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INDEX TO FORM 10-Q



United States
Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549


Form 10-Q


/x/

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Quarter Ended September 30, 2001

OR

/ / TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number 0-27517


GAIAM, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

COLORADO
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
  84-1113527
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

360 INTERLOCKEN BLVD.
BROOMFIELD, COLORADO 80021
(Address of principal executive offices)

(303) 222-3600
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)


    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes /x/  No / /

    Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

Class
  Shares outstanding as of November 2, 2001
Class A Common Stock
($.0001 par value)
  8,570,061
Class B Common Stock
($.0001 par value)
  5,400,000



INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

 
   
PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

 

Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
    Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2001 and December 31, 2000
    Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000
    Consolidated Statements of Income for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000
    Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000
    Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

Item 2.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

Item 2.

 

Changes in Securities and Use of Proceeds

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

Item 4.

 

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

Item 5.

 

Other Information

Item 6.

 

Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K

This report may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. When used in this discussion, the words "anticipate," "believe," "plan," "estimate," "expect," "strive," "future," "intend" and similar expressions as they relate to Gaiam or its management are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Gaiam's actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors set forth under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," "Market Risk" and elsewhere in this report. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ include, without limitation, competition, loss of key personnel, pricing, brand reputation, e-commerce trends, acquisitions, security and information systems, legal liability for website content, merchandise supply problems, failure of third parties to provide adequate service, reliance on centralized customer service, overstocks and merchandise returns, reliance on a centralized fulfillment center, increases in postage and shipping costs, future internet related taxes, control of Gaiam by its founder, fluctuations in quarterly operating results, consumer trends, customer interest in our products, general economic conditions, the effect of government regulation and other risks and uncertainties included in Gaiam's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We caution you that no forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which reflect our management's view only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking information.

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
  September 30,
2001

  December 31,
2000

 
 
  (Unaudited)

   
 
Assets              
Current assets:              
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 25,200,322   $ 8,578,668  
  Accounts receivable, net     11,761,722     9,570,218  
  Inventory, less allowances     15,393,838     6,361,046  
  Deferred advertising costs     2,690,773     1,625,285  
  Other current assets     534,222     1,307,416  
   
 
 
Total current assets     55,580,877     27,442,633  
Property and equipment, net     14,835,801     10,797,501  
Capitalized production costs, net     2,783,831     2,656,666  
Video library, net     4,384,345     4,631,140  
Goodwill, net     6,974,779     2,379,861  
Deferred tax assets     1,285,132     146,132  
Other assets     488,157     450,409  
   
 
 
Total assets   $ 86,332,922   $ 48,504,342  
   
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity              
Current liabilities:              
  Accounts payable   $ 10,382,690   $ 8,091,569  
  Accrued liabilities     3,786,264     2,109,036  
  Accrued royalties     930,786     867,667  
  Income taxes payable     669,066     790,267  
  Capital lease obligations, current     137,188     147,649  
  Other current liabilities     186,133     167,349  
   
 
 
Total current liabilities     16,092,127     12,173,537  
  Capital lease obligations, long-term     230,460     270,171  
  Deferred tax liability     412,001     412,001  
  Long-term debt     506,739     5,500,000  
   
 
 
Total long-term liabilities     1,149,200     6,182,172  
Minority interest     6,810,138     6,037,868  
Redeemable Class A preferred stock in subsidiary     6,000,000     6,000,000  
Stockholders' equity:              
  Class A common stock, $.0001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 8,565,133 and 5,473,184 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2001 and December 31, 2000, respectively     857     547  
  Class B common stock, $.0001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 5,400,000 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2001 and December 31, 2000, respectively     540     540  
  Additional paid-in capital     48,042,346     11,865,734  
  Deferred compensation     (369,951 )   (422,826 )
  Retained earnings     8,607,665     6,666,770  
   
 
 
Total stockholders' equity     56,281,457     18,110,765  
   
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 86,332,922   $ 48,504,342  
   
 
 

See accompanying notes.

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 
  For the Three Months Ended
September 30,

 
 
  2001
  2000
 
Net revenue   $ 23,945,703   $ 13,630,024  
Cost of goods sold     9,724,074     5,501,528  
   
 
 
Gross profit     14,221,629     8,128,496  
Expenses:              
  Selling and operating     10,468,798     5,952,080  
  Corporate, general and administration     1,960,528     1,194,039  
   
 
 
Total expenses     12,429,326     7,146,119  
   
 
 
Income from operations     1,792,303     982,377  
Other income (expense)     68,294     (42,531 )
Interest income     63,280     10,837  
   
 
 
Other income (expense), net     131,574     (31,694 )
   
 
 
Income before income taxes and minority interest     1,923,877     950,683  
Provision for income taxes     671,434     356,792  
Minority interest in net (income) loss of consolidated subsidiary, net of tax     (282,979 )   (14,481 )
   
 
 
Net income   $ 969,464   $ 579,410  
   
 
 
Net income per share:              
  Basic   $ 0.07   $ 0.05  
  Diluted   $ 0.07   $ 0.05  
Shares used in computing net income per share:              
  Basic     13,005,026     10,862,780  
  Diluted     13,496,612     11,537,474  

See accompanying notes.

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 
  For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 
 
  2001
  2000
 
Net revenue   $ 63,635,911   $ 37,574,443  
Cost of goods sold     25,343,656     15,079,401  
   
 
 
Gross profit     38,292,255     22,495,042  
Expenses:              
  Selling and operating     28,866,459     17,437,528  
  Corporate, general and administration     5,349,724     3,324,337  
   
 
 
Total expenses     34,216,183     20,761,865  
   
 
 
Income from operations     4,076,072     1,733,177  
Other income     423,888     3,092  
Interest expense     (183,546 )   (131,859 )
   
 
 
Other income (expense), net     240,342     (128,767 )
   
 
 
Income before income taxes and minority interest     4,316,414     1,604,410  
Provision for income taxes     1,569,353     602,135  
Minority interest in net (income) loss of consolidated subsidiary, net of tax     (806,166 )   (19,121 )
   
 
 
Net income   $ 1,940,895   $ 983,154  
   
 
 
Net income per share:              
  Basic   $ 0.16   $ 0.09  
  Diluted   $ 0.16   $ 0.09  
Shares used in computing net income per share:              
  Basic     11,864,398     10,851,084  
  Diluted     12,252,957     11,522,223  

See accompanying notes.

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 
  For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 
 
  2001
  2000
 
Operating activities              
Net income   $ 1,940,895   $ 983,154  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:              
  Depreciation     1,693,183     839,395  
  Amortization     466,055     285,426  
  Stock compensation     52,875      
  Minority interest in consolidated subsidiary     806,166     19,121  
  Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:              
    Accounts receivable     (2,287,467 )   1,113,274  
    Inventory     (6,662,612 )   (3,542,708 )
    Deferred advertising costs     (956,841 )   (1,543,496 )
    Capitalized production costs     (127,165 )   (577,931 )
    Other current assets     619,850     (583,377 )
    Other assets     42,694     (165,872 )
    Accounts payable     1,231,727     (534,052 )
    Accrued liabilities     (1,492,945 )   (486,351 )
    Income taxes payable     (2,806 )   513,632  
   
 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     (4,676,391 )   (3,679,785 )
   
 
 
Investing activities              
Purchase of property and equipment     (1,051,495 )   (5,111,612 )
Proceeds from sale of stock in subsidiary         9,000,000  
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired     (3,777,576 )    
   
 
 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     (4,829,071 )   3,888,388  
   
 
 
Financing activities              
Principal payments on capital leases     (82,490 )   (79,914 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock     31,721,754     10,699  
Net proceeds from (payments on) borrowings     (5,512,148 )   1,000,000  
   
 
 
Net cash provided by financing activities     26,127,116     930,785  
   
 
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents     16,621,654     1,139,388  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     8,578,668     3,877,465  
   
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 25,200,322   $ 5,016,853  
   
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information              
Interest paid   $ 323,841   $ 222,065  
Income taxes paid     1,572,159     88,503  

See accompanying notes.

Gaiam, Inc.

Notes to Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

September 30, 2001

1. Interim Consolidated Financial Statements

    Gaiam, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the State of Colorado on July 7, 1988. Gaiam is a multi-channel lifestyle company providing information, goods and services to customers who value natural health, personal development and renewable energy.

    The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Gaiam, its subsidiaries and partnerships in which ownership is greater than 50% and considered to be under the control of Gaiam. All material intercompany accounts and transaction balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

    The interim consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the management of Gaiam pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, and, in the opinion of management, contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly Gaiam's consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2001, the interim results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000, and cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000. These interim statements have not been audited. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2000 was derived from Gaiam's audited consolidated financial statements included in Gaiam's annual report on Form 10-K.

    Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. Accounting policies followed by Gaiam are described in Note 1 to the audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2000 included in Gaiam's annual report on Form 10-K. The consolidated financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements, including the notes thereto, for the year ended December 31, 2000.

    The consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods disclosed within this report are not necessarily indicative of future financial results.

    The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

    The Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. 141, "Business Combinations" ("SFAS No. 141") in June 2001. SFAS No. 141 requires

that all business combinations initiated after June 30, 2001 be accounted for under the purchase method and addresses the initial recognition and measurement of goodwill and other intangible assets acquired in a business combination. The Company adopted SFAS No. 141 effective the beginning of the third quarter of fiscal year 2001.

    In June 2001, the FASB issued SFAS No. 142, "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets" ("SFAS No. 142"), which revises the accounting for purchased goodwill and other intangible assets. Under SFAS No. 142, goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives will no longer be systematically amortized into operating results. Instead, each of these assets will be tested for impairment, in the absence of an indicator of possible impairment, at least annually, and upon an indicator of possible impairment, immediately. Gaiam will adopt SFAS No. 142, as required, in its consolidated financial statements for the first quarter of fiscal 2002. As required under SFAS No.142, any goodwill resulting from a business combination occurring subsequent to June 30, 2001 will not be systematically amortized. As of September 30, 2001, $1,110,800 of goodwill will not be systematically amortized as the related business combination occurred subsequent to June 30, 2001. Management is currently evaluating the provisions of SFAS No. 142 and has not yet determined the effect that adoption of this standard will have on Gaiam's consolidated financial statements.

    In June 2001, the FASB issued SFAS No. 143, "Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations" ("SFAS No. 143"), which sets forth the financial accounting and reporting to be followed for obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-lived assets and the associated asset retirement costs. SFAS No. 143 requires entities to record the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. The associated asset retirement costs are to be capitalized as part of the carrying amount of the long-lived asset. Subsequently, the recorded liability will be accreted to its present value and the capitalized costs will be depreciated. Unless management elects to early adopt SFAS No. 143, as permitted, Gaiam will adopt SFAS No. 143, as required, in its consolidated financial statements for the first quarter of fiscal 2003. Management is currently evaluating the provisions of SFAS No. 143 and has not yet determined the effect that adoption of this standard will have on Gaiam's consolidated financial statements.

    In August 2001, the FASB issued SFAS No. 144, "Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets" ("SFAS No. 144"), which modifies and expands the financial accounting and reporting for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets other than goodwill, which is specifically addressed by SFAS No. 142. SFAS No. 144 maintains the requirement that an impairment loss be recognized for a long-lived asset to be held and used if its carrying value is not recoverable from its undiscounted cash flows, with the recognized impairment being the difference between the carrying amount and fair value of the asset. With respect to long-lived assets to be disposed of other than by sale, SFAS No. 144 requires that the assets be considered held and used until it is actually disposed of but requires that its depreciable life be revised in accordance with APB Opinion No. 20, "Accounting Changes." SFAS No. 144 also requires that an impairment loss be recognized at the date a long-lived asset is exchanged for a similar productive asset or distributed to its owners in a spin-off if the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value. With respect to long-lived assets to be disposed of by sale, SFAS No. 144 requires that the asset classified as held for sale be measured at the lower of its carrying

amount or fair value less selling costs, with no further depreciation or amortization. As such, discontinued operations are no longer measured on a net realizable value basis, and future operating losses are no longer recognized before they occur. SFAS No. 144 also broadens the previously existing income statement presentation requirements for discontinued operations to include a component of a business, that being the operations and cash flows that can be clearly distinguished, operationally and for financial reporting purposes, from the rest of the entity. A component of an entity that is classified as held for sale or that has been disposed of is presented as a discontinued operation if the operations and cash flows of the component have been or will be eliminated from the ongoing operations of the entity and the entity will not have any significant continuing involvement in the operations of the component. Unless management elects early adoption of SFAS No. 144, as permitted, Gaiam will adopt SFAS No. 144, as required, in its consolidated financial statements for the first quarter of fiscal 2002. Management is continuing to assess the provisions of SFAS No. 144 and currently is unable to determine the likely impact of its adoption.

    Certain reclassifications have been made to the 2000 financial statements to conform to 2001 presentation.

2. Mergers and Acquisitions

    During the first quarter of 2001, Gaiam completed its merger with Real Goods Trading Corporation. In the tax-free stock-for-stock transaction, Real Goods shareholders received one share of Gaiam Class A common stock in exchange for each ten shares of Real Goods stock owned. The merger was accounted for using the purchase method. Gaiam also acquired all of the stock of Earthlings, Inc. and Self Care, Inc. (companies under common ownership with the Chief Executive Officer of Gaiam) at his company's net investment cost plus transaction expenses. As these companies were under common control, the purchase was accounted for using historical costs, similar to a pooling transaction. Therefore, the difference between the purchase price and the value of net assets acquired was accounted for as a reduction to additional paid-in capital. The total combined purchase price for both companies was $3,848,014.

    During the second quarter of 2001, Gaiam exercised its option to purchase the remaining equity interest in Ecosport, thus eliminating the minority interest.

    At the end of September 2001, Gaiam purchased the remaining 49.9% interest in its two renewable energy businesses that it did not own previously, for 50,000 shares of Gaiam Class A common stock and $250,000 cash consideration.

3. Long-term debt

    During the second quarter of 2001, Gaiam entered into new credit agreements with Wells Fargo Bank West N.A. These agreements increase Gaiam's borrowing capacity from $6.5 million to $14.9 million. Under a revolving line of credit Gaiam has availability of up to $10 million with a maturity date of September 30, 2003, and under a term loan Gaiam may borrow up to $4.9 million,

with a maturity of July 1, 2006. Borrowings under these agreements bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 50 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points. These borrowings are secured by a pledge of Gaiam's assets, and contain various financial covenants, including a prohibition on the payment of cash dividends to Gaiam's shareholders and requiring the maintenance of certain financial ratios.

4. Stockholders' Equity

    During the first quarter of 2001, Gaiam became obligated to issue approximately 481,424 shares of Class A common stock as a result of Gaiam's merger with Real Goods.

    On August 3, 2001, Gaiam completed a secondary offering of 2,200,000 shares of Class A common stock, plus an overallotment of 330,000 shares, at an offering price of $13.75 per share.

5. Earnings per Share

    Basic earnings per share exclude any dilutive effects of options, warrants and dilutive securities. Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common and common stock equivalent shares outstanding during the period. Common equivalent shares are excluded from the computation if their effect is antidilutive. All earnings per share amounts for all period have been presented and conform to the FASB Statement No. 128 requirements.

    The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 
  Three Months Ended
September 30,

  Nine Months Ended
September 30,

 
  2001
  2000
  2001
  2000
Net income   $ 969,464   $ 579,410   $ 1,940,895   $ 983,154
   
 
 
 
Denominator:                        
Weighted average shares for basic earnings per share     13,005,026     10,862,780     11,864,398     10,851,084
Effect of Dilutive Securities:                        
Weighted average of common stock, stock options and warrants     491,586     674,694     388,559     671,139
   
 
 
 
Denominator for diluted earnings per share     13,496,612     11,537,474     12,252,957     11,522,223
   
 
 
 
Net income per share—basic   $ 0.07   $ 0.05   $ 0.16   $ 0.09
Net income per share—diluted   $ 0.07   $ 0.05   $ 0.16   $ 0.09

6. Segment Information

    Gaiam has two business segments: Direct to Consumer and Business to Business; both of which sell products, services and information produced by Gaiam or purchased from other suppliers. Although the customer bases do not overlap to any significant extent, the production, purchase and

delivery processes overlap in some areas. Gaiam does not accumulate the balance sheet by segment for purposes of management review.

    Each of the two segments qualifies as such because each is more than 10% of combined revenue. Financial information for Gaiam's business segments was as follows (contribution margin as used below is net sales, less cost of goods sold and direct expenses):

 
  For the Three Months
Ended September 30,

  For the Nine Months
Ended September 30,

 
 
  2001
  2000
  2001
  2000
 
Net revenue:                          
  Direct to consumer   $ 12,463,127   $ 9,567,414   $ 34,670,347   $ 28,299,288  
  Business to business     11,482,576     4,062,610     28,965,564     9,275,155  
   
 
 
 
 
  Consolidated net revenue     23,945,703     13,630,024     63,635,911     37,574,443  
Contribution margin:                          
  Direct to consumer     691,344     143,986     1,308,673     150,526  
  Business to business     1,100,959     838,391     2,767,399     1,582,651  
   
 
 
 
 
  Consolidated contribution margin     1,792,303     982,377     4,076,072     1,733,177  
Reconciliation of contribution margin to net income:                          
  Other income (expense)     131,574     (31,694 )   240,342     (128,767 )
  Income tax expense     671,434     356,792     1,569,353     602,135  
  Minority interest     282,979     14,481     806,166     19,121  
   
 
 
 
 
Net income   $ 969,464   $ 579,410   $ 1,940,895   $ 983,154  
   
 
 
 
 

Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    The following discussion and analysis of Gaiam's financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the interim consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this document.

Three months ended September 30, 2001 compared to three months ended September 30, 2000

    Revenues increased 75.7% to $23.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2001 from $13.6 million during the three months ended September 30, 2000. Gaiam's internal growth rate was 58% for the three months ended September 30, 2001, fueled primarily by the growth in sales of Gaiam's proprietary products.

    Gross profit, which consists of revenues less cost of sales (primarily merchandise acquisition costs and in-bound freight), increased 75.0% to $14.2 million for the third quarter of 2001 from $8.1 million during the same period in 2000. As a percentage of revenue, gross profit decreased to 59.4% in 2001 from 59.6% in 2000. This decrease in gross profit percentage was primarily the result of a change in sales mix with a greater emphasis on renewables business and accessory sales, which carry lower margins than Gaiam's proprietary products.

    Selling and operating expenses, which consist primarily of sales and marketing costs, commission and fulfillment expenses, increased 75.9%, in line with the revenue increase of 75.7%, to $10.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2001 from $6.0 million for the same period in 2000. As a percentage of revenues, selling and operating expenses were 43.7% of revenue in both 2001 and 2000.

    Corporate, general and administrative expenses increased to $2.0 million during the third quarter of 2001, from $1.2 million during 2000, primarily to support Gaiam's growth. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses decreased to 8.2% in 2001 from 8.8% in 2000.

    Operating income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 82.4% to $1.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2001, from $982,377 for the comparable period in 2000.

    Gaiam recorded $131,574 in other income for the three months ended September 30, 2001 compared to $31,694 in other expense for the three months ended September 30, 2000.

    Minority interest in net income of consolidated subsidiaries was $282,979 during the third quarter of 2001, compared to $14,481 during the third quarter of 2000.

    Income tax provision increased to $671,434 for the three months ended September 30, 2001 from $356,792 for the comparable period in 2000.

    Net income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 67.3% to $969,464 for the three months ended September 30, 2001, from $579,410 for the three months ended September 30, 2000.

Nine months ended September 30, 2001 compared to nine months ended September 30, 2000

    Revenues increased 69.4% to $63.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $37.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2000. Gaiam's internal growth rate was 48% for the nine months ended September 30, 2001, fueled primarily by the growth in sales of Gaiam's proprietary products.

    Gross profit increased 70.2% to $38.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $22.5 million during the same period in 2000. As a percentage of revenue, gross profit increased to 60.2% in 2001 from 59.9% in 2000. This increase in gross profit percentage was primarily attributable to increases in the sales of proprietary or private-labeled branded products, on which Gaiam has better margins than other products.

    Selling and operating expenses increased 65.5%, less than the revenue increase of 69.4%, to $28.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $17.4 million for the same period in 2000. As a percentage of revenues, selling and operating expenses decreased to 45.4% in 2001 from 46.4% in 2000.

    Corporate, general and administrative expenses increased to $5.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001, compared to $3.3 million for the corresponding period in 2000, primarily to support Gaiam's growth. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses decreased to 8.4% in 2001 from 8.8% in 2000.

    Operating income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 135.2% to $4.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $1.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2000.

    Gaiam recorded $240,342 in other income during the nine months ended September 30, 2001, compared to other expense of $128,767 for the comparable period in 2000.

    Minority interest in net income increased to $806,166 for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $19,121 for the same period in 2000.

    Income tax provision was $1,569,353 for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 as compared to a provision of $602,135 for the nine months ended September 30, 2000.

    Net income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 97.4% to $1.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 from $983,154 for the comparable period in 2000.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

    Gaiam's capital needs arise from working capital required to fund operations, capital expenditures related to expansions and improvements to infrastructure, development of e-commerce, and funds required in connection with the acquisitions of new businesses and anticipated future growth. These capital requirements depend on numerous factors, including the rate of market acceptance of Gaiam's product offerings, the ability to expand Gaiam's customer base, the cost of ongoing upgrades to Gaiam's product offerings, the level of expenditures for sales and marketing, the level of investment in distribution and other factors. The timing and amount of these capital requirements cannot accurately be predicted. Additionally, Gaiam continues to evaluate possible investments in businesses, products and technologies, and plans to expand sales and marketing programs and conduct more aggressive brand promotions.

    During the second quarter of 2001, Gaiam entered into new loan agreements with Wells Fargo increasing Gaiam's borrowing capacity from $6.5 million to $14.9 million. The new revolving line of credit, which extends through September 30, 2003, allows borrowings up to $10 million based upon the collateral value of Gaiam's accounts receivable and inventory held for resale. Wells Fargo has also provided Gaiam with a term loan in the amount of up to $4.9 million, which matures on July 1, 2006, and allowed a $537,228 term note assumed as part of the Real Goods merger to remain outstanding. Borrowings under these agreements are secured by a pledge of Gaiam's assets, and bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 50 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points. The Wells Fargo credit agreements contain various financial covenants and also prohibit Gaiam from paying cash dividends to shareholders.

    During the third quarter of 2001, Gaiam completed a secondary offering of 2,200,000 shares of Class A common stock, plus an overallotment of 330,000 shares, at an offering price of $13.75 per share. Net proceeds to Gaiam, after deducting the underwriting commission and expenses, were approximately $31.5 million. Gaiam used $10.0 million of these proceeds to pay outstanding amounts under the Wells Fargo credit agreements.

    Gaiam's operating activities used net cash of $4.7 million and $3.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 and 2000, respectively. Gaiam's net cash used by operating activities for 2001 and 2000 arose primarily from increases in inventories in order to support additional revenue growth, including store-within-store rollouts.

    Gaiam's investing and acquisition activities used cash of $4.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2001 and provided cash of $3.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2000. During the first quarter of 2001, Gaiam completed its merger with Real Goods Trading Corporation, and also acquired all of the stock and certain assets of Earthlings, Inc. and Selfcare for a total combined purchase price of $3.8 million. During the second quarter of 2001, Gaiam eliminated the minority interest in Ecosport by acquiring the remaining equity interest. At the end of September 2001, Gaiam purchased the remaining 49.9% interest in its two renewable energy businesses that it did not own previously, thus eliminating the minority interest in these businesses effective October 1, 2001. The cash provided by investing activities in 2000 arose primarily from the sale of stock in Gaiam.com, net of the costs associated with the design and implementation of the Gaiam.com website, and additional property and equipment purchases to support Gaiam's increased business volume.

    During the nine months ended September 30, 2001, Gaiam's financing activities provided $26.1 million in cash, primarily resulting from the completion of Gaiam's secondary offering of Class A common stock. During the nine months ended September 30, 2000, Gaiam's financing activities provided cash of $930,785 through borrowing on its line of credit.

    We believe our available cash, cash expected to be generated from operations, and borrowing capabilities will be sufficient to fund our operations on both a short-term and long-term basis. However, our projected cash needs may change as a result of acquisitions, unforeseen operational difficulties or other factors.

    In the normal course of our business, we investigate, evaluate and discuss acquisition, joint venture, majority and minority investment, strategic relationship and other business combination opportunities in the LOHAS (Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability) industry. In the event of any future investment, acquisition or joint venture opportunities, we may consider using then-available liquidity, issuing equity securities or incurring additional indebtedness.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    We do not believe that any of our financial instruments have significant risk associated with market sensitivity. We are not exposed to financial market risks from changes in foreign exchange rates and are only minimally impacted by changes in interest rates. Borrowing under our bank credit facility are at a variable rate of interest, and based on the current level of borrowings, we experience only modest changes in interest expense when market interest rates change. However, in the future, we may enter into transactions denominated in non-U.S. currencies or increase the level of our borrowings, which could increase our exposure to these market risks. We have not used, and currently do not contemplate using, any derivative financial instruments.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

    Gaiam is not party to any material legal proceedings.

Item 2. Changes in Securities and Use of Proceeds

    None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

    None.

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

    None.

Item 5. Other Information.

    None.

Item 6. Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K.


Exhibit No.
  Description
3.1   Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Gaiam, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of Gaiam's Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-83283))

3.2

 

Bylaws of Gaiam, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of Gaiam's Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-83283))

4.1

 

Form of Gaiam, Inc. Stock Certificate (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Gaiam's Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-83283))


Signatures

    Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

    GAIAM, INC.
(REGISTRANT)
NOVEMBER 8, 2001

 

 

By:

/s/ 
JIRKA RYSAVY   
Jirka Rysavy
Chief Executive Officer

 

 

By:

/s/ 
YUDHISTER BAHL   
Yudhister Bahl
Chief Financial Officer