United States
Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-K

 

ý

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2003

 

 

 

or

 

o

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF
THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 0-27517

 

GAIAM, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

COLORADO

 

84-1113527

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

 

 

360 INTERLOCKEN BOULEVARD
BROOMFIELD, CO 80021

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

 

(303) 222-3600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

None

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Class A Common Stock, $.0001 par value

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant:  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES ý  NO  o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the Registrant’s knowledge, in a definitive proxy or information statement incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K  ý

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). YES ý NO o

 

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was approximately $38,570,310 as of June 30, 2003, based upon the closing price on the NASDAQ National Market on this date.  The Registrant does not have non-voting common equity.

 

As of March 1, 2004, 9,216,027 shares of the Registrant’s $.0001 par value Class A common stock and 5,400,000 shares of the Registrant’s Class B common stock were outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

The following documents (or portions thereof) are incorporated by reference into the Parts of this Form 10-K noted:

 

 



 

Part III incorporates by reference from the definitive proxy statement for the Registrant’s 2004 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form.

 

GAIAM, INC.

Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2003

 

PART I

 

3

Item 1.

Business

3

Item 2.

Properties

14

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

14

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

14

 

 

 

PART II

 

14

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

14

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

15

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

23

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and
Financial Disclosure

41

 

 

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

41

 

 

 

PART III

 

42

Item 10.

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant

42

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

42

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

42

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

42

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

42

 

 

 

PART IV

 

42

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-K

42

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

44

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.  When used in this discussion, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “strive,” “future,” “intend” and similar expressions as they relate to Gaiam or its management are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  Gaiam’s actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors set forth under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Market Risk” and elsewhere in this report.  Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ include, without limitation, general economic conditions, competition, loss of key personnel, pricing, brand reputation, acquisitions, security and information systems, legal liability for website content, merchandise supply problems, failure of third parties to provide adequate service, reliance on centralized customer service, overstocks and merchandise returns, reliance on a centralized fulfillment center, increases in postage and shipping costs, e-commerce trends, future Internet related taxes, control of Gaiam by its founder, fluctuations in quarterly operating results, consumer trends, customer interest in our products, the effect of government regulation and other risks and uncertainties included in Gaiam’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  We caution you that no forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which reflect our management’s view only as of the date of this report.  We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking information.

 

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Part I

 

Item 1.                                                           Business

 

OUR BUSINESS

 

Gaiam

 

Gaiam is a multi-channel lifestyle company providing a broad selection of information, products and services to customers who value natural health, personal development, ecological lifestyles and responsible media.  We offer our customers the ability to make purchasing decisions based on these values while providing a quality product at a price comparable to conventional alternatives.

 

Gaiam has established itself as a lifestyle brand, information resource and authority in the Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability (LOHAS) market and seeks to become a unifying symbol of the emerging LOHAS lifestyle. Our lifestyle brand is built around our ability to develop and offer content, products and lifestyle solutions to consumers in the LOHAS market. Our content forms the basis of our proprietary products, on which we realize our highest margins, which then drives demand for parallel product and service offerings.  Gaiam’s operations are vertically integrated from content creation, through product development and sourcing, to customer service and distribution.  We market our products and services across two segments, business and direct-to-consumer, and through five sales channels: media, national retailers, corporate accounts, catalogs and the Internet. We distribute our products in each of these sales channels from a single fulfillment center.

 

The LOHAS Market

 

The LOHAS market, which represented $227 billion in sales in 2000 according to the Natural Business Communication study, consists of five main sectors:

 

                  Sustainable Economy.  Renewable energy, energy conservation, recycled goods, environmental management services, sustainable manufacturing processes and related information and services.

 

                  Healthy Living. Natural and organic foods, dietary supplements, personal care products and related information and services.

 

                  Alternative Healthcare. Health and wellness solutions and alternative health practices.

 

                  Personal Development. Solutions, information, products and experiences relating to mind, body and spiritual development.

 

                  Ecological Lifestyles. Environmentally friendly cleaning and household products, organic cotton clothing and bedding, and eco-tourism.

 

Gaiam participates in all five sectors of the LOHAS market.

 

Our Content

 

Gaiam’s business model revolves around content creation, which forms the basis for our proprietary products. We have an “in house” production team that produces programs on a variety of topics including “how-to” and solutions based programs on mind-body fitness, wellness, and alternative healthcare. Our programs have won 22 Telly awards and several medals at the International New York Film Festival.  We developed a new line of children’s products during 2003, which was the recipient of several Parent’s Choice and Kids First Awards recognizing new products that help kids grow imaginatively, physically, and mentally.  During 2003, we produced 44 new visual media programs. Gaiam also develops and markets music and audio CDs and publishes printed content.

 

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Our Products

 

We currently stock approximately 7,500 stock keeping units (SKUs) of which approximately 4,500 are proprietary products bearing the Gaiam brand.  Our proprietary products constituted over 62% of our sales in 2003, compared to 53% in 2001, and 24% in 1999.  Our visual media programs represent the largest part of our proprietary product offering.  Our best selling products, by LOHAS sector, are as follows:

 

Sustainable
Economy

 

Healthy Living

 

Alternative
Healthcare

 

Personal
Development

 

Ecological
Lifestyles

Solar Panels and Accessories

 

Air Filters

 

Natural Lighting

 

Yoga Information and Accessories

 

Natural Cleaners

Energy Systems

 

Water Filters

 

Back and Neck Care Products

 

Pilates Information and Accessories

 

Organic Cotton Bedding

Energy Efficient Lighting

 

Personal Air Supply

 

Massage Accessories

 

Meditation Information and Accessories

 

Organic Cotton Towels

Energy Information

 

UV Purifiers

 

Stress Relief

 

Fitness Accessories

 

Organic Cotton Clothing

Evaporative Coolers

 

Personal Care Products

 

Allergy and Pain Relief

 

Performance Wear

 

Recycled Household Paper Products

Intertie Systems

 

Natural Beauty Products

 

Sleep Enhancers

 

Personal Growth Information

 

Natural Garden Products

Composters

 

Whole Foods Brand Products

 

Wellness Information

 

Kids Fitness Products and Information

 

Non-Toxic Pest Control

Air Dryers

 

Healthy Cooking

 

Aroma Therapy

 

Relaxation Music

 

Green Cotton Home Accessories

 

Our Sales Channels

 

We conduct our business across two segments.  Our business segment customers are primarily national retailers, corporate accounts and the media. We conduct our direct-to-consumer business through our catalogs and the Internet.  Approximately 93% of our 2003 sales were made directly to retailers or end-users, and less than 7% were through distributors.

 

                  Media

 

Gaiam develops and produces information and programming targeted to consumers who value natural health, personal development and spirituality.  Gaiam has an award-winning library of titles that it sells to retailers, licenses to selected distributors operating outside of the United States, and licenses or sublicenses for broadcast.  Our current list of licensees includes Koch Vision, Universal Studios, Fine Living, Discovery Channel and Conscious Media.  All of our licensing arrangements require Gaiam branding to be prominent on the programming and are subject to our talent royalty agreements.  While our licensing of the rights to manufacture and distribute certain of our media lowers recognized revenue, contribution margins are improved.

 

                  Retailers

 

Since the inception of our retailer channel in 1996, we have increased its breadth and diversity.  As of the end of 2003, Gaiam products may be found in over 30,000 stores in North America, plus in retailers located in the U.K. and Australia.  Gaiam products are currently sold across a variety of leading retailers, including bookstores such as Barnes & Noble and Borders; music stores such as Musicland and Virgin Record Megastores; lifestyle stores such as Discovery Channel Stores; beauty stores such as Ulta and Origins; home furnishing stores such as Bed, Bath and Beyond and Linens ‘n Things; natural food stores such as Whole Foods Market; sporting goods stores such as Dick’s, REI and Galyan’s; mass merchants such as Target and WalMart, e-tailers such as Amazon.com and Drugstore.com; and wholesale clubs such as Costco.  Many of these retailers display our products in store-within-store lifestyle presentations that utilize custom fixtures designed and produced by Gaiam. We implemented our first store-within-store concept late in 2000 and the concept has grown to over 3,650 stores by the end of 2003.

 

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Through distributor arrangements and acquisitions, Gaiam branded products may now be found in over 3,500 international retail stores throughout Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia.  Our media products are sold to international accounts under licensing agreements and the remaining products are sold based on distributor relationships.  During 2003, Gaiam acquired a 50.1% ownership interest in Leisure Systems International (“LSI”), a U.K. based distributor and marketer of lifestyle products.  The acquisition has allowed our merchandising and product development groups to work closely with the LSI team to modify and develop new lifestyle products that fit into the cultures of countries outside of North America.

 

                  Services

 

Gaiam provides products and services to businesses that desire renewable energy solutions or healthy and natural alternatives to traditional products or processes and services such as eco-travel.  We have a design and consulting service for corporate accounts that assesses energy needs and makes recommendations for more efficient solutions. We also organize individual and family eco-travel trips and group eco-travel adventures for museums and zoological societies, schools and universities and conservation and corporate groups.  Integral to our complete eco-travel experience is imparting an understanding of, and having our travelers experience the critical nature and work needed to protect and preserve our wildlife, wild places and environment. Clients of our lifestyle services included The White House, NASA, Fetzer Winery, the U.S. Departments of Energy, the Government of Brazil, the Smithsonian Institution, and the World Wildlife Fund.

 

                  Catalogs

 

Gaiam offers a variety of LOHAS products directly to the consumer through our catalogs and through some consumer lifestyle publications. We produce catalogs for all aspects of LOHAS.  The typical Gaiam direct consumer is female, has an average income of $75,000 and is well educated.

 

                  Internet

 

We use the Internet to sell our products and to provide information on the LOHAS lifestyle.  We currently offer over 7,500 SKUs on our website, www.gaiam.com.  We promote our website through our visual media, catalogs, print publications, product packaging and Internet Links.  A key component of our Internet approach is to provide customer support for Internet sales from our in-house call center.  According to a Jupiter Communications study, 90% of on-line customers prefer human interaction when they require customer service.  This is particularly important for Gaiam because the use of many of our products is enhanced by the extensive product education and information that we make available online and through our well informed customer service personnel.

 

Our Operations

 

                  Product Development and Sourcing

 

Gaiam branded products are sold across our five sales channels.  Non-proprietary products are only available through our catalogs and over the Internet, where we initially test products before we decide to develop products under the Gaiam brand and distribute them through our other sales channels.  Our products are designed to enhance customers’ lifestyles and experiences and provide healthy, natural solutions while being eco-friendly and promoting a sustainable economy.  Because we use a multi-channel approach to our business we are able to leverage our product development costs across all channels of our business.

 

Our proprietary products are designed by our product development team, sourced both domestically and internationally by our merchandisers and produced by third party suppliers to our specifications.  We also screen the environmental and social responsibility of our suppliers.  In order to minimize risk we often identify an alternate supplier for our products in a separate location.

 

                  Customer Service

 

Gaiam focuses on building and maintaining customer relationships that thrive on loyalty and trust.  We maintain a “no-risk guarantee” policy, whereby a customer is provided a full refund for products that are returned at any time, for any reason.  In 2003, we established a most valued customer program, which extends added benefits to our most loyal catalog and Internet customers.  Our in-house customer service department includes product

 

5



 

specialists who have specific product knowledge and assist customers in selecting products and solutions that meet their needs.  We employ telephone routing software that directs each call to the appropriate representative.  Our policy is to ship orders no later than the next business day, which we accomplish by stocking inventory that supports over 90% of our orders. We believe that by offering exceptional customer service we encourage repeat purchases by our customers, enhance our brand identity and reputation and build stronger relationships with our customers.

 

                  Established Infrastructure

 

We operate a 208,000 square foot fulfillment center near Cincinnati, Ohio, which provides fulfillment for a most of our current business needs and has the capacity to support the growth of our business.  This central U.S. location allows us to achieve shipping cost efficiencies to most locations.  The center is also located within 30 minutes of several major shipping company hubs.  We use a supply chain management system that supports our entire operation, including fulfillment, inventory management, and customer service.  Our fulfillment center is connected to our other facilities by a state-of-the art voice-over-Internet telecom network that allows us to maintain a high degree of connectivity within our organization.

 

Our Growth Strategies

 

                  Expand our Media Offering

 

Proprietary and authentic content lies at the core of our business model. Our media offerings introduce customers to Gaiam and helps establish Gaiam as an authority in the LOHAS market.  Gaiam’s primary focus is on leveraging our content with branded lifestyle product offerings through various media, catalogs, the Internet, and national retailers.  We believe that the content-centric strategy is a competitive advantage and the multi-channel approach allows us the broadest possible consumer reach.

 

We will continue to develop authentic content that caters to the LOHAS lifestyle in DVD and VHS formats and also accelerate our efforts in the music, broadcast and publishing categories.  We have already expanded our visual media offerings internationally and plan to continue to leverage this opportunity.

 

                  Strengthen our Lifestyle Brand

 

Our goal is to maintain the Gaiam brand as an authority in the LOHAS market and to establish Gaiam as a unifying symbol of the emerging LOHAS lifestyle.  Strategically, all proprietary products are now being marketed under one unified brand, “Gaiam.” We plan to strengthen the Gaiam brand by growing our media, focusing on category management initiatives, increasing our store-within-store presence across national retailers, increasing our marketing efforts, and by aggressively developing and marketing proprietary products while maintaining our high level of customer service.

 

                  Expand our Proprietary Products

 

Our proprietary products, which we introduced in 1997, represented 62% of our revenues in fiscal year 2003.  These products carry a higher margin, provide for branding opportunity and distinguish us from many of our competitors. We currently offer over 4,500 SKUs of proprietary products that range from media products to sleep, stress relief, yoga and pilates accessories to organic cotton bedding and bath products.  We continue to develop and market proprietary products across each of the five LOHAS sectors.  We are strengthening our supply chain globally by sourcing a greater number of products offshore. We leverage our product development costs over all sales channels.

 

                  Capitalize on our Multi-channel Approach

 

Our multi-channel strategy affords us the broadest possible customer reach. This approach makes purchasing our lifestyle products convenient regardless of the channel that a customer prefers. Additionally this diversified, strategic approach should provide for continued operating and business stability as we have the ability to cross-market lifestyle products and services regardless of the customer location or the channel to which we are marketing.  In our direct-to-consumer business we are open 24 hours a day, offering over 7,500 products on our Internet site.

 

6



 

In our business segment, we continue to expand our presence in national retailers and currently have placements in over 30,000 retail points in North America, plus in retailers located in the U.K. and Australia.  We also continue to expand our store-within-store concept in a variety of stores, including Whole Foods Markets, Barnes & Noble Bookstores, Discovery Stores, Ulta, Dick’s Sporting Goods, REI, Galyan’s and other national retailers.

 

                  Expand into New Product Categories in our Business Segment

 

We have successfully established Gaiam as one of the leaders in the mind-body health category.  In an effort to leverage and diversify our strong relationships with our customer base, we continue to offer products across an increasing number of lifestyle categories including functional apparel, natural home and wellness.  We continue to test products in our direct business for expansion opportunities at retailers.  We believe that the Gaiam brand can extend to all aspects of LOHAS in our business segment.

 

                  Complement our Existing Business with Selective Strategic Acquisitions

 

Our growth strategy is not dependent on acquisitions.  However, we will consider those strategic acquisitions in the LOHAS market that complement our existing business, increase our media and related product offerings, and expand our geographical reach.  We especially focus on companies with a strong brand identity and with customer and product information databases that augment our existing databases.  Gaiam often allows some of the acquired company’s management team to retain responsibility for front-end business functions such as creative presentation and marketing, while consolidating operational functions under Gaiam’s existing infrastructure when economies of scale can be realized.

 

Our Business Segments

 

We separate our business into two business segments:  the business segment which includes sales to businesses, retailers, corporate accounts and media outlets; and the direct-to-consumer segment, which includes catalogs, print advertising, and e-commerce.

 

Our business segment provides us with increased branding opportunities, higher operating contribution and potential growth in mainstream retail stores.  The business segment represented 51% of 2003 revenues, while the direct to consumer segment represented 49% of revenues.  See Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements for further information on our segments.

 

Our Intellectual Property

 

Our tradename Gaiam and various product and Internet domain names are subject to trademark or pending trademark applications of Gaiam or a Gaiam company.  We believe these trademarks are significant assets to our business.

 

Our Competitive Position

 

We believe that fragmented supplier and distribution networks characterize the LOHAS market, and we are not aware of a dominant leader.  Gaiam’s goal is to establish itself as the market leader.

 

Our business is evolving and competitive.  Larger and better-established entities may acquire, invest in or form joint ventures with our competitors.  Many of these entities have longer operating histories and have greater financial and marketing resources than we have.  Increased competition from these or other competitors could reduce our revenue and profits.  In addition, the smaller businesses we compete against may be able to more effectively personalize their relationships with customers.

 

Because Gaiam uses multi-channel distribution for our products, we compete with various producers of similar products and services. Our competitors include Goodtimes Home Media, Anchor Bay, Ventura, PPI Entertainment, Goldhill Media, Nike, Reebok, thousands of small, local and regional businesses, and product lines or items that are offered by large retailers, manufacturers, publishers and media producers.

 

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We believe the principal competitive factors in the LOHAS market are authenticity of information, distinctiveness of products and services, quality of product, brand recognition and price, and in media offerings, unique content and distribution capabilities.  We believe we compete favorably on all these relevant factors.

 

We expect industry consolidation to increase competition. As our competitors grow, they may adopt aggressive pricing or inventory policies, which could result in reduced operating margins and loss of market share.

 

Our success also depends upon the willingness of consumers to purchase goods and services that promote the values we espouse. While we believe our business plan and assumptions are reasonable, the demographic trends on which they are based may change and the current consumption levels may not be sustained. The decrease of consumer interest in purchasing goods and services that promote the values we espouse would materially and adversely affect our customer base and revenues and, accordingly, our financial prospects.

 

Our Employees

 

As of March 1, 2004, Gaiam and the Gaiam companies employed approximately 285 persons.  None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.

 

Regulatory Matters

 

There are a number of different bills under consideration by Congress and various state legislatures that would restrict disclosure of consumers’ personal information, which may make it more difficult for Gaiam to generate additional names for its direct marketing, and restrict a company’s right to send unsolicited electronic mail or printed materials.  Although Gaiam believes it is generally in compliance with current laws and regulations and that these laws and regulations have not had a significant impact on our business to date, it is possible that existing or future regulatory requirements will impose a significant burden on us.

 

The Gaiam companies generally collect sales taxes only on sales to residents of states in which Gaiam has locations.  Currently, Gaiam collects sales taxes in sales to residents of California, Colorado and Ohio.  A number of legislative proposals have been made at the federal, state and local level, and by foreign governments, that would impose additional taxes on the sale of goods and services over the Internet and certain states have taken measures to tax Internet-related activities.  If legislation is enacted that requires Gaiam to collect sales taxes on sales to residents of other states or jurisdictions, sales in our direct-to-consumer businesses may be adversely affected.

 

Our business is also subject to a number of other governmental regulations, including the Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule and related regulations of the Federal Trade Commission.  These regulations prohibit unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in connection with mail and telephone order sales and require sellers of mail and telephone order merchandise to conform to certain rules of conduct with respect to shipping dates and shipping delays. We are also subject to regulations of the U.S. Postal Service and various state and local consumer protection agencies relating to matters such as advertising, order solicitation, shipment deadlines and customer refunds and returns. In addition, merchandise imported by Gaiam is subject to import and customs duties and, in some cases, import quotas.

 

Seasonality

 

See the Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations section of Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for information pertaining to the seasonal aspects of our business.

 

Available Information

 

Our corporate website at www.gaiam.com/corporate provides information about Gaiam, its history, goals and philosophy, as well as certain financial reports and corporate press releases.  Our www.gaiam.com website features a library of information and articles on personal development, healthy lifestyles and environmental issues, along with an extensive offering of products and services.  We believe our website provides us with an opportunity to deepen our relationships with our customers and investors, educate them on a variety of issues, and improve our service.  As part of this commitment, we have added a link on our corporate website to our Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including our reports on Form 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K and all amendments to such reports.  Those reports are available through our website, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

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We have included our website addresses only as inactive textual reference, and the information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into the Form 10-K.

 

Factors That May Affect Future Results

 

We wish to caution you that there are risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to be materially different from those indicated by forward looking statements that we make from time to time in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, news releases, reports, proxy statements, registration statements and other written communications as well as oral forward looking statements made from time to time by our representatives.  These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks described below.  Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or those we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations and historical results are not necessarily an indication of the future results.  The cautionary statements below discuss important factors that could cause our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows to be materially adversely affected.

 

Changes in general economic conditions could have a material impact on our business

 

Our results of operations could be impacted by changes in overall economic conditions that impact consumer spending.  Future economic conditions affecting disposable income such as employment levels, consumer confidence, business conditions, stock market volatility, weather conditions, acts of terrorism, threats of war, and interest and tax rates could reduce consumer spending or cause consumers to shift their spending to our competitors.  If the current economic conditions and performance of the retail and media environment do not improve, or worsen, we may experience material adverse impacts on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

Increased competition could impact our financial results

 

We believe that the LOHAS market has thousands of small, local and regional businesses. Some smaller businesses may be able to more effectively personalize their relationships with customers, thereby gaining a competitive advantage. Although we believe that we do not compete directly with any single company that offers our entire range of merchandise, within each merchandise category we have competitors and we may face competition from new entrants. Some of our competitors or our potential competitors may have greater financial and marketing resources. In addition, larger, well-established and well-financed entities may acquire, invest in or form joint ventures with our competitors. Increased competition from these or other competitors could negatively impact our business.

 

Changing consumer preferences may have an adverse effect on our business

 

Our business is targeted at consumers who assign high value to personal development, healthy lifestyles, responsible media, renewable energy and the environment. A decrease of consumer interest in purchasing goods and services that promote the values we espouse would materially and adversely affect our customer base and sales revenues and, accordingly, our financial prospects. Further, consumer preferences are difficult to predict. Our future success depends in part on our ability to anticipate and respond to changes in consumer preferences and we may not respond in a timely or commercially appropriate manner to such changes. Failure to anticipate and respond to changing consumer preferences could lead to, among other things, lower sales of our products, increased merchandise returns and lower margins, which would have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

We may face quarterly and seasonal fluctuations that could harm our business

 

Our revenue and results of operations have fluctuated and will continue to fluctuate on a quarterly basis as a result of a number of factors, including the timing of catalog offerings, timing of orders from retailers, recognition of costs or net sales contributed by new merchandise and catalog offerings, fluctuations in response rates, fluctuations in paper, production and postage costs and expenses, merchandise returns, adverse weather conditions that affect distribution or shipping, shifts in the timing of holidays and changes in our merchandise mix. In particular, our net sales and profits have historically been higher during the fourth quarter holiday season. We believe that this seasonality will continue in the future.

 

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Our strategy of offering branded products could lead to inventory risk and higher costs

 

An important part of our strategy is to feature branded products. These products are sold under our brand names and are manufactured to our specifications. We expect our reliance on branded merchandise to increase. The use of branded merchandise requires us to incur costs and risks relating to the design and purchase of products, including submitting orders earlier and making longer initial purchase commitments.

 

In addition, the use of branded merchandise limits our ability to return unsold products to vendors, which can result in higher markdowns in order to sell excess inventory. Our commitment to customer service typically results in us keeping a high level of merchandise in stock so we can fill orders immediately. Consequently, we run the risk of having excess inventory, which may also contribute to higher markdowns. Our failure to successfully execute a branded merchandise strategy or to achieve anticipated profit margins on these goods, or a higher than anticipated level of overstocks, may materially adversely affect our revenues.

 

We offer our customers liberal merchandise return policies. Our consolidated financial statements include a reserve for anticipated merchandise returns, which is based on historical return rates. It is possible that actual returns may increase as a result of factors such as the introduction of new merchandise, changes in merchandise mix or other factors. Any increase in our merchandise returns will correspondingly reduce our revenues.

 

Acquisitions may harm our financial results

 

Acquisitions have been part of our growth and may continue to be part of our growth in the future.  These acquisitions may be of entire companies, controlling interests in companies or of minority interests in companies where we intend to invest as part of a strategic alliance. If we are not successful in integrating companies that we acquire or are not able to generate adequate sales from the acquired entities, our business could be materially and adversely affected

 

The loss of the services of our key personnel could disrupt our business

 

We depend on the continued services and performance of our senior management and other key personnel, particularly Jirka Rysavy and Lynn Powers.  Our strategy of allowing the management teams of some acquired companies to continue to exercise significant management responsibility for those companies makes it important that we retain key employees, particularly the sales and creative teams, of the companies we might acquire.

 

Our founder and chief executive officer Jirka Rysavy controls Gaiam

 

Mr. Rysavy holds 100% of Gaiam’s 5,400,000 outstanding shares of class B common stock and also owns 2,136,200 shares of class A common stock. The shares of class B common stock are convertible into shares of class A common stock at any time. Each share of class B common stock has ten votes per share, and each share of class A common stock has one vote per share.  Consequently, Mr. Rysavy is able to vote a majority of our stock, and will be able to exert substantial influence over Gaiam and to control matters requiring approval by the shareholders of Gaiam, including the election of directors, increasing our authorized capital stock, or a merger or sale of our assets. As a result of Mr. Rysavy’s control, no change of control of Gaiam can occur without Mr. Rysavy’s consent.

 

Our success depends on the value of the Gaiam brand

 

Because of our reliance on sales of proprietary products, our success depends on the Gaiam brand. Building and maintaining recognition of the Gaiam brand are important to attracting and expanding our customer base. If the value of the Gaiam brand were adversely affected, we cannot be certain that we will be able to attract new customers, retain existing customers or encourage repeat purchases, and if the value of our brand were to diminish, our revenues, results of operations and prospects would be adversely affected.

 

Disputes concerning media content and intellectual property may adversely affect us

 

Most of our media content is subject to arrangements with third parties pursuant to which we have licensed certain rights to use and distribute media content owned by third parties or have licensed to third parties certain rights to use and distribute media content that we own.  In addition, we have a number of agreements with third parties concerning the use of our media content and intellectual property, including agreements regarding royalties, distribution, duplication, etc. Allegations that we do not have rights to use media content and other disputes arising from such arrangements can be costly and may have a material adverse impact on our results.

 

10



 

We are dependent on third party suppliers for the success of our proprietary products

 

We are dependent on the success of our proprietary products, and we rely on a select group of manufacturers to provide us with sufficient quantities to meet our customer’s demands in a timely manner, produce these products in a humane and safe environment for both their workers and the planet, maintain quality standards consistent with the Gaiam brand, and meet certain pricing guarantees.  Our sourcing of these products overseas continues to increase, and these arrangements carry risks associated with relying on products manufactured outside of the U.S., including political unrest and trade restrictions, currency fluctuations, transportation difficulties, work stoppages, and other uncertainties.  In addition, a number of our suppliers are small companies, and some of these vendors may not have sufficient capital, resources or personnel to increase their sales to us or to meet our needs for increased commitments from them. The failure of our suppliers to provide sufficient quantities of our proprietary products could decrease our revenues, increase our costs, and damage our customer service reputation.

 

We rely on communications and shipping networks to deliver our products

 

Given our emphasis on customer service, the efficient and uninterrupted operation of order-processing and fulfillment functions is critical to our business. To maintain a high level of customer service, we rely heavily on a number of different outside service providers, such as printers, telecommunications companies and delivery companies. Any interruption in services from our principal outside service providers, including delays or disruptions resulting from labor disputes, power outages, human error, adverse weather conditions or natural disasters, could materially adversely affect our business.  In addition, products that we source overseas must be shipped to our distribution center by freight carriers, and a work stoppage or political unrest could adversely affect our ability to fulfill our customer orders.

 

Information systems upgrades or integrations may disrupt our operations or financial reporting

 

We continually evaluate and upgrade our management information systems, which are critical to our business. These systems assist in processing orders, managing inventory, purchasing and shipping merchandise on a timely basis, responding to customer service inquiries, and gathering and analyzing operating data by business segment, customer, and SKU (a specific identifier for each different product). We are required to continually update these systems. Furthermore, if we acquire other companies, we will need to integrate the acquired companies’ systems with ours, a process that could be time-consuming and costly. If our systems cannot accommodate our growth or if they fail, we could incur substantial expenses.

 

Additionally, our success in e-commerce will depend upon our ability to provide a compelling and satisfying shopping experience. To remain competitive, we must continue to enhance and improve the responsiveness, functionality and features of our online technology.

 

A material security breach could cause us to lose sales, damage our reputation or result in liability to us

 

Our computer servers may be vulnerable to computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions. We may need to expend significant additional capital and other resources to protect against a security breach or to alleviate problems caused by any breaches. Our relationships with our customers may be adversely affected if the security measures that we use to protect personal information such as credit card numbers are ineffective. We currently rely on security and authentication technology that we license from third parties. We may not prevent all security breaches.

 

Our systems may fail or limit user traffic, which would cause us to lose sales

 

We support most of our business through our call center in Broomfield, Colorado. Even though we have back up arrangements, we are dependent on our ability to maintain our computer and telecommunications equipment in this center in effective working order and to protect against damage from fire, natural disaster, power loss, telecommunications failure or similar events. In addition, growth of our customer base may strain or exceed the capacity of our computer and telecommunications systems and lead to degradations in performance or systems failure. We have experienced capacity constraints and failure of information systems in the past that have resulted in decreased levels of service delivery or interruptions in service to customers for limited periods of time. Although we continually review and consider upgrades to our technical infrastructure and provide for system redundancies and backup power to limit the likelihood of systems overload or failure, substantial damage to our systems or a systems failure that causes interruptions for a number of days could adversely affect our business. Additionally, if we are

 

11



 

unsuccessful in updating and expanding our infrastructure, including our call center, our ability to grow may be constrained.

 

If the protection of our Internet domain names is inadequate, our brand recognition could be impaired and we could lose customers

 

We currently hold various Internet domain names relating to our brand, including www.gaiam.com and www.gaia.com. The acquisition and maintenance of domain names is regulated by governmental agencies and their designees. The regulation of domain names in the U.S. and in foreign countries is changing and is expected to continue to change in the future. As a result, we may not be able to acquire or maintain the domain names we want in all countries in which we seek to conduct business. Furthermore, we may be unable to prevent third parties from acquiring domain names whose similarity decreases the value of our trademarks and proprietary rights. Loss of our Internet domain names could adversely affect our ability to develop brand recognition.

 

Government regulation of the Internet and E-commerce is evolving and unfavorable changes could harm our business

 

We are subject to general business regulations and laws, as well as regulations and laws specifically governing the Internet and E-commerce. Such existing and future laws and regulations may impede the growth of the Internet or other online services.  These regulations and laws may cover taxation, user privacy, pricing, content, copyrights, distribution, consumer protection, the provision of online payment services and quality of products and services.  There is lack of clarity on how existing laws governing issues such as property ownership, sales and other taxes and personal privacy apply to the Internet and E-commerce.  Unfavorable resolution of these issues may harm our business.

 

We may face legal liability for the content contained on our website

 

We could face legal liability for defamation, negligence, copyright, patent or trademark infringement, personal injury or other claims based on the nature and content of materials that we publish or distribute on our website. If we are held liable for damages for the content on our website, our business may suffer. Further, one of our goals is for www.gaiam.com to be a trustworthy and dependable provider of information and services. Allegations of impropriety, even if unfounded, could therefore have a material adverse effect on our reputation and our business.

 

Relying on our centralized fulfillment center could expose us to losing revenue

 

Prompt and efficient fulfillment of our customers’ orders is critical to our business. Our facility in Cincinnati, Ohio handles our fulfillment functions and some customer-service related operations, such as returns processing. A majority of our orders are filled and shipped from the Cincinnati facility. The balance is shipped directly from suppliers. Because we rely on a centralized fulfillment center, our fulfillment functions could be severely impaired in the event of fire, extended adverse weather conditions, transportation difficulties or natural disasters. Because we recognize revenue only when we ship orders, interruption of our shipping would diminish our revenues.

 

Postage and shipping costs may increase and therefore increase our expenses

 

We ship our products, catalogs, and lifestyle publications to consumers and the cost of shipping is a material expenditure. Postage and shipping prices increase periodically and can be expected to increase in the future. Any inability to secure suitable or commercially favorable prices or other terms for the delivery of our merchandise and catalogs could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our business is subject to reporting requirements that are currently evolving and, once established, could substantially increase our operating expenses.

 

Because our common stock is publicly traded, we are subject to certain rules and regulations of federal, state and financial market exchange entities charged with the protection of investors and the oversight of companies whose securities are publicly traded.  These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and the Nasdaq, have recently issued new requirements and regulations and are currently developing additional regulations and requirements in response to recent laws enacted by Congress, most notably the Sarbanes-

 

12



 

Oxley Act of 2002.  As certain rules are not yet finalized, we do not know the level of resources we would have to commit in order to be in compliance.  Our compliance with current and proposed rules, such as Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, is likely to require the commitment of significant financial and managerial resources and additional expense to Gaiam.

 

MANAGEMENT

 

Directors and Executive Officers

 

Our executive officers and directors, their respective ages as of December 31, 2003 and their positions are as follows:

 

NAME

 

AGE

 

POSITION

Jirka Rysavy

 

49

 

Founder, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

Lynn Powers

 

54

 

President, Director and CEO of North American operations

James Argyropoulos (1) (2)

 

59

 

Director

Barnet M. Feinblum (1) (2)

 

56

 

Director

Barbara Mowry (1) (2)

 

56

 

Director

Paul H. Ray  (1)

 

64

 

Director

 


(1)          Member of the Compensation Committee

(2)          Member of the Audit Committee

 

JIRKA RYSAVY – Founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Gaiam. He has been Chairman since Gaiam’s inception and became the full-time Chief Executive Officer in December 1998.  In 1986, Mr. Rysavy founded Corporate Express, Inc., which, under his leadership, grew to become a Fortune 500 company supplying office and computer products and services.  He was its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer until September 1998.  Mr. Rysavy also founded and served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Crystal Market, a health foods market, which was sold in 1987 to become the first Wild Oats Markets store.

 

LYNN POWERS – President, Director and Chief Executive Officer of North American operations of Gaiam.  Ms. Powers has been President and a Director since February 1996.  From February 1996 until September 2001, she was Chief Operating Officer, when she was promoted to Chief Executive Officer of North American operations.  From 1992 to 1996, she was Chief Executive Officer of La Scelta, an importer of natural fiber clothing products. Before that, Ms. Powers was Senior Vice President Marketing/Strategic Development and Vice President Merchandising of Miller’s Outpost, a specialty retailer.

 

JAMES ARGYROPOULOS – Director since May 2002. Mr. Argyropoulos is the founder and Chairman of The Walking Company, a lifestyle specialty retailer. Previously Mr. Argyropoulos served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Cherokee Group Inc., a shoe manufacturing and apparel business he founded in 1972.

 

BARNET M. FEINBLUM – Director since October 1999.  Mr. Feinblum is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Organic Vintners, a marketer of organic wines.  Mr. Feinblum was the President, Chief Executive Officer and Director of Horizon Organic Dairy from May 1995 to January 2000.  From July 1993 through March 1995, Mr. Feinblum was the President of Natural Venture Partners, a private investment company.  From August 1976 until August 1993, Mr. Feinblum held various positions at Celestial Seasonings, Inc., including President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman of the Board.  Mr. Feinblum is also a director of Seventh Generation, Inc.

 

BARBARA MOWRY – Director since October 1999.  Since 2003, Ms. Mowry has been CEO of Silver Creek Systems, Inc., a provider of data quality management software. From November 1997 until February 2001, Ms. Mowry was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Requisite Technology, a business-to-business e-commerce company specializing in the creation and management of electronic content and catalogs.  Prior to joining Requisite Technology, Ms. Mowry was an officer of Telecommunications, Inc. (cable television) from 1995 to 1997.  In 1990, Ms. Mowry founded, and until 1995 served as Chief Executive Officer of The Mowry Company, a relationship marketing firm focusing on the development of long-term customer relationships for businesses.

 

PAUL H. RAY – Director since October 1999.  Since 2000, Mr. Ray has been the Chief Executive Officer of Integral Partnerships LLC, a consulting firm specializing in Cultural Creative topics.  From November 1986 until

 

13



 

December 2000, he was Executive Vice President of American LIVES, Inc., a market research and opinion-polling firm.  Prior to joining American LIVES, Mr. Ray was Chief of Policy Research on Energy Conservation at the Department of Energy, Mines and Resources of the Government of Canada from 1981 to 1983. From 1973 to 1981, Mr. Ray was Associate Professor of Urban Planning at the University of Michigan.  He is the author of “The Integral Culture Survey,” which first identified the Cultural Creatives subculture.

 

Each director serves a one-year term. Each officer serves at the discretion of the Board of Directors. There are no family relationships among any of the directors or officers of Gaiam.

 

Item 2.                                                           Properties

 

Our principal executive offices are located in Broomfield, Colorado.  Our fulfillment center is located in the Cincinnati, Ohio area. This facility houses most of our fulfillment functions. We selected the Cincinnati site after considering the availability and cost of facilities and labor, proximity to major highways, air delivery hubs and support of local government of new businesses. We also believe that Cincinnati is ideal for providing the low cost shipping available from a single central point to a customer base that conforms to the overall U.S. population.

 

The following table sets forth certain information relating to our primary facilities, all of which are leased:

 

Primary Locations

 

Size

 

Use

 

Lease Expiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broomfield, CO

 

36,000 sq. ft.

 

Headquarters and customer service

 

May 2005

Cincinnati, OH

 

208,000 sq. ft.

 

Fulfillment center

 

March 2006

Venice, CA

 

800 sq. ft.

 

Media/sales office

 

July 2005

Hopland, CA

 

12 acres

 

Renewable energy demo site

 

Owned

 

We have options to renew the leases for our headquarters and our fulfillment center.  We believe our facilities are adequate to meet our current needs and that suitable additional facilities will be available for lease or purchase when, and as, we need them.

 

Item 3.                                                           Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, Gaiam is involved in legal proceedings that we consider to be in the normal course of business.  We do not believe that any of these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Item 4.                                                           Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

No matters were brought to a vote of our stockholders in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003.

 

Part II

 

Item 5.                                                           Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Stock Price History

 

Gaiam’s Class A common stock has been quoted on the NASDAQ under the symbol “GAIA” since our initial public offering on October 29, 1999.  On February 27, 2003 we had 8,687 stockholders of record and 9,216,027 shares of $.0001 par value Class A common stock outstanding. We have 5,400,000 shares of $.0001 par value Class B common stock outstanding, held by one shareholder.

 

The following table sets forth certain sales price and trading volume data for Gaiam’s Class A common stock for the period indicated:

 

14



 

 

 

High Bid

 

Low Bid

 

Close

 

Average
Daily
Volume

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal 2003:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

6.16

 

$

4.90

 

$

5.95

 

10,917

 

Third Quarter

 

$

7.10

 

$

4.77

 

$

5.77

 

20,852

 

Second Quarter

 

$

6.75

 

$

4.40

 

$

5.92

 

32,598

 

First Quarter

 

$

11.24

 

$

4.00

 

$

5.37

 

50,411

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal 2002:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

12.11

 

$

9.40

 

$

10.37

 

26,031

 

Third Quarter

 

$

15.22

 

$

8.05

 

$

11.47

 

32,811

 

Second Quarter

 

$

18.45

 

$

13.00

 

$

14.64

 

42,002

 

First Quarter

 

$

23.81

 

$

15.00

 

$

18.42

 

53,027

 

 

Dividend Policy

 

Gaiam has never declared or paid any cash dividends on its capital stock.  Gaiam currently intends to retain earnings to support its growth strategy and does not anticipate paying cash dividends in the foreseeable future.  In addition, our bank credit agreement prohibits payment of any dividends to our shareholders.

 

Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

In January 2003, Gaiam acquired a 50.1% interest in Leisure Systems International, Ltd., a U.K. based distributor and marketer of lifestyle products, for approximately $4.3 million in cash and 50,000 shares of Gaiam Class A common stock, which were issued to Leisure System’s selling shareholders.  These shares were issued pursuant to an exemption from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Plan Category

 

Number of securities
to be issued upon
exercise of outstanding
options, warrants and rights

 

Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights

 

Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation plans

 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

 

1,704,680

 

$

7.52

 

395,320

 

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

 

 

 

Total

 

1,704,680

 

$

7.52

 

395,320

 

 

Item 6.                                                           Selected Financial Data

 

The selected statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001 and balance sheet data as of December 31, 2003 and 2002 set forth below are derived from Gaiam’s audited consolidated financial statements which are included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.  The selected statement of operations for the years ended December 31, 2000 and 1999 and balance sheet data as of December 31, 2001, 2000 and 1999 set forth below are derived from Gaiam’s audited consolidated financial statements which are not included in this Form 10-K.  The historical operating results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other period.  The data set forth below should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Gaiam’s consolidated financial statements and related notes, included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

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GAIAM, INC.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

2000

 

1999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement of Operations Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

 

$

102,000

 

$

111,406

 

$

98,737

 

$

60,588

 

$

45,725

 

Cost of goods sold

 

48,927

 

45,475

 

39,276

 

23,793

 

18,176

 

Gross profit

 

53,073

 

65,931

 

59,461

 

36,795

 

27,549

 

Selling, operating, general and administrative expenses

 

54,355

 

57,180

 

52,849

 

32,367

 

25,425

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(1,282

)

8,751

 

6,612

 

4,428

 

2,124

 

Other income (loss)

 

546

 

(261

)

346

 

(283

)

606

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and minority interest

 

(736

)

8,490

 

6,958

 

4,145

 

2,730

 

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(461

)

3,002

 

2,498

 

1,556

 

1,063

 

Minority interest in net (income) loss of consolidated subsidiary, net of tax

 

(697

)

(40

)

(404

)

60

 

51

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(972

)

$

5,448

 

$

4,056

 

$

2,649

 

$

1,718

 

Net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.39

 

$

0.33

 

$

0.24

 

$

0.20

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.38

 

$

0.32

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.19

 

Shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

14,594

 

14,107

 

12,396

 

10,858

 

8,785

 

Diluted

 

14,594

 

14,489

 

12,809

 

11,525

 

9,119

 

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

2000

 

1999

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

8,384

 

$

11,422

 

$

22,244

 

$

8,579

 

$

3,877

 

Working capital

 

29,531

 

33,944

 

41,403

 

15,269

 

5,911

 

Total assets

 

91,860

 

91,167

 

87,884

 

48,353

 

27,260

 

Long-term debt (net of current maturities)

 

 

55

 

238

 

5,770

 

2,109

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

69,485

 

69,371

 

58,633

 

18,111

 

14,951

 

 

Item 7.                                                           Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of Gaiam’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document.  This section is designed to provide information that will assist readers in understanding Gaiam’s consolidated financial statements, changes in certain items in those statements from year to year, the primary factors that caused those changes and how certain accounting principles, policies and estimates affect the consolidated financial statements.

 

Overview and Outlook

 

Gaiam is a multi-channel lifestyle company providing information, goods and services to customers who value personal development, healthy living, ecological lifestyles and responsible media. Gaiam was incorporated in Boulder, Colorado in 1988 to support “Conscious Commerce,” the practice of making purchasing decisions based on lifestyle and personal values.  In 1995, Gaiam began to expand nationally.  In 1996, Gaiam made a large investment in infrastructure and operating systems to support rapid growth. From 1997 to 2003, Gaiam’s revenues increased from $19.9 million to $102 million, representing a compound annual growth rate of 31.3%.

 

Gaiam’s revenues declined 8.4% to $102 million in 2003, as compared to $111.4 million in 2002.  The decline in revenues was primarily attributable to a decline of 34%, or $19 million, in sales to retailers.  During 2003, sales to distributors declined $11.8 million as a result of the exclusion of our Healing Arts branded accessories in the fitness pallet in Costco for Holiday, and the transition of Bed, Bath and Beyond from a distributor relationship to

 

16



 

direct.  This required Gaiam to take back inventory from our distributor and reset the floor for Bed, Bath and Beyond.  Additionally, Gaiam’s sales to mall-based stores, such as the Discovery Channel Stores, declined approximately $4.2 million.  These declines took place in our business segment, which has had higher operating contributions in prior years than our direct to consumer segment.  With more of the revenue contributed by those divisions with lower gross margins, the overall gross margin declined to 52%.  Gaiam used 2003 as a transition year in order to make adjustments to our business strategy by doubling our sales force, adding new product categories, launching sales to additional retail chains within the business segment, and consolidating our operations and reducing expenses in order to focus on profitability in all segments in the future.  Although Gaiam reported a net loss of approximately $972 thousand in 2003, its first net loss since becoming a public company, Gaiam generated $3.7 million in cash provided by operations, compared to $1 million cash provided by operations in 2002, when Gaiam had net income of $5.4 million.

 

Gaiam has increased its focus on its media and national retailer channels, which strategically provides increased branding opportunities, higher operating contribution and greater mainstream penetration.  In 2003, our business segment was 51% of total revenues, up from 13% in 1998.  During 2004, Gaiam will focus on selling directly to retailers through the “store-within-store” concept and building this segment through a combination of new media releases and new product opportunities in soft goods and spa products, along with an expansion in mass market retailers and bookstores, and new launches into the grocery and the professional markets.

 

As part of our strategy to grow the business segment, in 2003 Gaiam acquired a 50.1% interest in Leisure Systems International (“LSI”), a distributor of wellness products based in the U.K.  Total consideration for the acquisition was approximately $4,300,000 in cash and 50,000 shares of Gaiam Class A common stock.  Results from operations of LSI are included in the Consolidated Financial Statements of Gaiam from the effective acquistion date of January 1, 2003.  It is anticipated that LSI will be able to launch our media and employ a sales strategy in the U.K. retail market that is similar to Gaiam’s “store-within-store” presentation in the U.S.

 

The direct to consumer segment continues to be an integral part of Gaiam’s outreach.  This segment accounted for 49%, or approximately $50.5 million, of Gaiam’s revenues during 2003.  Revenues for the Gaiam’s catalog and website operations remained relatively flat as compared to 2002.  Although this segment did not see much growth in 2003, it remains the base for Gaiam.  Circulation of 15 million catalogs provides branding, a sounding board for new product testing, promotional opportunities and customer feedback on Gaiam’s and the LOHAS industry’s focus and future.

 

Even with the shift to our business segment, Gaiam’s gross margin remained strong at 52% primarily because of our continued focus on higher margin proprietary products.  In 2003, over 62% of our sales were comprised of proprietary products, up from 53% in 2001.

 

Gaiam anticipates both a return to positive internal growth and a return to profitability in 2004.  The negative internal growth experienced during 2003 has subsided and we anticipate that the internal growth rate will be approximately 5 to 10% in the first quarter of 2004 and finish the year around 10%.  Gaiam’s revenues will continue to be heavily weighted to the second half of the calendar year, so the majority of our earnings will continue to be generated during the third and fourth quarters.  Please see “Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations.”

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which require management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in Gaiam’s consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.  Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of this Form 10-K summarizes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of Gaiam’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Management believes the following to be critical accounting policies whose application has a material impact on Gaiam’s financial presentation, and involve a higher degree of complexity, as they require management to make judgments and estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain.

 

Provision for Doubtful Accounts

 

Gaiam records a provision for doubtful accounts for all receivables not expected to be collected.  Gaiam generally does not require collateral.  Gaiam evaluates the collectibility of the accounts receivable based on a combination of factors.  In circumstances when we are aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial

 

17



 

obligations (e.g. bankruptcy filings), Gaiam records a specific reserve for bad debts against amounts due.  For all other instances, Gaiam recognizes reserves based on historical experience and review of individual accounts outstanding.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory consists primarily of finished goods held for sale and is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. Gaiam identifies its inventory items to write down for obsolescence based on the item’s current sales status and condition.  If the item is discontinued or slow moving, it is written down based on an estimate of the markdown to retail price needed to sell through its current stock level.

 

Investments

 

Investments for which Gaiam does not have the ability to exercise significant influence, are accounted for under the cost method. Under the cost method of accounting, investments in private companies are carried at cost and are adjusted only for other-than-temporary declines in fair value.  Investments under the cost method are included on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet in “Investments.”

 

Capitalized Production Costs

 

Capitalized production costs include costs incurred to produce informational media products marketed by Gaiam to retail marketers and direct-mail customers.  These costs are deferred for financial reporting purposes until the media is released, then amortized over succeeding periods on the basis of estimated sales.  Historical sales statistics are the principal factor used in estimating the amortization rate.

 

Revenues

 

Revenue from the sale of products is recognized at the time merchandise is shipped to the customer.  Revenue for services provided, such as design consultation for solar installations, is recognized when the services are rendered.  Licensing revenue is recognized upon delivery of the media licensed.  Amounts billed to customers for postage and handling charges are recognized as revenue at the time that the revenues on the product shipments are recognized.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of assets acquired less liabilities assumed in a business acquisition.  In accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” goodwill is no longer amortized but is reviewed for impairment annually, or more frequently if impairment indicators arise, on a reporting unit level.  The fair value of a reporting unit is compared with its carrying amount, including goodwill.  If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired.

 

If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the goodwill impairment test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss.  Gaiam has allocated goodwill to two reporting units, and uses a market value method for the purposes of testing for potential impairment.  The annual review requires extensive use of financial judgment and estimates.  Application of alternative assumptions and definitions, such as a change in the composition of a reporting unit, could yield significantly different results

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth certain financial data as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:

 

18



 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

Net revenue

 

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

 

48.0

%

40.8

%

39.8

%

Gross profit

 

52.0

%

59.2

%

60.2

%

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and operating

 

44.3

%

42.9

%

45.5

%

Corporate, general and administrative

 

9.0

%

8.4

%

8.0

%

Total expenses

 

53.3

%

51.3

%

53.5

%

Income (loss) from operations

 

-1.3

%

7.9

%

6.7

%

Other income (expense), net

 

0.6

%

-0.3

%

0.3

%

Income (loss) before income taxes and minority interest

 

-0.7

%

7.6

%

7.0

%

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

-0.5

%

2.7

%

2.5

%

Minority interest in net (income) loss of consolidated subsidiary, net of tax

 

-0.7

%

0.0

%

-0.4

%

Net income(loss)

 

-0.9

%

4.9

%

4.1

%

 

Year ended December 31, 2003 compared to year ended December 31, 2002

 

Revenues declined 8.4% to $102 million in 2003 from $111.4 million in 2002.  The decrease is primarily attributable to a decline in sales to distributors of $11.8 million for 2003, which is more fully discussed above under “Overview and Outlook.”  As a result, business segment revenues declined 15% to $51.5 million in 2003 from $60.6 million in 2002.  The direct to consumer segment revenues remained flat at $50.5 million for 2003 compared to $50.8 million in 2002.

 

Gross profit, which consists of revenue less cost of sales (primarily merchandise acquisition costs and in-bound freight), decreased 19.5% to $53.1 million in 2003 from $65.9 million in 2002.  As a percentage of revenue, gross profit was 52% in 2003 compared to 59.2% in 2002.  This was primarily attributable to a shift in sales composition to our lower margin divisions, and from margin contraction in the business segment primarily due to a product shift to accessories.

 

Selling and operating expenses, which consist primarily of sales and marketing costs, commissions and fulfillment expenses decreased 5.6% to $45.2 million in 2003 from $47.8 million in 2002.  As a percentage of revenues selling and operating expenses increased to 44.3% in 2003 from 42.9% in 2002 primarily due to the lower revenue base, coupled with the cost of doubling the business segment sales force, which is expected to add incremental value in 2004.  Gaiam also completed its requisite warehouse management system conversion and the majority of its fulfillment consolidation from outside providers into its distribution facility in Ohio.

 

Corporate, general and administrative expenses decreased to $9.2 million for 2003 from $9.3 million in 2002, as a result of staffing reduction implemented in the first half of 2003.  As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 9% in 2003 from 8.4% in 2002 due to the lower sales base.

 

As a result of the factors described above, Gaiam posted an operating loss of $1.3 million for 2003, as compared to operating income of $8.8 million for 2002.

 

Gaiam recorded $546 thousand in other income during 2003, as compared to other expense of $261 thousand in 2002.  In 2003, other income resulted primarily from a gain on the purchase of stock rights and interest income generated on available cash.  Minority interest expense, net of income taxes, increased from $40 thousand in 2002 to $697 thousand in 2003 primarily due to positive operating results generated by Leisure Systems International, in which Gaiam purchased a 50.1% interest in January 2003.

 

Gaiam recorded an income tax benefit of $461 thousand on a pretax loss of $736 thousand for 2003, as compared to income tax expense of $3.0 million on pretax income of $8.5 million in 2002.

 

19



 

2003 was a year in which Gaiam focused on consolidating and improving its operations, refocused and restructured its sales efforts in its business segment, and positioned its media and product offerings for expansion into new markets. As a result of the above factors, Gaiam recorded a net loss of $972 thousand in 2003.  Despite this loss, Gaiam’s cash generated by operations grew to $3.7 million in 2003, from $1 million in 2002, when Gaiam recorded net income of $5.4 million.

 

Year ended December 31, 2002 compared to year ended December 31, 2001

 

Revenues increased 13% to $111.4 million in 2002 from $98.7 million in 2001.  Increased sales to national retail chains and proprietary products contributed towards Gaiam’s internal growth rate of 18% for the year.  The closure of some catalog operations and the multi-store retail operation we acquired in connection with the Real Goods transaction lowered our year-over-year sales growth comparison even after factoring in acquisition contribution.  During fiscal 2002 we reduced catalog circulation 14% as planned.  Business segment revenues increased to $60.6 million or 54% of sales in 2002, up from $47.5 million or 48% in 2001.

 

During 2002 Gaiam converted some distribution arrangements to licensing agreements and expanded licensing of its visual media assets for broadcast and pay per view in order to increase brand exposure and generate revenues.  In fiscal 2002, Gaiam recognized approximately $6 million in licensing revenues from Universal Studios, Koch, Conscious Media and Discovery Channel.  Our Canadian distributor Koch was converted to a media licensee.  If we had not converted Koch to a licensee, we would have recognized approximately $3 million in additional revenues in fiscal 2002. Costs to convert our visual media library for broadcast and licensing, including international conversion and formatting, and the cost to repurchase rights from Universal for Europe and Asia were expensed.

 

Gross profit increased 10.9% to $65.9 million in 2002 from $59.5 million during 2001.  As a percentage of revenue, gross profit was 59.2% in 2002 compared to 60.2 % in 2001.  The decline in gross profit percentage was primarily attributable to product mix diversification in our business segment and as a result of the business segment representing a greater percentage of total sales.  This segment carries lower gross margin but the operating contribution is higher.  Gaiam continues to pursue growth of its proprietary product offerings, on which Gaiam has better margins.

 

Selling and operating expenses increased 6.5%, which is less than the revenue increase of 13%, to $47.8 million in 2002 from $44.9 million in 2001.  As a percentage of revenues selling and operating expenses decreased to 42.9% in 2002 from 45.5% in 2001 primarily due to leverage associated with the increased percentage of sales from our business segment.

 

Corporate, general and administrative expenses increased to $9.3 million for 2002 from $7.9 million in 2001 mainly due to expansion to support Gaiam’s growth.  As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expenses increased to 8.4% in 2002 from 8.0% in 2001.

 

Operating income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 32% to $8.8 million or 7.9% of sales up from $6.6 million or 6.7% of sales in 2001.  Excluding the charges described above operating income for fiscal 2002 and 2001 was 9.4% and 8.1% of sales in 2002 and 2001, respectively.

 

Gaiam recorded $261 thousand in other expense during 2002, compared to other income of $346 thousand in 2001.  This was partly attributable to the loss of $182 thousand associated with the sales commission and other expenses paid on the sale of the Gaiam Yoga Center in 2002.  Minority interest share of net income was $40 thousand in 2002 and $404 thousand in 2001.  Minority interest changed year-over-year primarily due to Gaiam’s purchase of the remaining minority interests in Gaiam.com, Gaiam’s organic clothing business and two renewable energy businesses.

 

Gaiam’s income tax provision increased to $3.0 million in 2002, from $2.5 million in 2001 due to increased profits.

 

Net income, as a result of the factors described above, increased 34% to $5.4 million in 2002 from $4.1 million during 2001.

 

20



 

Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations

 

The following table sets forth our unaudited quarterly results of operations for each of the quarters in 2003 and 2002.  In management’s opinion, this unaudited financial information includes all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals and adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for the quarters presented.  This financial information should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.  The results of operations for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of future results of operations.

 

 

 

Fiscal  2003

 

 

 

First
Quarter

 

Second
Quarter

 

Third
Quarter

 

Fourth
Quarter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

22,971

 

$

20,352

 

$

23,534

 

$

35,143

 

Gross profit

 

12,324

 

10,815

 

12,270

 

17,663

 

Operating income (loss)

 

(400

)

(989

)

16

 

91

 

Net income (loss)

 

(353

)

(759

)

(201

)

341

 

Diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.02

)

$

(0.06

)

$

(0.01

)

$

0.02

 

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted

 

14,579

 

14,594

 

14,601

 

14,695

 

 

 

 

Fiscal  2002

 

 

 

First
Quarter

 

Second
Quarter

 

Third
Quarter

 

Fourth
Quarter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

24,284

 

$

24,067

 

$

25,794

 

$

37,261

 

Gross profit

 

14,269

 

14,182

 

15,030

 

22,450

 

Operating income

 

1,175

 

1,677

 

2,246

 

3,653

 

Net income

 

736

 

1,003

 

1,395

 

2,314

 

Diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.05

 

$

0.07

 

$

0.10

 

$

0.16

 

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted

 

14,532

 

14,468

 

14,376

 

14,622

 

 

Note:  The aggregate of certain of the above amounts differs from that reported for the full fiscal year due to the effects of rounding.

 

Quarterly fluctuations in Gaiam’s revenues and operating results are due to a number of factors, including the timing of new product introductions and mailings to customers, advertising, acquisitions (including costs of acquisitions and expenses related to integration of acquisitions), competition, pricing of products by vendors and expenditures on our systems and infrastructure.  The impact on revenue and operating results, due to the timing and extent of these factors, can be significant.  Our sales are also affected by seasonal influences.  On an aggregate basis, Gaiam generates its strongest revenues and net income in the fourth quarter due to increased holiday spending.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Gaiam’s capital needs arise from working capital required to fund our operations, capital expenditures related to replacements, expansions and improvements to Gaiam’s infrastructure, development of e-commerce, acquisitions of new businesses, and anticipated future growth.  These capital requirements depend on numerous factors, including the rate of market acceptance of Gaiam’s product offerings, the ability to expand Gaiam’s customer base, the cost of ongoing upgrades to Gaiam’s product offerings, the level of expenditures for sales and marketing, the level of investment in distribution and other factors.  The timing and amount of these capital requirements cannot accurately be predicted.  Additionally, Gaiam will continue to evaluate possible investments in businesses, products and technologies, and currently plans to expand sales and marketing programs and conduct more aggressive brand promotions.

 

In 2002 Gaiam executed a new credit agreement with Wells Fargo, which expires during 2005, and permits borrowings of up to $15 million based upon the collateral value of Gaiam’s accounts receivable, inventory and certain property and equipment.  Borrowings under the credit agreement bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 50 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points.  Borrowings are secured by a pledge of Gaiam’s assets, and the agreement contains various financial covenants, including covenants prohibiting the payment of cash dividends to

 

21



 

Gaiam shareholders and requiring maintenance of certain financial ratios.  At December 31, 2003, Gaiam had no amounts outstanding under this agreement, and was in compliance with all of the financial covenants.

 

Gaiam’s operating activities generated net cash of $3.7 million and $1.0 million in 2003 and 2002, respectively.  Gaiam’s net cash generated from operating activities for 2003 is primarily attributable to a decrease in accounts receivable of $5.9 million and non-cash charges for depreciation and amortization of $3.1 million, which were offset by the net loss of $972 thousand and the decreases in income taxes payable of $1.6 million and accrued liabilities of $1.8 million.  Gaiam’s net cash generated from operating activities for 2002 arose from net income of $5.4 million, a decrease in inventory of $679 thousand, and an increase in accounts payable of $2.2 million, which was offset primarily by an increase in accounts receivable of $5.6 million (associated with the growth in the business segment and increased sales to major national retailers) and an increase in capitalized production costs of $1.4 million.

 

Gaiam’s investing and acquisition activities used net cash of $6.7 million and $11.4 million during 2003 and 2002, respectively.  In January 2003, Gaiam acquired a 50.1% interest in Leisure Systems International, a distributor of wellness products based in the U.K.  Total consideration for the acquisition was approximately $4.3 million in cash and 50,000 shares of Gaiam Class A common stock.  In 2002, Gaiam acquired a majority interest in a catalog company for $600,000.  Gaiam also acquired the 49.9% interest in its Internet subsidiary Gaiam.com that it did not own previously and redeemed $6,000,000 of Gaiam.com’s redeemable preferred stock for $2,000,000 in cash and 500,000 shares of Gaiam Class A common stock.  Strategically, Gaiam exited the retreat and conference service business in 2002 by selling the Gaiam Yoga Center for $2.7 million.  Gaiam invested $7.8 million to acquire a minority interest in Conscious Media, Inc., (a multimedia company) as part of efforts to build brand equity through broadcast media.  A requirement of the Conscious Media investment stipulates that Conscious Media will broadcast content licensed from Gaiam under the Gaiam brand.

 

Gaiam’s financing activities used net cash of $218 thousand and $400 thousand in 2003 and 2002, respectively, primarily for payments under capitalized leases or repayment of other debt, which was partially offset by funds generated by the exercise of stock options.

 

We believe our available cash, cash expected to be generated from operations, and borrowing capabilities of $15 million (unused line of credit) should be sufficient to fund our operations on both a short-term and long-term basis.  However, our projected cash needs may change as a result of acquisitions, unforeseen operational difficulties or other factors.

 

In the normal course of our business, we investigate, evaluate and discuss acquisition, joint venture, minority investment, strategic relationship and other business combination opportunities in the LOHAS (Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability) market.  For any future investment, acquisition or joint venture opportunities, we may consider using then-available liquidity, issuing equity securities or incurring additional indebtedness.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Gaiam has commitments pursuant to lease and debt agreements, but does not have any commitments pursuant to long-term debt obligations or purchase obligations.  The following table shows our commitments to make future payments under operating and capital leases:

 

 

 

Total

 

< 1 year

 

1-3 years

 

3-5 years

 

> 5 yrs

 

Operating lease obligations

 

$

3,271,210

 

$

1,823,914

 

$

1,447,296

 

$

 

$

 

Capital lease obligations

 

54,528

 

54,528

 

 

 

 

Total contractual cash obligations

 

$

3,325,738

 

$

1,878,442

 

$

1,447,296

 

$

 

$

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Gaiam does not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as special purpose entities (“SPEs”) or variable interest entities (“VIEs”), which have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other limited purposes.  As of December 31, 2003, Gaiam is not involved in any unconsolidated SPEs or VIEs.

 

22



 

Item 7A.                Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

We are exposed to market risks, which include changes in U.S. interest rates and foreign exchange rates.  We do not engage in financial transactions for trading or speculative purposes.

 

Any borrowings we might make under our bank credit facility would bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 50 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points.  Gaiam does not have any amounts outstanding under its credit line, so any unfavorable change in interest rates would not have a material impact on Gaiam’s results from operations or cash flows unless Gaiam made borrowings in the future.

 

Gaiam purchases a significant amount of inventory from vendors outside of the U.S. in transactions that are primarily U.S. dollar transactions.  A small percentage of our international purchases are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar.  Any currency risks related to these transactions are immaterial to Gaiam.  A decline in the relative value of the U.S. dollar to other foreign currencies could, however, lead to increased purchasing costs.  In order to mitigate this exposure, Gaiam makes virtually all of its purchase commitments in U.S. dollars.

 

In 2003, Gaiam purchased a 50.1% interest in Leisure Systems International Limited, a U.K. based distributor.  Because Leisure Systems’ revenues are primarily denominated in foreign currencies, this investment exposes Gaiam to accounting risk associated with foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.  However, we have determined that there was no material market risk exposure to our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows as of December 31, 2003.

 

Item 8.                         Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

 

 

Index to Financial Statements

Page

 

 

Report of Independent Auditors

24

Consolidated Financial Statements:

Consolidated Balance Sheets

25

Consolidated Statements of Operations

26

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

27

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

28

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

29

 

 

Financial Statement Schedule:

 

Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

41

 

23



 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT AUDITORS

 

Stockholders and Board of Directors

Gaiam, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Gaiam, Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2003 and 2002, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2003.  Our audits also included the financial statement schedule II.  These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States.  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements.  An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Gaiam, Inc. at December 31, 2003 and 2002 and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2003, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.  Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denver, Colorado

 

 

 

 

 

February 19, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

24



 

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,383,934

 

$

11,422,435

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $801,182 in 2003 and $854,131 in 2002

 

17,818,513

 

20,950,394

 

Income tax and other receivables

 

2,090,785

 

1,949,832

 

Inventory, less allowances

 

16,629,078

 

14,768,045

 

Deferred advertising costs

 

1,648,560

 

2,417,211

 

Other current assets

 

1,280,461

 

1,194,484

 

Total current assets

 

47,851,331

 

52,702,401

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

10,313,835

 

9,543,231

 

Investments

 

7,865,192

 

7,865,192

 

Capitalized production costs, net

 

6,094,295

 

4,983,824

 

Media library, net

 

6,083,556

 

5,262,586

 

Goodwill and other intangibles

 

9,508,837

 

6,326,894

 

Deferred tax assets

 

3,487,820

 

3,714,845

 

Other assets

 

655,363

 

768,043

 

Total assets

 

$

91,860,229

 

$

91,167,016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

12,459,035

 

$

11,998,087

 

Accrued liabilities

 

4,904,465

 

5,204,438

 

Capital lease obligations, current

 

54,528

 

269,290

 

Income taxes payable

 

902,420

 

1,286,558

 

Total current liabilities

 

18,320,448

 

18,758,373

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital lease obligations, long-term

 

 

54,529

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

735,103

 

848,653

 

Other Liabilities

 

 

1,962,000

 

Total liabilities

 

19,055,551

 

21,623,555

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minority interest

 

3,319,872

 

172,481

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies :

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock, $.0001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 9,203,056 and 9,134,098 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively

 

920

 

913

 

Class B common stock, $.0001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 5,400,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2003 and 2002, respectively

 

540

 

540

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

53,831,750

 

53,343,046

 

Deferred compensation

 

(71,865

)

(143,865

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

524,870

 

 

Retained earnings

 

15,198,591

 

16,170,346

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

69,484,806

 

69,370,980

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

91,860,229

 

$

91,167,016

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

25



 

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

102,000,103

 

$

111,406,313

 

$

98,737,148

 

Cost of goods sold

 

48,926,933

 

45,475,702

 

39,275,985

 

Gross profit

 

53,073,170

 

65,930,611

 

59,461,163

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and operating

 

45,183,955

 

47,845,850

 

44,933,062

 

Corporate, general and administration

 

9,171,414

 

9,333,937

 

7,916,629

 

Total expenses

 

54,355,369

 

57,179,787

 

52,849,691

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

(1,282,199

)

8,750,824

 

6,611,472

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense)

 

471,768

 

(445,056

)

407,092

 

Interest income (expense)

 

73,965

 

184,436

 

(60,854

)

Other income (expense)

 

545,733

 

(260,620

)

346,238

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and minority interest

 

(736,466

)

8,490,204

 

6,957,710

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(461,356

)

3,001,773

 

2,497,817

 

Minority interest in net (income) loss of consolidated subsidiary, net of income taxes

 

(696,645

)

(40,443

)

(404,305

)

Net income (loss)

 

$

(971,755

)

$

5,447,988

 

$

4,055,588

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.39

 

$

0.33

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.38

 

$

0.32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares used in computing net income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

14,594,089

 

14,107,390

 

12,395,907

 

Diluted

 

14,594,089

 

14,488,783

 

12,808,631

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

26



 

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A

 

Class B

 

Additional

 

 

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Common Stock

 

Paid-In

 

Deferred

 

Comprehensive

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Compensation

 

Income

 

Earnings

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2000

 

5,473,184

 

$

547

 

5,400,000

 

$

540

 

$

11,865,734

 

$

(422,826

)

$

 

$

6,666,770

 

$

18,110,765

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return of capital to shareholder through purchase of SelfCare, Inc. and Earthlings, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

(3,073,061

)

 

 

 

(3,073,061

)

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

578,622

 

58

 

 

 

7,892,474

 

70,500

 

 

 

7,963,032

 

Shares issued in connection with secondary offering, including the underwriter’s overallotment

 

2,530,000

 

253

 

 

 

31,576,055

 

 

 

 

31,576,308

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,055,588

 

4,055,588

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2001

 

8,581,806

 

858

 

5,400,000

 

540

 

48,261,202

 

(352,326

)

 

10,722,358

 

58,632,632

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

552,292

 

55

 

 

 

5,081,844

 

208,461

 

 

 

5,290,360

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,447,988

 

5,447,988

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2002

 

9,134,098

 

913

 

5,400,000

 

540

 

53,343,046

 

(143,865

)

 

16,170,346

 

69,370,980

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

68,958

 

7

 

 

 

488,704

 

71,999

 

 

 

560,710

 

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(971,755

)

(971,755

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of income taxes of $144,314

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

524,870

 

 

524,870

 

Comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(446,885

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2003

 

9,203,056

 

$

920

 

5,400,000

 

$

540

 

$

53,831,750

 

$

(71,866

)

$

524,870

 

$

15,198,591

 

$

69,484,805

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

27



 

GAIAM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(971,755

)

$

5,447,988

 

$

4,055,588

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

2,594,262

 

1,966,127

 

2,225,312

 

Amortization

 

486,507

 

345,191

 

638,617

 

Website impairment charge

 

 

 

1,350,000

 

Stock compensation

 

72,000

 

324,670

 

390,912

 

Minority interest in consolidated subsidiaries

 

984,818

 

40,443

 

404,305

 

Non-cash gain on Gaiam.com stock redemption

 

(866,000

)

(189,334

)

 

Deferred tax expense

 

94,633

 

162,088

 

32,160

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

5,919,176

 

(5,366,885

)

(8,179,622

)

Inventory

 

(573,744

)

679,389

 

(6,716,208

)

Deferred advertising costs

 

768,651

 

(637,768

)

(45,511

)

Capitalized production costs

 

(1,110,471

)

(1,432,346

)

(894,812

)

Other current assets

 

(251,674

)

(704,638

)

664,226

 

Other assets

 

73,004

 

(592,676

)

(42,359

)

Accounts payable

 

(57,883

)

2,215,574

 

(2,302,266

)

Accrued liabilities

 

(1,845,333

)

(1,705,901

)

1,101,376

 

Income taxes payable

 

(1,603,241

)

474,495

 

753,498

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

3,712,950

 

1,026,417

 

(6,564,784

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property, equipment, and media rights

 

(2,861,872

)

(3,658,356

)

(1,232,321

)

Purchase of investments and stock rights

 

(115,000

)

(7,865,192

)

 

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment

 

 

2,748,292

 

 

Proceeds from sale (purchase) of stock in subsidiary

 

 

(2,000,000

)

 

Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 

(3,725,583

)

(672,684

)

(4,457,718

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(6,702,455

)

(11,447,940

)

(5,690,039

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal payments on capital leases

 

(347,571

)

(213,407

)

(144,358

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

129,715

 

178,041

 

31,576,308

 

Net payments on borrowings

 

 

(364,323

)

(5,512,148

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(217,856

)

(399,689

)

25,919,802

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effects of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents

 

168,860

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

(3,038,501

)

(10,821,212

)

13,664,979

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

 

11,422,435

 

22,243,647

 

8,578,668

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

 

$

8,383,934

 

$

11,422,435

 

$

22,243,647

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest paid

 

$

46,031

 

$

44,614

 

$

388,996

 

Income taxes paid

 

1,033,400

 

3,088,500

 

1,630,000

 

Common stock issued for acquisitions

 

347,500

 

4,905,000

 

6,664,834

 

Property and equipment acquired under capital lease

 

 

 

201,197

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

28



 

GAIAM, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Organization

 

Gaiam, Inc. (“Gaiam”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Colorado on July 7, 1988.  Gaiam is a multi-channel lifestyle company providing a broad selection of information, products and services to clients who value natural health, personal development, ecological lifestyles and responsible media.

 

Basis of Consolidation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Gaiam and its subsidiaries in which Gaiam’s ownership is greater than 50% and the subsidiary is considered to be under Gaiam’s control.  All material intercompany accounts and transaction balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include demand deposit accounts with financial institutions and all highly liquid investments, which mature within three months of date of purchase.  Cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximate fair value.

 

Provision for Doubtful Accounts

 

Gaiam records a provision for doubtful accounts for all receivables not expected to be collected.  Gaiam generally does not require collateral.  Gaiam evaluates the collectibility of the accounts receivable based on a combination of factors.  In circumstances when we are aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations (e.g. bankruptcy filings), Gaiam records a specific reserve for bad debts against amounts due.  For all other instances, Gaiam recognizes reserves based on historical experience and review of individual accounts outstanding.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory consists primarily of finished goods held for sale and is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. Gaiam identifies its inventory items to write down for obsolescence based on the item’s current sales status and condition.  If the item is discontinued or slow moving, it is written down based on an estimate of the markdown to retail price needed to sell through its current stock level.  The reserve for obsolescence was $818 thousand in 2003 and $772 thousand in 2002.

 

Advertising Costs

 

Deferred advertising costs relate to the preparation, printing and distribution of catalogs.  Such costs are deferred for financial reporting purposes until the catalogs are distributed, then amortized over succeeding periods on the basis of estimated sales.  Seasonal catalogs are amortized within seven months, while the amortization period for annual catalogs does not exceed one year.  Historical sales statistics are the principal factor used in estimating the amortization rate.  Other advertising and promotional costs are expensed as incurred.

 

In accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue No. 01-9, Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (Including a Reseller of the Vendor’s Products), Gaiam records sales discounts or other sales incentives as a reduction to revenues.  Gaiam identifies and records as expense those cooperative advertising expenses paid by Gaiam, which are for advertisements meeting the separable benefit and fair value tests, as part of selling and operating expense.

 

Amounts recorded as advertising expense, including those related to Gaiam's catalogs were $13.1 million, $13.4 million, and $11.2 million for the period ended December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001, respectively, and is included in selling and operating expense in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

29



 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization, which includes the amortization of assets recorded under capital leases.  Included in property and equipment is the cost of internal-use software, including software used in connection with Gaiam’s websites.  Gaiam expenses all costs related to the development of internal-use software other than those incurred during the application development stage in accordance with Statement of Position No. (“SOP”) 98-1, Accounting for Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use.  Costs incurred during the application development stage are capitalized and amortized over the estimated useful life of the software (generally five years).  Depreciation of property and equipment is computed on the straight-line method over estimated useful lives (generally five to ten years).  Property and equipment purchased under capital leases are amortized on a straight-line basis over the lesser of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

 

Investments

 

In 2002, Gaiam invested $7.8 million for a 15% interest in Conscious Media, Inc., a multimedia company.  Gaiam does not have significant influence over the management of Conscious Media, Inc. and accordingly has accounted for the investment on a cost basis in all reported periods.  Under the cost method of accounting, investments in private companies are carried at cost.  Gaiam evaluates its long-lived assets, including investments, on at least an annual basis to test for impairment or valuation issues, and concluded that, as of December 31, 2003 and 2002, no indicators of impairment were present.

 

Capitalized Production Costs

 

In accordance with SOP No. 00-2, “Accounting by Producers or Distributors of Films,” capitalized production costs consists of costs incurred to produce media content, net of accumulated amortization.  These costs, as well as participations costs, are recognized as operating expenses on an individual film basis in the ratio that the current year’s gross revenues bear to management’s estimate of total ultimate gross revenues from all sources to be earned over a seven year period.  Capitalized production costs are stated at the lower of unamortized cost or estimated fair value on an individual film basis.  Revenue forecasts are continually reviewed by management and revised when warranted by changing conditions.  When estimates of total revenues and other events or changes in circumstances indicate that a film has a fair value that is less than its unamortized cost, an impairment loss is recognized in the current period for the amount by which the unamortized cost exceeds the film’s fair value.  For all periods presented, there have been no impairment losses recorded.

 

As of December 31, 2003, capitalized production costs for released films were approximately $2.4 million, and for those films not yet released was approximately $395 thousand.  Additionally, as of December 31, 2003, Gaiam estimates that approximately $2.1 million in participation expenses and approximately $1.2 million or 21% of the unamortized costs for released films will be amortized during 2004, and approximately 64% of the unamortized costs for released films will be amortized within the next three years.  Accumulated amortization at December 31, 2003 and 2002 was approximately $4.4 million and $3.3 million, respectively.  Amortization expense for the years ending December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001 was $1.2 million, $1.2 million, and $533 thousand, respectively.  Based on the capitalized video production costs at December 31, 2003 and assuming no subsequent impairment of the underlying assets or a material increase in video productions, the annual amortization expense for the next five years is expected to approximate amounts recorded in historical periods.

 

Media Library

 

The media library asset represents both the cost of the library of produced videos acquired through a business combination, and the purchase price of media rights to both video and audio titles.  The media library is presented net of accumulated amortization of approximately $1.9 million and $1.4 million at December 31, 2003 and 2002, and it is being amortized over the estimated useful life of the titles, which range from five to fifteen years.  Amortization expense for the years ending December 31, 2003, 2002 and 2001 was $492 thousand, $345 thousand, and $244 thousand, respectively.  Based upon the acquired and capitalized media library costs at December 31, 2003 and assuming no subsequent impairment of the underlying assets or material additions thereto, the annual amortization expense for the next five years is expected to approximate $686 thousand per annum.

 

Goodwill

 

Gaiam adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, effective January 1, 2002.

 

The new standard requires that goodwill no longer be amortized, but tested for impairment at least annually.  These tests will be performed more frequently if there is a triggering event indicating potential impairment.  Prior to adoption of SFAS No. 142, goodwill was amortized on a straight-line basis over lives ranging from 10 to 20 years.  In 2001, goodwill amortization was approximately $401 thousand, or $0.02 per share.

 

30



 

SFAS No. 142 prescribes a two-step method for determining goodwill impairment.  In the first step, the fair value of the reporting unit is determined using a comparable companies market multiple approach.  If the net book value of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value, then the second part of the impairment test would be completed.  This involves an allocation of the reporting unit’s fair value to all of its assets and liabilities in a manner similar to a purchase price allocation, with any residual fair value being allocated to goodwill.  The fair value of the goodwill is then compared to its carrying amount to determine impairment.  An impairment charge will be recognized only when the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill is less than its carrying amount.

 

Gaiam has allocated all of its goodwill balance of $9.5 million at December 31, 2003 to its two reporting units, business and direct to consumer in the amounts of $4 million and $5.5 million, respectively.  At December 31, 2002, Gaiam allocated goodwill in the amounts of $862 thousand and $5.5 million, respectively, to its business and direct to consumer reporting units.  Goodwill is allocated to reporting units at the time of acquisition.

 

Gaiam completed its annual goodwill tests, using comparable company market multiples to establish the fair value of the reporting units, and found no goodwill impairment in either of its reporting units for 2003 and 2002.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

Gaiam evaluates impairment of its long-lived assets, other than goodwill, in accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets, which was adopted by Gaiam as of January 1, 2002.  Adoption of SFAS 144 had no effect on Gaiam’s financial position or its results of operations.  The carrying value of long-lived assets held and used, other than goodwill, is evaluated when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable.  The carrying value of a long-lived asset is considered impaired when the total projected undiscounted cash flows from such asset are separately identifiable and are less than the carrying value.  In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair market value of the long-lived asset.  Fair market value is determined primarily using the projected cash flows from the asset discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk involved.  Losses on long-lived assets held for sale, other than goodwill, are determined in a similar manner, except that fair market values are reduced for disposal costs.

 

At December 31, 2001, it was determined that the Interworld platform of the Gaiam.com website was impaired.  As a result, an impairment charge of $1.35 million was recorded in the direct to consumer segment.

 

Income Taxes

 

Gaiam provides for income taxes pursuant to the liability method as prescribed in Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes.  The liability method requires recognition of deferred income taxes based on temporary differences between financial reporting and income tax bases of assets and liabilities, using currently enacted income tax rates and regulations.

 

Revenues

 

Revenue from the sale of products is recognized at the time merchandise is shipped to the customer.  Revenue for services provided, such as design consultation for solar installations, is recognized when services are rendered.  Licensing revenue is recognized upon delivery of the media licensed.  Amounts billed to customers for postage and handling charges, which approximate $4.1million for 2003, $4.5 million for 2002, and $4.7 million for 2001 are recognized as revenue at the time that the revenues arising from the product being shipped are recognized.  Postage and handling costs, which approximate $3.6 million for 2003, $5.8 million for 2002, and $5.2 million for 2001, are included in selling and operating expense along with other fulfillment costs incurred to warehouse, package and deliver products to customers.  Gaiam provides a reserve for expected future returns at the time the sale is recorded based upon historical experience and future expectations.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The carrying amounts of Gaiam’s financial instruments, including cash, cash equivalents and trade receivables and payables, approximate their fair values.

 

31



 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes including the valuation of stated accounts receivable and inventory balances.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Gaiam accounts for its stock-based compensation arrangements under the provisions of Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (“APB No. 25”) and related interpretations, including FASB Interpretation No. 44, Accounting for Certain Transactions Involving Stock Compensation, rather than the alternative fair value accounting allowed by SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock Based Compensation.  Accordingly, no compensation expense is recognized in Gaiam’s consolidated financial statements in connection with stock options granted to employees with exercise prices not less than fair value.  Deferred compensation for options granted to employees is determined as the difference between the deemed fair market value of Gaiam’s common stock on the date options were granted and the exercise price.  For purposes of this pro-forma disclosure, the estimated fair value of options is assumed to be amortized to expense over the options’ vesting periods.

 

Compensation expense for options granted to non-employees has been determined in accordance with SFAS No. 123 as the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured.  Compensation expense for options granted to non-employees is periodically re-measured as the underlying options vest (in thousand, except per share data).

 

 

 

For the Years Ended
December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

Net income (loss) as reported

 

$

(971,755

)

$

5,447,988

 

$

4,055,588

 

Add: Stock-based compensation expense included in reported net income (loss), net of related tax effects

 

72,000

 

208,461

 

70,500

 

Deduct:  Total stock-based compensation expenses determined under fair value based method for all awards net of related tax effects

 

(160,721

)

(926,942

)

(577,644

)

Pro forma

 

$

(1,060,476

)

$

4,729,507

 

$

3,548,444

 

Net income (loss) per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As reported

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.39

 

$

0.33

 

Pro forma

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.34

 

$

0.29

 

Fully diluted net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As reported

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.38

 

$

0.32

 

Pro forma

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.33

 

$

0.30

 

 

Defined Contribution Plan

 

In 1999, Gaiam adopted a defined contribution retirement plan under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code, which covers substantially all employees.  Eligible employees may contribute amounts to the plan, via payroll withholding, subject to certain limitations.  The 401(k) plan permits, but does not require, additional matching contributions to the 401(k) plan by Gaiam on behalf of all participants in the 401(k) plan.  To date, Gaiam has not made any matching contributions to the 401(k) plan.

 

32



 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

Our foreign subsidiaries use their local currency as their functional currency.  Assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date.  Income and expense accounts are translated at the average monthly exchange rates during the year.  Resulting translation adjustments, net of income taxes, are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income.

 

Comprehensive Loss

 

SFAS No. 130, Reporting on Comprehensive Income (“FASB No. 130”) establishes standards for reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements.  Comprehensive income includes all changes in equity during a period from non-owner sources.   These include foreign currency translation adjustments, net of income taxes.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentations.

 

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share excludes any dilutive effects of options, warrants and dilutive securities.  Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common and common stock equivalent shares outstanding during the period.  Common equivalent shares are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2003 because their effect is antidilutive.  All earnings per share amounts for all periods have been presented and conform to the SFAS No. 128 requirements.

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

2001

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator for basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share

 

$

(971,755

)

$

5,447,988

 

$

4,055,588

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares for basic earnings (loss) per share

 

14,594,089

 

14,107,390

 

12,395,907

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average of common stock, stock options, and warrants

 

 

381,393

 

412,724

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominators for diluted earnings (loss) per share

 

14,594,089

 

14,488,783

 

12,808,631

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share–basic

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.39

 

$

0.33

 

Net income (loss) per share–diluted

 

$

(0.07

)

$

0.38

 

$

0.32

 

 

2.                                      Mergers and Acquisitions

 

On January 5, 2001, Gaiam acquired all of the stock of Earthlings, Inc. and Self Care, Inc., companies under common ownership with the Chief Executive Officer of Gaiam, at his company’s net investment cost plus transaction expenses.  As these companies were under common control, the purchase was accounted for using historical costs, similar to a pooling transaction.  The total combined purchase price for both companies was approximately $3.8 million.

 

On January 29, 2001, Gaiam completed its merger with Real Goods Trading Corporation.  In the tax-free stock-for-stock transaction, Real Goods shareholders received one share of Gaiam Class A common stock in exchange for ten shares of Real Goods stock owned.  The merger was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, and $3.8 million of goodwill was recorded.

 

33



 

On April 1, 2001, Gaiam purchased the remaining 30% equity interest in an organic clothing manufacturer, and on September 30, 2001 Gaiam purchased the remaining 49.9% interest in its two renewable energy businesses that it did not own previously.  Total consideration paid by Gaiam for these acquisitions was approximately $350 thousand in cash and 50,000 shares of Class A common stock, and as a result of the acquisitions, $1.1 million of goodwill was recorded.

 

In the third quarter of 2002, Gaiam acquired a majority interest in a catalog company for $600 thousand.  This acquisition was accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, and, since this company had negative net worth (liabilities exceeded assets), Gaiam recorded $2.9 million of goodwill.

 

Results from operations of these acquired companies are included in the consolidated financial statements of Gaiam from the effective acquisition dates.  The operating results for the 2002 and 2001 acquisitions were not significant to the overall consolidated Gaiam operations.

 

On January 20, 2003, Gaiam acquired a 50.1% interest in Leisure Systems International (“LSI”) Ltd., a U.K. based distributor and marketer of lifestyle products.  The total purchase price consists of the following (in thousands):

 

Cash

 

$

4,301

 

Gaiam Class A common stock – 50,000 shares

 

348

 

Acquisition, legal and accounting costs

 

393

 

Total purchase price

 

$

5,042

 

 

At the acquisition date, LSI met the accounting criteria to be considered a business combination as outlined in SFAS No. 141, Business Combinations.  Accordingly, Gaiam recorded the excess purchase price over the already allocated fair value of net assets acquired and intangible assets as goodwill.  The fair value assigned to intangible assets acquired was determined through established valuation techniques.

 

The following is a summary of the purchase price allocation (in thousands):

 

Tangible assets less liabilities

 

$

2,122

 

Intangible assets

 

50

 

Goodwill

 

2,870

 

Total purchase price

 

$

5,042

 

 

The results of operations of Leisure Systems International are included in the consolidated financial statements of Gaiam from the effective acquisition date of January 1, 2003.  The revenue generated by this acquisition for the twelve months ended December 31, 2003 was approximately $14.4 million.

 

3. Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment, stated at cost, consists of the following:

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

Land

 

$

3,100,000

 

$

3,100,000

 

Buildings

 

1,719,529

 

1,545,161

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

3,890,281

 

2,358,888

 

Leasehold improvements

 

1,563,826

 

855,373

 

Website development costs

 

3,761,262

 

3,761,262

 

Computer and telephone equipment

 

5,320,579

 

4,093,594

 

Vehicles

 

711,074

 

71,463

 

Warehouse equipment

 

710,155

 

590,861

 

 

 

20,776,706

 

16,376,602

 

Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(10,462,871

)

(6,833,371

)

 

 

$

10,313,835

 

$

9,543,231

 

 

In 2001, Gaiam.com recorded an impairment charge of $1.35 million against the Interworld platform of its website, which is recorded in selling and operating expenses.

 

34



 

In the second quarter of 2002, Gaiam sold the Gaiam Yoga Center, with a net book value of $2.9 million, for net proceeds of $2.7 million.

 

4. Leases

 

At December 31, 2003 and 2002, Gaiam’s property held under capital leases consisted of the following, which is included in property and equipment:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2003

 

2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warehouse equipment

 

$

 

$

40,229

 

Computer and telephone equipment

 

349,050

 

810,187

 

 

 

349,050

 

850,416

 

Accumulated amortization

 

(191,350

)

(490,293

)

 

 

$

157,700

 

$

360,123

 

 

Amortization expense for property held under capital leases was $137 thousand in 2003, $138 thousand in 2002 and $118 thousand in 2001.

 

Gaiam leases equipment and office, retail, and warehouse space through capital and operating leases.   Gaiam has renewal clauses in some of these leases, which range from 1 to 3 years.  The following schedule represents the annual future minimum payments, as of December 31, 2003:

 

 

 

Capital

 

Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2004

 

$

56,435

 

$

1,823,914

 

2005

 

 

1,237,718

 

2006

 

 

209,578

 

Total minimum lease payments

 

56,435

 

$

3,271,210

 

Less portion related to interest

 

(1,907

)