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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x       ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009

 

or

 

o          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                   to                  .

 

Commission File Number 0-27517

 

GAIAM, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

COLORADO

 

84-1113527

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

833 WEST SOUTH BOULDER ROAD
LOUISVILLE, CO 80027
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(303) 222-3600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Class A Common Stock, $.0001 par value

 

NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  YES o  NO x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  YES o  NO x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  YES x  NO o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o  No o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” ,“accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)  YES o  NO x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $87,997,963 as of June 30, 2009, based upon the closing price on the NASDAQ Global Market on that date.  The registrant does not have non-voting common equity.

 

As of March 11, 2010, 17,778,822 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock and 5,400,000 shares of the registrant’s Class B common stock were outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The following documents (or portions thereof) are incorporated by reference into the Parts of this Form 10-K noted:

 

Part III incorporates by reference from the definitive proxy statement for the registrant’s 2010 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Form.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

GAIAM, INC.

 

Annual Report on Form 10-K

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2009

 

INDEX

 

 

 

Page
Number

PART I

 

 

Item 1.

Business

3

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

9

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

13

Item 2.

Properties

14

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

14

Item 4.

Reserved

14

 

 

 

PART II

 

14

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

14

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

17

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

26

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

27

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

49

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

49

Item 9B.

Other Information

50

 

 

 

PART III

 

50

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

50

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

50

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

50

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

50

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

50

 

 

 

PART IV

 

50

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

50

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

53

 

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Part I

 

Item 1.  Business

 

Our Business

 

We are a lifestyle media company providing a broad selection of information, media, products and services to customers who value personal development, wellness, ecological lifestyles, and responsible media. We offer our customers the ability to make purchasing decisions and find responsible content based on these values while providing quality offerings at a price comparable to mainstream alternatives. We market our content, media and products through a multi-channel approach including traditional and digital media channels, direct to consumers via catalogs, the Internet, direct response television, broadband, subscriptions and communities as well as traditional retail stores. At the end of 2009, our home media was carried by approximately 70,000 retail stores in the United States alone, and we had over 10 million direct customers.

 

We have established ourselves as a lifestyle media brand, content producer and licensor, information resource and authority in the Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability (“LOHAS”) market including the emerging Conscious Media market. We seek to become a unifying symbol of these emerging media and lifestyle genres. Our lifestyle brand is built around our ability to develop and offer media content, products, lifestyle solutions and community to consumers in the LOHAS and Conscious Media markets. Our content forms the basis of our proprietary offerings, on which we realize our highest margins, which then drive demand for parallel product and service offerings. Our operations are vertically integrated from content creation, through product development and sourcing, to customer service and distribution. We market our products and services across three segments:  business, direct-to-consumer, and solar. We distribute the majority of our products in our business and direct to consumer segments from our fulfillment center or drop-ship products directly to customers.  We also utilize a third party replication and fulfillment center for some of our media distribution in our business segment.

 

The LOHAS Market

 

The LOHAS market consists of five main sectors:

 

·                 Sustainable Economy. Renewable energy, energy conservation, recycled goods, environmental management services, sustainable manufacturing processes and related information and services.

 

·                 Healthy Living. Natural and organic foods, dietary supplements, personal care products and related information and services.

 

·                 Alternative Healthcare. Health and wellness solutions and alternative health practices.

 

·                 Personal Development. Solutions, information, products and experiences relating to mind, body and spiritual development.

 

·                 Ecological Lifestyles. Environmentally friendly cleaning and household products, organic cotton clothing and bedding, and eco-tourism.

 

We participate in all five sectors of the LOHAS market, which generates over $200 billion in annual sales according to a Natural Business Communication study, with an emphasis on Personal Development, Ecological Lifestyles and Alternative Healthcare.

 

The Conscious Media Market

 

We consider the Conscious Media market to consist of five distinct sectors:

 

·                 Children’s. Children’s entertainment and edutainment with a positive message.

 

·                 Family Entertainment. Entertainment that can be enjoyed by the entire family, containing no violence or profanity.

 

·                 Documentaries. Educational and informational programming (edutainment).

 

·                 Inspirational Entertainment. Entertainment that inspires people to expand their awareness and pursue positive changes in their lives.

 

·                 Personal Development. Informative and inspiring content that helps people to live a better life.

 

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Our Content

 

Our business model revolves around content creation, which forms the basis for our proprietary products. We have an “in house” production studio and team which produces programming that has won 90 Telly awards and several medals at the International New York Film Festival. We are fully high definition and 5.1 surround sound capable and do the majority of our authoring and editing in house at our Colorado facility ensuring the quality standards that drive our awards. We also develop children’s programming, which has been the recipient of several Parent’s Choice and Kids First Awards recognizing new products that help children grow imaginatively, physically, and mentally. During 2009, we added 153 titles to our DVD library increasing our library to over 2,800 titles. We also develop and market music and audio CDs and publish printed content.

 

Our Products

 

Our visual media programs represent an integral part of our proprietary product offering. In 2009, excluding the solar segment, our proprietary products constituted over 86% of our product sales.

 

Our Sales Channels

 

We conduct our business across three segments. Our business segment customers are primarily national retailers, corporate accounts and the media. We conduct our direct to consumer business through our direct response marketing programs, catalogs, Internet and subscription community sales channels.  We design and install solar energy systems and related renewable energy products and sustainable living resources through our solar segment.

 

Media

 

We develop, produce and license information and programming targeted to consumers who value personal development, wellness, spirituality, and inspirational entertainment. We have an award-winning library of titles that we sell to retailers, license to selected distributors operating outside of the United States, and license or sublicense for broadcast and download. We developed our own channel, and strategically partnered with other media companies, to distribute our digital media content over the Internet.  Some of our media partners include Google, YouTube, Amazon, iTunes and Netflix. All of our licensing arrangements require our branding to be prominent on the programming and are subject to royalty agreements with our performing artists. While our licensing of the rights to manufacture and distribute certain of our media lowers recognized revenue, we improve contribution margins and branding through this licensing. We intend to continue to seek new licensees for our brand internationally.

 

DRTV

 

We use direct response television (“DRTV”) marketing to promote LOHAS products and services, particularly those aimed at the fitness/wellness market. DRTV marketing is a highly-scalable distribution channel for segments of our LOHAS product suite, and also provides broad marketing support for our retail partners, as well as creating new direct customers to which we cross-market a wide range of LOHAS products and services via the Internet, and subscription segments. We capitalize on both long-form DRTV shows as well as leading home shopping channels such as QVC.

 

Retailers

 

Since the inception of our retailer channel in 1998, we have increased our breadth and diversity. As of the end of 2009, our media titles could be found in approximately 70,000 stores in the United States. We currently sell our media and other products across a variety of leading retailers, including bookstores such as Barnes & Noble and Borders; media stores such as Best Buy and Blockbuster; beauty stores such as Ulta; home furnishing stores such as Bed, Bath and Beyond, ABC Carpet and Home, and Kohl’s; natural food stores such as Whole Foods Market; sporting goods stores such as Dick’s and REI; mass merchants such as Target, our largest customer, and WalMart; e-tailers such as Amazon.com and Drugstore.com; and wholesale clubs such as Costco and Sam’s Club. Many of these retailers display our products in branded store within store lifestyle presentations that may include custom fixtures that we design. We implemented our first store within store concept late in 2000 and the concept has grown to over 11,000 stores by the end of 2009, up from 10,000 stores at the end of 2008.   In 2008 we expanded our market reach to the professional health and fitness industry by purchasing SPRI Products, Inc.

 

Our branded products are found in Canada, Mexico, Japan, Italy, the United Kingdom and Australia. We sell our media products to international accounts primarily under licensing agreements.  In 2008, we converted our remaining distributor relationships to license arrangements.

 

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Services

 

We conduct operations as a solar energy integrator through our majority owned subsidiary Real Goods Solar, Inc., offering turnkey services including the design, procurement, installation, grid connection, monitoring, maintenance and referrals for third-party financing of solar energy systems.  We also sell renewable energy products and sustainable living resources through Real Goods’ nationally distributed catalog and website.  During 2008, Real Goods consummated its initial public offering of its Class A common shares and completed acquisitions targeted towards expanding and enhancing its solar market.  These acquisitions were Carlson Solar, Inc., Independent Energy Systems, Inc., and Regrid Power, Inc., solar energy integrators, located in both southern and northern California.

 

Catalogs

 

We offer a variety of LOHAS products directly to the consumer through our catalogs and through some consumer lifestyle publications. During 2009, we strategically reduced our catalog circulation by 38%. Our customer demographics are highly regarded with our customers having an average income over $84,000 and over 70% of them being college educated.

 

Internet

 

We use the Internet to sell our products and to provide information on the LOHAS lifestyle.  We promote our website through our visual media, catalogs, print publications, product packaging and Internet links. We provide customer support for Internet sales from our in-house call center as a key component of our Internet approach.

 

Subscription Services

 

We offer a variety of subscription paid services.  These services include online communities under various brands and subscription clubs.  We currently offer subscription services under the following clubs:  The Firm; Kettlenetics, Spiritual Cinema Circle; and Gaiam Yoga Club with Rodney Yee and Colleen Saidman.

 

Our Operations

 

Sales Channels, Product Development and Sourcing

 

We sell our branded products across various sales channels. Non-proprietary products are only available through our catalogs and over the Internet. We use our catalog and Internet channels to test products before we develop products under our brand and distribute them through our other sales channels. Because we use a multi-channel approach to our business we are able to leverage our media and product development costs across all channels of our business.

 

Our proprietary offerings are designed by our development team and sourced both domestically and internationally by our merchandisers through third party suppliers that produce these products to our specifications. We design our products to supply information, enhance customers’ lifestyles and experiences and provide healthy, natural solutions while being eco-friendly and promoting a sustainable economy. We also screen the environmental and social responsibility of our suppliers. In order to minimize risk we often identify an alternate supplier for our products in a separate location.

 

Customer Service

 

We focus on building and maintaining customer relationships that thrive on loyalty and trust. We maintain a “no-risk guarantee” policy, whereby we provide a customer a full refund for our products that are returned at any time, for any reason. We have established a most valued customer program, which extends added benefits to our most loyal catalog and Internet customers. Our in-house customer service department includes product specialists who have specific product knowledge and assist customers in selecting products and solutions that meet their needs. We employ telephone routing software that directs each call to the appropriate representative. Our policy is to ship orders no later than the next business day, which we accomplish by stocking inventory that supports over 85% of our orders. We believe that by offering exceptional customer service we encourage repeat purchases by our customers, enhance our brand identity and reputation and build stronger relationships with our customers.

 

Established Infrastructure

 

We will optimize and, thereby, realize significant costs savings by consolidating our distribution center near Cincinnati, Ohio, into one building before our lease expires in June 2010. This distribution center provides fulfillment for the majority of our current domestic business needs and has the capacity to support the growth of our business. This central U.S. location allows us to achieve shipping

 

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cost efficiencies to most locations. The center is also located within 30 minutes of several major shipping company hubs. We use a supply chain management system that supports our entire operation, including fulfillment, inventory management, and customer service. Our fulfillment center is connected to our other facilities by a state-of-the art voice-over-Internet telecom network that allows us to maintain a high degree of connectivity within our organization.

 

Our Growth Strategies

 

Expand our Media Offering

 

Proprietary and authentic content lies at the core of our business model. Our media offerings introduce customers to us and help establish us as an authority in the LOHAS market. Our primary focus is on leveraging our content with branded lifestyle offerings through various media, catalogs, the Internet, and national retailers. We believe that the content-centric strategy is a competitive advantage and the multi-channel approach allows us the broadest possible consumer reach. It also provides the optimal “context” for us to market lifestyle products that are appropriate companions to the media.

 

We will continue to develop authentic content that caters to the LOHAS lifestyle and distribute it in DVD, book and audio formats and also accelerate our efforts in the digital media, broadcast and online categories. During 2009, we expanded our fitness media library by producing celebrity content with Trudie Styler, Bob Greene and Marisa Tomei. We intend to continue to expand our brand to the Conscious Media market, which incorporates children’s, family, inspirational and edutainment media. We believe we can establish our brand as a leading brand in some of these media categories.  In 2009, we partnered with The Discovery Channel to license Discovery branded content for sale in our retail channel and digitally on the Internet.  We are now the exclusive licensee for new launches of all the Discovery Channel DVDs, including all properties of Animal Planet, TLC, Discovery Channel, HD Theater, the Science Channel ID and The Military Channel. We will also have access to the entire Discovery branded library as the rights expire with their current licensees.

 

We have expanded our visual media offerings internationally and plan to continue to grow this opportunity. We also intend to broaden the variety of formats we offer, from our traditional “physical media” (DVD, CD, etc), to making our content available online to our consumers in both one-shot “purchase” format or subscription services.  In 2009 we developed our own channel to distribute our content digitally on the Internet and will launch gaiamTV in 2010.

 

Capitalize on our market share positioning

 

Based on Nielsen’s Videoscan, since 2004 we have more than doubled our U.S. DVD market share in the fitness/wellness category to over 34% in 2009. In 2009, the fitness DVD category grew 22% while the total DVD category declined 5%. We will utilize our leadership position and sacrifice some of our market share in fitness in order to assume a category management role bringing competitive product into the mix to establish the most complete fitness assortment in the business. We tested this concept with Target in 2008 and are now expanding the category management concept to other specialty channels.  By assuming this category management role, we improved our revenues and profits as well as expanded the exposure of the category. This category management program is currently in 4,000 doors.

 

Based on the same Nielsen report, we ended 2009 6th in the non-theatrical U.S. DVD category with over 5% market share. We intend to continue to grow our market share in the non-theatrical category through the production and acquisition of Conscious Media titles, focusing on children’s, edutainment, and family entertainment.  We also plan to extend our line of offerings into wellness and green living with solution based programming and media based kits, building store within store wellness offerings and continuing to grow our retail presence.

 

Improve our Profit Margins

 

We believe we can improve our profit margins with several distinct strategies. We will continue to focus our sales strategy on media that carries over 70% gross margins. We are establishing ourselves as a brand in the Conscious Media and wellness/fitness media market as well as in a genre we call edutainment. By continuing to grow our market share in media, we believe we can attract more media producers to work with our brand instead of the traditional studio or distributor model.

 

We launched a continuity and subscription business with our acquisition of a majority of the equity of Spiritual Cinema. This business carries over 75% gross margins and connects our media content directly to the consumer. We expect to continue to invest in this channel of business. We believe that with the increase in broadband acceptance in the consumer marketplace, coupled with our specialized media library and loyal direct customer base, we have an opportunity for strong growth at high margins as digital downloads of media become mainstream.

 

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We have focused on cost reduction and, therefore, expect to better leverage our infrastructure.  In addition, we have identified additional cost savings through consolidating warehouses and expect to begin realizing the benefits in the second half of 2010.  With our new state-of —the-art studio, we will be focusing on producing lower cost LOHAS content for kits, DVDs, online courses and web downloads.

 

Strengthen our Lifestyle Brand

 

Our goal is to maintain our brand as an authority in the LOHAS market (including the Conscious Media market) and to establish our brand as a unifying symbol of the emerging LOHAS lifestyle. We plan to strengthen our brand by growing our media, making our brand more prominent across our direct to consumer efforts, focusing on category management initiatives, increasing our store within store presence across national retailers, increasing our marketing and public relations efforts, marketing the Gaiam brand, and aggressively developing and marketing proprietary products while maintaining our high level of customer service.

 

Launch Reebok Branded Accessories and Media at Retail

 

In 2009, we signed a multi-year licensing agreement with Reebok to manufacture and market Reebok fitness accessories and media to retailers.  In 2010 we will take over twelve linear feet of Reebok with store within store presentations in all Target stores.

 

Expand our Proprietary Products

 

Excluding our partially owned subsidiaries, our proprietary products, which we introduced in 1997, represented approximately 86% of our revenues in fiscal year 2009. These products carry a higher margin, provide for branding opportunity and distinguish us from our competitors. We currently offer proprietary products that range from media products to sleep, stress relief, yoga and Pilates accessories to organic cotton bedding and bath products. We have also expanded our exclusive media library to over 2,800 titles through acquisitions and internal development. We continue to develop and market proprietary products across the LOHAS sectors. We will continue to look for additional library acquisitions as we expand our content across the Conscious Media market. We are strengthening our supply chain globally by sourcing a greater number of products offshore and leveraging our expanding media sales to obtain lower costs from our replicators. We leverage our product development costs over all sales channels.

 

Capitalize on our Multi-channel Approach

 

Our multi-channel strategy affords us the broadest possible customer reach, as well as allowing our customers to buy from us “what they want, when they want, where they want to.” This approach makes purchasing our lifestyle products convenient regardless of the channel that a customer prefers. It also allows us to migrate segments of our customer base across channels to develop deeper, longer-lasting relationships with them, and to convert them from purchasers of individual media products into subscribers to our “continuity programs,” whether those are DVD-based, or online access to communities and content on a continuity basis. Additionally, this diversified, strategic approach should provide for continued operating and business stability as we have the ability to cross-market lifestyle products and services regardless of the customer location or the channel to which we are marketing.

 

In our direct to consumer business we are open 24 hours a day, offering products on our Internet sites. The future of our direct business (catalog, Internet, community and subscription) is evolving its platform to be more solutions-based versus transaction-based.  As we increase the depth of media and community functionality available to our consumers, our Internet presence will transform from being merely a place to “order” product to a place to “consume” it in real-time when digital downloads become more mainstream.  This will allow our customers to both stream or download content as well as buy products focused on five solution-based segments: fitness; wellness; personal growth; relationships and green living.

 

In our business segment, we continue to expand our presence in national retailers and currently have placements in approximately 70,000 retail points in the United States. We also continue to expand our store within store concept in a variety of stores, including Whole Foods Market, Barnes & Noble Bookstores, Borders, Target, Ulta, Dick’s Sporting Goods, REI, ABC Carpet and Home and other national retailers. We currently have over 11,000 store within store concepts.  As digital becomes more main stream, our strong relationships with retailers will allow us to migrate our media and products to retailers’ Internet sales channels.

 

Complement our Existing Business with Selective Strategic Acquisitions

 

Our growth strategy is not dependent on acquisitions. However, we will consider those strategic acquisitions in the LOHAS market that complement our existing business, increase our media and related product offerings, expand our geographical reach, extend our channel distribution, and add to our direct customer base. We especially focus on companies with media content, a strong brand identity and customer databases that augment our existing databases. We often allow some of the acquired company’s management team to retain responsibility for front-end business functions such as creative presentation and marketing, while consolidating

 

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operational functions under our existing infrastructure when we can realize economies of scale.

 

Launch a Digital Format Platform

 

While the adoption of digital media is still in the early stages, we expect the transition from DVD to digital distribution of visual content to occur rapidly in the future.  During 2009, we digitized most of our media library and built an internet platform for our content that will launch in 2010 under the channel gaiamTV.  GaiamTV will provide leading fitness, wellness and non-theatrical digital content for streaming, rental and subscription. In addition, we began to establish digital distribution partners such as Amazon, YouTube, iTunes and Netflix.

 

Our Business Segments

 

We separate our business into three segments: the business segment which includes sales to businesses, retailers, international licenses, corporate accounts and media outlets; the direct to consumer segment, which includes DRTV, catalogs, E-commerce, and subscription community services; and the solar segment, which includes the design and installation of solar energy systems and the sale of related renewable energy products and sustainable living resources.

 

The business, direct to consumer, and solar segments represented 35.3%, 41.6%, and 23.1% of the 2009 net revenues, respectively. Our business segment is dependent upon a few major customers for a significant portion of its revenues. See Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements for further information on our segments.

 

Our Intellectual Property

 

Our tradename Gaiam and various product and Internet domain names are subject to trademark or pending trademark applications of Gaiam or a Gaiam company. We believe these trademarks are significant assets to our business.

 

Our Competitive Position

 

We believe that fragmented supplier and distribution networks characterize the LOHAS market, and we are not aware of a dominant leader. Our goal is to establish ourselves as the market leader.

 

Our business is evolving and competitive. Larger and better-established entities may acquire, invest in or form joint ventures with our competitors. Some of these entities have longer operating histories and have greater financial and marketing resources than we have. Increased competition from these or other competitors could reduce our revenue and profits. In addition, the smaller businesses we compete against may be able to more effectively personalize their relationships with customers.

 

Because we use multi-channel distribution for our products, we compete with various producers of similar products and services. Our competitors include Warner Bros., Disney, Paramount, Fox, Lions Gate, Liberty Media, thousands of small, local and regional businesses, and product lines or items offered by large retailers, manufacturers, publishers and media producers.

 

We believe the principal competitive factors in the LOHAS market are authenticity of information, unique content and distinctiveness of products and services, quality of product, brand recognition and price, and distribution capabilities. We believe we compete favorably on all these relevant factors.

 

We expect industry consolidation to increase competition. As our competitors grow, they may adopt aggressive pricing or inventory policies, which could result in reduced operating margins and loss of market share.

 

Our success also depends upon the willingness of consumers to purchase media, goods and services that promote the values we espouse. While we believe our business plan and assumptions are reasonable, the demographic trends on which they are based may change and the current consumption levels may not be sustained. The decrease of consumer interest in purchasing goods and services that promote the values we espouse would materially and adversely affect our customer base and revenues and, accordingly, our financial prospects.

 

Our Employees

 

As of February 26, 2010, we employed approximately 519 individuals. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.

 

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Regulatory Matters

 

A number of existing and proposed laws restrict disclosure of consumers’ personal information, which may make it more difficult for us to generate additional names for our direct marketing, and restrict our ability to send unsolicited electronic mail or printed materials. Although we believe we are generally in compliance with current laws and regulations and that these laws and regulations have not had a significant impact on our business to date, it is possible that existing or future regulatory requirements will impose a significant burden on us.

 

We generally collect sales taxes only on sales to residents of states in which we have locations.  Currently, we collect sales taxes on certain sales to residents of California, Colorado, Illinois, New York and Ohio. A number of legislative proposals have been made at the federal, state and local level, and by foreign governments, that would impose additional taxes on the sale of goods and services over the Internet and certain states have taken measures to tax Internet-related activities. If legislation is enacted that requires us to collect sales taxes on sales to residents of other states or jurisdictions, sales in our direct to consumer businesses may be adversely affected.

 

Our business is also subject to a number of other governmental regulations, including the Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule and related regulations of the Federal Trade Commission. These regulations prohibit unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in connection with mail and telephone order sales and require sellers of mail and telephone order merchandise to conform to certain rules of conduct with respect to shipping dates and shipping delays. We are also subject to regulations of the U.S. Postal Service and various state and local consumer protection agencies relating to matters such as advertising, order solicitation, shipment deadlines and customer refunds and returns. In addition, merchandise that we import is subject to import and customs duties and, in some cases, import quotas.

 

Seasonality

 

See the “Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations” section of Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for information pertaining to the seasonal aspects of our business.

 

Available Information

 

Our corporate website at www.gaiam.com/corporate provides information about us, our history, goals and philosophy, as well as certain financial reports and corporate press releases. Our www.gaiam.com website features a library of information and articles on personal development, healthy lifestyles and environmental issues, along with an extensive offering of media, products and services. We believe our website provides us with an opportunity to deepen our relationships with our customers and investors, educate them on a variety of issues, and improve our service. As part of this commitment, we have added a link on our corporate website to our Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including our reports on Form 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K and all amendments to such reports. We make those reports available through our website, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after these reports are filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

We have included our website addresses only as inactive textual reference, and the information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference into the Form 10-K.

 

Item 1A.  Risk factors

 

We wish to caution you that there are risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to be materially different from those indicated by forward looking statements that we make from time to time in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, news releases, reports, proxy statements, registration statements and other written communications as well as oral forward looking statements made from time to time by our representatives. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks described below of which we are presently aware. Additional risks and uncertainties that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations, and historical results are not necessarily an indication of the future results. The cautionary statements below discuss important factors that could cause our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows to be materially adversely affected.

 

Changes in general economic conditions could have a material impact on our business

 

Changes in overall economic conditions that impact consumer spending could impact our results of operations. Future economic conditions affecting disposable income such as employment levels, consumer confidence, credit availability, business conditions, stock market volatility, weather conditions, acts of terrorism, threats of war, and interest and tax rates could reduce consumer spending or cause consumers to shift their spending away from our products. If the economic conditions and performance of the retail and

 

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media environment worsen, we may experience material adverse impacts on our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

Increased competition could impact our financial results

 

We believe that the LOHAS market includes thousands of small, local and regional businesses. Some smaller businesses may be able to more effectively personalize their relationships with customers, thereby gaining a competitive advantage. Although we believe that we do not compete directly with any single company that offers our entire range of merchandise and services, within each category we have competitors and we may face competition from new entrants. Some of our competitors or our potential competitors may have greater financial and marketing resources and greater brand recognition. In addition, larger, well-established and well-financed entities may acquire, invest in or form joint ventures with our competitors. Increased competition from these or other competitors could negatively impact our business.

 

Changing consumer preferences may have an adverse effect on our business

 

We target consumers who assign high value to personal development, healthy lifestyles, responsible media, renewable energy and the environment. A decrease of consumer interest in purchasing goods and services that promote the values we espouse would materially and adversely affect our customer base and sales revenues and, accordingly, our financial prospects. Further, consumer preferences and product trends are difficult to predict. Our future success depends in part on our ability to anticipate and respond to changes in consumer preferences and we may not respond in a timely or commercially appropriate manner to such changes. Failure to anticipate and respond to changing consumer preferences and product trends could lead to, among other things, lower sales of our products, increased merchandise returns and lower margins, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Our strategy of offering branded products could lead to inventory risk and higher costs

 

An important part of our strategy is to feature branded products. These products are sold under our brand names and are manufactured to our specifications. We expect our reliance on branded merchandise to increase. The use of branded merchandise requires us to incur costs and risks relating to the design and purchase of products, including submitting orders earlier and making longer initial purchase commitments.

 

In addition, the use of branded merchandise limits our ability to return unsold products to vendors, which can result in higher markdowns in order to sell excess inventory. Our commitment to customer service typically results in our keeping a high level of merchandise in stock so we can fill orders quickly. Consequently, we run the risk of having excess inventory, which may also contribute to higher markdowns. Our failure to successfully execute a branded merchandise strategy or to achieve anticipated profit margins on these goods, or a higher than anticipated level of overstocks, may materially adversely affect our revenues.

 

We offer our customers liberal merchandise return policies. Our consolidated financial statements include a reserve for anticipated merchandise returns, which is based on historical return rates. It is possible that actual returns may increase as a result of factors such as the introduction of new merchandise, changes in merchandise mix or other factors. Any increase in our merchandise returns will correspondingly reduce our revenues and profits.

 

Acquisitions may harm our financial results

 

We have historically expanded our operations in part through strategic acquisitions. We cannot accurately predict the timing, size and success of our acquisition efforts. Our acquisition strategy involves significant risks that could inhibit our growth and negatively impact our operating results, including the following: our ability to identify suitable acquisition candidates at acceptable prices; our ability to complete the acquisitions of candidates that we identify; our ability to compete effectively for available acquisition opportunities; increases in asking prices by acquisition candidates to levels beyond our financial capability or to levels that would not result in the returns required by our acquisition criteria; diversion of management’s attention to expansion efforts; unanticipated costs and contingent liabilities associated with acquisitions; failure of acquired businesses to achieve expected results; our failure to retain key customers or personnel of acquired businesses and difficulties entering markets in which we have no or limited experience. In addition, the size, timing and success of any future acquisitions may cause substantial fluctuations in our operating results from quarter to quarter. Consequently, our operating results for any quarter may not be indicative of the results that may be achieved for any subsequent quarter or for a full fiscal year. These fluctuations could adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock.

 

The loss of the services of our key personnel could disrupt our business

 

We depend on the continued services and performance of our senior management and other key personnel, particularly Jirka Rysavy and Lynn Powers. Our strategy of allowing the management teams of some acquired companies to continue to exercise significant management responsibility for those companies makes it important that we retain key employees, particularly the sales and creative

 

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teams, of the companies we might acquire.

 

Our founder and chairman Jirka Rysavy controls us

 

Mr. Rysavy holds 100% of our 5,400,000 outstanding shares of class B common stock and also owns 868,682 shares of Class A common stock. The shares of Class B common stock are convertible into shares of Class A common stock at any time. Each share of Class B common stock has ten votes per share, and each share of Class A common stock has one vote per share. Consequently, Mr. Rysavy is able to vote a majority of our stock, to exert substantial influence over us and to control matters requiring approval by our shareholders, including the election of directors, increasing our authorized capital stock, or a merger or sale of substantially all of our assets. As a result of Mr. Rysavy’s control of us, no change of control can occur without Mr. Rysavy’s consent.

 

Our success depends on the value of our brand

 

Because of our reliance on sales of proprietary products, our success depends on our brand. Building and maintaining recognition of our brand are important for attracting and expanding our customer base. If the value of our brand were adversely affected, we cannot be certain that we will be able to attract new customers, retain existing customers or encourage repeat purchases, and if the value of our brand were to diminish, our revenues, results of operations and prospects would be adversely affected.

 

The operating results of our solar energy business could adversely affect our operating results.

 

The operating results of our 55%-owned subsidiary, Real Goods Solar, Inc. (“Real Goods”), are consolidated into our reported results from operations. To the extent that Real Goods reports a loss for any given period, this will adversely affect our operating results for that period. Real Goods reported a net loss for its fiscal year ended December 31, 2009 of $1.6 million. Real Goods’ business is affected by general business factors, including prevailing economic conditions, competition, declining consumer credit market conditions, and similar factors. Real Goods’ business may also be affected by many factors that specifically affect the demand for solar energy systems and the solar energy industry, including the following:

 

·                 fluctuations in economic and market conditions that affect the viability of conventional and non-solar renewable energy sources, such as changes in the price of oil and other fossil fuels;

·                 availability of government subsidies and incentives to support the development of the solar energy industry;

·                 cost-effectiveness, performance and reliability of solar energy systems compared with conventional and other non-solar renewable energy sources and products;

·                 success of other renewable energy generation technologies, such as hydroelectric, wind, geothermal, solar thermal, concentrated solar and biomass;

·                 fluctuations in expenditures by purchasers of solar energy systems, which tend to decrease in slower economic environments and periods of rising interest rates;

·                 deregulation of the electric power industry and the broader energy industry;

·                 shortages in the supply of any of the components used for solar energy systems; and

·                 changes in governmental regulations that affect the installation of solar energy systems, which may make installation more difficult, more expensive, or impracticable.

 

Disputes concerning media content and intellectual property may adversely affect us

 

Most of our media content is subject to arrangements with third parties pursuant to which we have licensed certain rights to use and distribute media content owned by third parties or have licensed to third parties certain rights to use and distribute media content that we own. In addition, we have a number of agreements with third parties concerning the use of our media content and intellectual property, including agreements regarding royalties, distribution, duplication, etc. Allegations that our rights to use media content are incomplete or other disputes arising from such arrangements may be costly and may have a material adverse impact on our results.

 

Product liability claims against us could result in adverse publicity and potentially significant monetary damages.

 

As a seller of consumer products, we may face product liability claims in the event that use of our products results in injuries. If such injuries or claims of injuries were to occur, we could incur monetary damages and our business could be adversely affected by any resulting negative publicity. The successful assertion of product liability claims against us also could result in potentially significant monetary damages and, if our insurance protection is inadequate to cover these claims, could require us to make significant payments from our own resources.

 

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We are dependent on third party suppliers for the success of our proprietary products

 

We are dependent on the success of our proprietary products, and we rely on a select group of manufacturers to provide us with sufficient quantities to meet our customers’ demands in a timely manner, produce these products in a humane and safe environment for both their workers and the planet, maintain quality standards consistent with our brand, and meet certain pricing guarantees. Our overseas sourcing arrangements carry risks associated with products manufactured outside of the U.S., including political unrest and trade restrictions, currency fluctuations, transportation difficulties, work stoppages, and other uncertainties. In addition, a number of our suppliers are small companies, and some of these vendors may not have sufficient capital, resources or personnel to maintain or increase their sales to us or to meet our needs for commitments from them. The failure of our suppliers to provide sufficient quantities of our proprietary products could decrease our revenues, increase our costs, and damage our customer service reputation.

 

We rely on communications and shipping networks to deliver our products

 

Given our emphasis on customer service, the efficient and uninterrupted operation of order-processing and fulfillment functions is critical to our business. To maintain a high level of customer service, we rely heavily on a number of different outside service providers, such as printers, telecommunications companies and delivery companies. Any interruption in services from our principal outside service providers, including delays or disruptions resulting from labor disputes, power outages, human error, adverse weather conditions or natural disasters, could materially adversely affect our business. In addition, freight carriers must ship products that we source overseas to our distribution center, and a work stoppage or political unrest could adversely affect our ability to fulfill our customer orders.

 

Information systems upgrades or integrations may disrupt our operations or financial reporting

 

We continually evaluate and upgrade our management information systems, which are critical to our business. These systems assist in processing orders, managing inventory, purchasing and shipping merchandise on a timely basis, responding to customer service inquiries, and gathering and analyzing operating data by business segment, customer, and stock keeping unit (a specific identifier for each different product). We are required to continually update these systems. Furthermore, if we acquire other companies, we will need to integrate the acquired companies’ systems with ours, a process that could be time-consuming and costly. If our systems cannot accommodate our growth or if they fail, we could incur substantial expenses and our business could be adversely affected.

 

Additionally, success in E-commerce depends upon our ability to provide a compelling and satisfying shopping experience. To remain competitive, we must continue to enhance and improve the responsiveness, functionality and features of our online technology, and if we are unable to do this, our business could be adversely affected.

 

A material security breach could cause us to lose sales, damage our reputation or result in liability to us

 

Our computer servers may be vulnerable to computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions. We may need to expend significant additional capital and other resources to protect against a security breach or to alleviate problems caused by any breaches. Our relationships with our customers may be adversely affected if the security measures that we use to protect personal information such as credit card numbers are ineffective. We currently rely on security and authentication technology that we license from third parties. We may not succeed in preventing all security breaches and our failure to do so could adversely affect our business.

 

Our systems may fail or limit user traffic, which would cause us to lose sales

 

We support a portion of our business through our call center in Louisville, Colorado. Even though we have back up arrangements, we are dependent on our ability to maintain our computer and telecommunications equipment in this center in effective working order and to protect against damage from fire, natural disaster, power loss, telecommunications failure or similar events. In addition, growth of our customer base may strain or exceed the capacity of our computer and telecommunications systems and lead to degradations in performance or systems failure. We have experienced capacity constraints and failure of information systems in the past that have resulted in decreased levels of service delivery or interruptions in service to customers for limited periods of time. Although we continually review and consider upgrades to our technical infrastructure and provide for system redundancies and backup power to limit the likelihood of systems overload or failure, substantial damage to our systems or a systems failure that causes interruptions for a number of days could adversely affect our business. Additionally, if we are unsuccessful in updating and expanding our infrastructure, including our call center, our ability to grow may be constrained.

 

Government regulation of the Internet and E-commerce is evolving and unfavorable changes could harm our business

 

We are subject to general business regulations and laws, as well as regulations and laws specifically governing the Internet and E-commerce. Such existing and future laws and regulations may impede the growth of the Internet or other online services.  These regulations and laws may cover taxation, user privacy, pricing, content, copyrights, distribution, consumer protection, the provision of

 

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online payment services and quality of products and services.  There is lack of clarity on how existing laws governing issues such as property ownership, sales and other taxes and personal privacy apply to the Internet and E-commerce.  Unfavorable resolution of these issues may harm our business.

 

We may face legal liability for the content contained on our websites

 

We could face legal liability for defamation, negligence, copyright, patent or trademark infringement, personal injury or other claims based on the nature and content of materials that we publish or distribute on our websites. If we are held liable for damages for the content on our websites, our business may suffer. Further, one of our goals is for our websites to be trustworthy and dependable providers of information and services. Allegations of impropriety, even if unfounded, could therefore have a material adverse effect on our reputation and our business.

 

Relying on our centralized fulfillment center could expose us to losing revenue

 

Prompt and efficient fulfillment of our customers’ orders is critical to our business. Our facility in Cincinnati, Ohio handles our fulfillment functions and some customer-service related operations, such as returns processing. A majority of our orders are filled and shipped from the Cincinnati facility. The balance is shipped directly from suppliers. Because we rely on a centralized fulfillment center, our fulfillment functions could be severely impaired in the event of fire, extended adverse weather conditions, transportation difficulties or natural disasters. Because we recognize revenue only when we ship orders, interruption of our shipping could diminish our revenues.

 

We may face quarterly and seasonal fluctuations that could harm our business

 

Our revenue and results of operations have fluctuated and will continue to fluctuate on a quarterly basis as a result of a number of factors, including the timing of catalog offerings, timing of orders from retailers, recognition of costs or net sales contributed by new merchandise, fluctuations in response rates, fluctuations in paper, production and postage costs and expenses, merchandise returns, adverse weather conditions that affect distribution or shipping, shifts in the timing of holidays and changes in our merchandise mix. In particular, our net sales and profits have historically been higher during the fourth quarter holiday season. We believe that this seasonality will continue in the future.

 

Postage and shipping costs may increase and therefore increase our expenses

 

We ship our products, catalogs, and lifestyle publications to consumers and the cost of shipping is a material expenditure. Postage and shipping prices increase periodically and can be expected to increase in the future. Any inability to secure suitable or commercially favorable prices or other terms for the delivery of our merchandise and catalogs could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our business is subject to reporting requirements that continue to evolve and change, which could continue to require significant compliance effort and resources.

 

Because our common stock is publicly traded, we are subject to certain rules and regulations of federal, state and financial market exchange entities charged with the protection of investors and the oversight of companies whose securities are publicly traded. These entities, including the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the SEC and the NASDAQ, periodically issue new requirements and regulations and legislative bodies also review and revise applicable laws such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. As interpretation and implementation of these laws and rules and promulgation of new regulations continues, we will continue to be required to commit significant financial and managerial resources and incur additional expenses.

 

Item 1B.         Unresolved staff comments

 

None.

 

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Item 2.           Properties

 

Our principal executive offices are located in Louisville, Colorado. Our fulfillment center is located in the Cincinnati, Ohio area. The following table sets forth certain information relating to our primary facilities:

 

Primary
Locations

 

Size

 

Use

 

Lease
Expiration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louisville, CO

 

148,400 sq. ft.

 

Headquarters and studio

 

Owned

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cincinnati, OH

 

281,900 sq. ft.

 

Fulfillment center

 

June 2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York, NY

 

12,700 sq. ft.

 

Media office

 

March 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hopland, CA

 

12 acres

 

Renewable energy demo site

 

Owned

 

We intend to optimize our fulfillment center down to 208,120 square feet by July 1, 2010 and have already renewed the lease for that remaining space through June 2013. Our existing fulfillment center lease has renewal options permitting the extension of the lease for up to an additional six years. We believe our facilities are adequate to meet our current needs and that suitable additional facilities will be available for lease or purchase when, and as, we need them.

 

Item 3.           Legal proceedings

 

From time to time, we are involved in various legal proceedings that we consider to be in the normal course of business. We do not believe that any of these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

Item 4.           Reserved

 

Part II

 

Item 5.           Market for registrant’s common equity, related stockholder matters and issuer purchases of equity securities

 

Stock Price History

 

Our Class A common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “GAIA”. On March 11, 2010, we had 6,702 shareholders of record and 17,778,822 shares of $.0001 par value Class A common stock outstanding. We have 5,400,000 shares of $.0001 par value Class B common stock outstanding, held by one shareholder.

 

The following table sets forth certain sales price and trading volume data for our Class A common stock for the period indicated:

 

 

 

High

 

Low

 

Close

 

Average
Daily
Volume

 

Fiscal 2009:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

8.24

 

$

6.03

 

$

7.69

 

49,191

 

Third Quarter

 

$

7.04

 

$

4.51

 

$

6.98

 

57,511

 

Second Quarter

 

$

6.87

 

$

3.16

 

$

5.47

 

127,698

 

First Quarter

 

$

4.81

 

$

2.38

 

$

3.28

 

119,279

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiscal 2008:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fourth Quarter

 

$

10.63

 

$

3.03

 

$

4.62

 

146.903

 

Third Quarter

 

$

15.00

 

$

10.51

 

$

10.60

 

214,791

 

Second Quarter

 

$

20.18

 

$

12.25

 

$

13.51

 

342,969

 

First Quarter

 

$

29.57

 

$

16.65

 

$

17.32

 

315,387

 

 

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Issuer Purchases of Registered Equity Securities

 

We purchased shares of our Class A common stock in a negotiated transaction as follows:

 

Period

 

(a) Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased

 

(b) Average Price Paid
per Share (or Unit)

 

(c) Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced
Plans or Programs

 

(d) Maximum Number
(or Approximate Dollar
Value) of Shares (or
Units) that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs

 

April 6, 2009

 

932,000

 

$

3.00

 

 

 

 

Dividend Policy

 

In 2010, for the first time, we declared out of additional paid-in capital an annual $0.15 per share cash dividend on our capital stock.

 

Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

The following table summaries equity compensation plan information for our Class A common stock:

 

Plan Category

 

Number of securities
to be issued upon
exercise of outstanding
options, warrants and
rights

 

Weighted average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights

 

Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance under
equity compensation
plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

 

1,224,760

 

$

5.35

 

2,995,128

 

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

 

 

 

Total

 

1,224,760

 

$

5.35

 

2,995,128

 

 

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Stock Performance Graph

 

The Graph below shows, for the five years ended December 31, 2009, the cumulative total return on an investment of $100 in our Class A common stock, assuming the investment was made on December 31, 2004 and the relative stock performances of our Class A common stock commencing with Gaiam’s initial public offering on October 29, 1999 until December 31, 2004.  The graph compares such return with that of comparable investments assumed to have been made on the same date in (a) the NASDAQ Stock Market (U.S. Companies) Index and (b) a media peer group, comprised of Martha Steward Living Omnimedia, Inc.; The Walt Disney Company; and Lions Gate Entertainment Corp.  Although total return for the assumed investment reflects a reinvestment of all dividends on December 31st of the year in which such dividends are paid, no cash dividends were paid on our common stock during the periods presented.  Our Class A common stock is quoted by The NASDAQ Stock Market’s Global Market under the trading symbol GAIA.

 

 


* $100 invested on 12/31/04 in stock or index, including reinvestment of dividends.

Fiscal year ending December 31.

 

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Item 6.           Selected financial data

 

We derived the selected consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 and consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2009 and 2008 set forth below from our audited consolidated financial statements which are included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. We derived the selected consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2006 and 2005 and consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 set forth below from our audited consolidated financial statements which are not included in this Form 10-K. The historical operating results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any other period. You should read the data set forth below in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our consolidated financial statements and related notes, included elsewhere in this Form 10-K.

 

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

2006

 

2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenues

 

$

278,473

 

$

257,172

 

$

262,943

 

$

219,480

 

$

142,492

 

Cost of goods sold

 

134,370

 

107,927

 

94,565

 

79,150

 

61,977

 

Gross profit

 

144,103

 

149,245

 

168,378

 

140,330

 

80,515

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and operating

 

131,659

 

142,401

 

144,768

 

119,700

 

67,639

 

Corporate, general and administration

 

13,225

 

13,059

 

13,157

 

14,989

 

9,790

 

Other general income and expense

 

 

82,928

 

 

 

 

Total expenses

 

144,884

 

238,388

 

157,925

 

134,689

 

77,429

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

(781

)

(89,143

)

10,453

 

5,641

 

3,086

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain from issuance of subsidiary stock

 

 

32,800

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income (expense)

 

(1,524

)

1,216

 

4,148

 

3,905

 

(175

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

 

(2,305

)

(55,127

)

14,601

 

9,546

 

2,911

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

(2,088

)

(7,542

)

5,767

 

3,774

 

974

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

(217

)

(47,585

)

8,834

 

5,772

 

1,937

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

513

 

11,962

 

(310

)

(128

)

(601

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

 

$

296

 

$

(35,623

)

$

8,524

 

$

5,644

 

$

1,336

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.01

 

$

(1.46

)

$

0.34

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.08

 

Diluted

 

$

0.01

 

$

(1.46

)

$

0.34

 

$

0.23

 

$

0.08

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

23,306

 

24,452

 

24,962

 

24,349

 

17,140

 

Diluted

 

23,378

 

24,452

 

25,214

 

24,617

 

17,354

 

 

 

 

As of December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

2006

 

2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

48,325

 

$

31,965

 

$

66,258

 

$

104,876

 

$

15,028

 

Working capital

 

94,910

 

95,780

 

106,815

 

140,147

 

37,216

 

Total assets

 

212,213

 

202,098

 

240,712

 

250,968

 

156,101

 

Total liabilities

 

44,322

 

33,452

 

34,251

 

26,700

 

40,716

 

Total equity

 

167,891

 

168,646

 

206,461

 

224,268

 

115,385

 

 

During the last three years, we used $53.9 million of cash to repurchase our common stock.

 

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Item 7.           Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. When used in this discussion, we intend the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “strive,” “future,” “intend” and similar expressions as they relate to us to identify such forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors set forth under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” and elsewhere in this report. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ include, without limitation, general economic conditions, competition, loss of key personnel, pricing, brand reputation, acquisitions, new initiatives we undertake, security and information systems, legal liability for website content, merchandise supply problems, failure of third parties to provide adequate service, reliance on centralized customer service, overstocks and merchandise returns, our reliance on a centralized fulfillment center, increases in postage and shipping costs, E-commerce trends, future Internet related taxes, our founder’s control of us, fluctuations in quarterly operating results, consumer trends, customer interest in our products, the effect of government regulation and programs and other risks and uncertainties included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We caution you that no forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which reflect our views only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking information.

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document. This section is designed to provide information that will assist readers in understanding our consolidated financial statements, changes in certain items in those statements from year to year, the primary factors that caused those changes and how certain accounting principles, policies and estimates affect the consolidated financial statements.

 

Overview and Outlook

 

We are a lifestyle media company providing a broad selection of information, media, products and services to customers who value personal development, wellness, ecological lifestyles, and responsible media. Our media brand is built around our ability to develop and offer media content, products, and lifestyle solutions to consumers in the LOHAS market.

 

We offer our customers the ability to make purchasing decisions and find responsible content based on these values while providing quality offerings at a price comparable to mainstream alternatives. We market our media and products through a multi-channel approach including traditional media channels, direct to consumers via the Internet, direct response marketing, subscriptions, catalog, and through national retailers and corporate accounts.

 

Our content forms the basis of our proprietary offerings, which then drive demand for parallel product and service offerings. Our operations are vertically integrated from content creation, through product development and sourcing, to customer service and distribution. We market our products and services across three segments: business, direct to consumer, and solar. We distribute the majority of our products in our business and direct to consumer segments from our fulfillment center or drop-ship products directly to customers.  We also utilize a third party replication and fulfillment center for media distribution in our business segment.

 

Our business segment sells directly to retailers, with our products available in approximately 70,000 retail doors in the United States. During 2009, this segment generated revenue of $98.2 million, up from $88.9 million during 2008, an increase of 10.5%. During 2009, we expanded our store within store presentations, which include custom fixtures that we design, to over 11,000 locations.  In 2008, we launched a media category management role that is part of our long term strategy and a key step in securing shelf space for media.  We have now expanded this strategy to approximately 4,000 doors, up from 3,200 at the end of 2008.

 

Through its diverse media reach, the direct to consumer segment provides an opportunity to launch and support new media releases, a sounding board for new product testing, promotional opportunities, a growing subscription base, and customer feedback on us and the LOHAS industry’s focus and future. During 2009, this segment generated revenues of $115.9 million, down from $129.8 million during 2008.  This decrease reflects a planned reduction to our catalog circulation of 38%, partially offset by revenue growth from our direct response marketing programs.

 

Our solar segment offers residential and small commercial solar energy integration services.  On May 13, 2008, our solar energy integration business consummated an initial public offering and has since been managed as a separate segment.  This business has grown its sales and expanded its market territories. During 2009, this segment generated revenues of $64.3 million, up from $38.4 million during 2008.  We have and will continue to use the IPO proceeds to fund this segment’s working capital needs and general

 

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corporate purposes, which may include future acquisitions of businesses.

 

We believe our growth will be driven by media content, products, and services delivered to the consumer via Internet, retailers, licensing, electronic downloads and subscriptions. We have increased our focus on fitness media content creation and distribution, and media category management at retailers. Our recent licensing agreements will expand our distribution within the non-theatrical media category.

 

We believe a number of factors are important to our long-term success, including increasing our branded store within a store presence, expanding category management into new retailers and genres, increasing international growth by expanding into new markets primarily through license arrangements, extending our product lines and enhancing our multimedia platform community through new media opportunities, new membership programs, initiatives and acquisitions.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We prepare our consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which require us to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements in Item 8 of this Form 10-K summarizes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

 

We believe the following to be critical accounting policies whose application has a material impact on our financial presentation, and involve a higher degree of complexity, as they require us to make judgments and estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain.

 

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts and Product Returns

 

We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. We make estimates of the collectibility of our accounts receivable by analyzing historical bad debts, specific customer creditworthiness, and current economic trends. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate such that their ability to make payments to us was impaired, additional allowances could be required.

 

We record allowances for product returns to be received in future periods at the time we recognize the original sale. We base the amounts of the returns allowances upon historical experience and future expectations.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory consists primarily of finished goods held for sale and is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. We identify the inventory items to be written down for obsolescence based on the item’s current sales status and condition. We write down discontinued or slow moving inventories based on an estimate of the markdown to retail price needed to sell through our current stock level of the inventories.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangibles

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase consideration over the estimated fair value of assets acquired less liabilities assumed in a business acquisition. Our other intangibles mainly consist of customer and marketing related assets. We review goodwill for impairment annually or more frequently if impairment indicators arise on a reporting unit level. We compare the estimated fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the estimated fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, we consider the goodwill of the reporting unit not impaired. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value, we perform the goodwill impairment test to measure the amount of impairment loss. We use a traditional present value method for the purposes of testing for potential impairment. The process of evaluating the potential impairment of goodwill is highly subjective and requires significant judgment at many points during the analysis. Application of alternative assumptions and definitions could yield significantly different results.

 

Investments

 

We account for investments in limited liability companies in which we have the ability to exercise significant influence or control, or in which we hold a five percent or more membership interest, under the equity method. We account for investments in corporations in which we have the ability to exercise significant influence or control, or in which we hold a twenty percent or more ownership, under the equity method. Under the equity method, we record our share of the income or losses of the investment by increasing or decreasing the carrying value of our investment and recording the income or expense through the consolidated statement of operations. Under the cost method of accounting, we carry investments in private companies at cost and adjust them only for other-than-temporary declines

 

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in fair value. Determining whether we have the ability to exercise significant influence or control over a company is highly subjective and requires a high degree of judgment.

 

Purchase Accounting

 

We account for the acquisition of a controlling interest in a business using the acquisition method. In determining the estimated fair value of certain acquired assets and liabilities, we make assumptions based upon many different factors, such as historical and other relevant information and analyses performed by independent parties. Assumptions may be incomplete, and unanticipated events and circumstances may occur that could affect the validity of such assumptions, estimates, or actual results.

 

Media Library

 

Our media library asset represents the fair value of the library of produced videos acquired through business combinations, the purchase price of media rights to both video and audio titles, and the capitalized cost to produce media products, all of which we market to retailers and to direct-mail and online customers. We amortize the fair value of acquired or purchased media titles and content on a straight-line basis over succeeding periods on the basis of their estimated useful lives. We defer capitalized production costs for financial reporting purposes until the media is released and, then we amortize these costs over succeeding periods on the basis of estimated sales. Historical sales statistics are the principal factor used in estimating the amortization rate.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

We measure compensation cost at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and recognize compensation cost upon the probable attainment of a specified performance condition or over a service period. We use the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the grant date fair value. In estimating this fair value, there are certain assumptions that we use, as disclosed in Note 12, Share-Based Compensation, consisting of the expected life of the option, risk-free interest rate, dividend yield, and volatility. The use of a different estimate for any one of these components could have a material impact on the amount of calculated compensation expense.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth certain financial data as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Quarters ended December 31,

 

Years ended December 31,

 

 

 

2009

 

2008

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

Net revenue

 

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

100.0

%

Cost of goods sold

 

47.7

%

48.6

%

48.3

%

42.0

%

36.0

%

Gross profit

 

52.3

%

51.4

%

51.7

%

58.0

%

64.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and operating

 

40.4

%

53.3

%

47.3

%

55.4

%

55.0

%

Corporate, general and administration

 

4.3

%

4.6

%

4.7

%

5.1

%

5.0

%

Other general income and expense

 

%

56.8

%

%

32.2

%

%

Total expenses

 

44.7

%

114.7

%

52.0

%

92.7

%

60.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

7.6

%

-63.3

%

-0.3

%

-34.7

%

4.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain from issuance of subsidiary stock

 

%

1.9

%

%

12.8

%

%

Interest and other income (expense)

 

-2.0

%

0.3

%

-0.5

%

0.5

%

1.5

%

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

 

5.6

%

-61.1

%

-0.8

%

-21.4

%

5.5

%

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

0.7

%

-4.7

%

-0.7

%

-2.9

%

2.2

%

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

-0.3

%

15.7

%

0.2

%

4.6

%

-0.1

%

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

 

4.6

%

-40.7

%

0.1

%

-13.9

%

3.2

%

 

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Quarter Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Quarter Ended December 31, 2008

 

Net revenue. Net revenue increased $13.1 million, or 17.6%, to $87.6 million during the fourth quarter of 2009 from $74.5 million during the fourth quarter of 2008. The increase in net revenue was primarily attributable to the business segment which grew 44.1% and strong growth in our solar segment, partially offset by a planned 38% reduction in catalog circulation.

 

Gross profit. Gross profit increased $7.6 million, or 19.8%, to $45.9 million during the fourth quarter of 2009 from $38.3 million during the fourth quarter of 2008. As a percentage of net revenue, gross profit increased to 52.3% during the fourth quarter of 2009 from 51.4% during the fourth quarter of 2008.  This increase primarily reflects higher sales of media.

 

Selling and operating expenses. Selling and operating expenses decreased $4.3 million, or 10.9%, to $35.4 million during the fourth quarter of 2009 from $39.7 million during the fourth quarter of 2008.  As a percentage of net revenue, selling and operating expenses decreased to 40.4% during the fourth quarter of 2009 from 53.3% during the fourth quarter of 2008.  This decrease is a result of our significant cost savings measures, including reducing payroll costs, optimizing the direct business through reduced catalog prospecting and closing unprofitable businesses.

 

Corporate, general and administration expenses. Corporate, general and administration expenses increased $0.3 million, or 9.7%, to $3.8 million during the fourth quarter of 2009 from $3.5 million during the fourth quarter of 2008.  As of percentage of net revenue, corporate, general and administration expenses decreased to 4.3% during the fourth quarter of 2009 from 4.6% during the fourth quarter of 2008 reflecting higher revenues.

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.  As a result of the above factors, net income attributable to Gaiam, Inc. was $4.0 million during the fourth quarter of 2009 compared to a net loss of $30.3 million during the fourth quarter of 2008.  Net income per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders was $0.17 during the fourth quarter of 2009 compared to a net loss per share of $1.26 during the fourth quarter of 2008. Excluding asset impairment charges and the gain from the issuance of Real Goods stock, our loss during the fourth quarter of 2008 would have been $2.6 million or $0.11 per share. Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures table below.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008

 

Net revenue. Net revenue increased $21.3 million, or 8.3%, to $278.5 million during 2009 from $257.2 million during 2008. Net revenue in our business segment increased $9.3 million to $98.2 million during 2009 from $88.9 million during 2008, primarily reflecting improvement in our domestic trade business, including increased store within store presentations and our success as media category manager, partially offset by conservative buying by retailers in the first quarter of 2009, higher deductions and allowances to retailers, and the disposition of our UK operations at the end of the first quarter of 2008. Net revenue in our direct to consumer segment decreased $13.9 million to $115.9 million during 2009 from $129.8 million during 2008. This decrease in the direct to consumer segment net revenue primarily reflects our decision to reduce catalog circulation by 38%, partially offset by revenue growth with our direct response marketing programs.   Net revenue to external customers in our solar segment increased $25.9 million to $64.3 million during 2009 from $38.4 million during 2008, primarily due to organic growth and our acquisitions during 2008.

 

Gross profit. Gross profit decreased $5.1 million, or 3.4%, to $144.1 million during 2009 from $149.2 million during 2008. As a percentage of net revenue, gross profit decreased to 51.7% during 2009 from 58.0% during 2008.  Gross profit in our business segment decreased $1.8 million, or 3.5%, to $50.0 million during 2009 from $51.8 million during 2008 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 50.9% during 2009 from 58.2% during 2008, primarily reflecting the expansion of our category manager role in media at retailers and greater participation in retailer discount programs and promotions. Gross profit in our direct to consumer segment decreased $9.1 million, or 10.4%, to $78.2 million during 2009 from $87.2 million during 2008 and, as a percentage of net revenue, increased slightly to 67.5% during 2009 from 67.2% during 2008, primarily reflecting our decision to focus on proprietary products, partially offset by our offering free shipping during the holiday season and reduced prices to accelerate sales and lower inventory levels.    Gross profit in our solar segment increased $5.7 million, or 55.7%, to $16.0 million during 2009 from $10.2 million during 2008 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 24.8% during 2009 from 26.7% during 2008, primarily reflecting larger average installation sizes that traditionally produce lower gross profit margins.

 

Selling and operating expenses. Selling and operating expenses decreased $10.7 million, or 7.5%, to $131.7 million during 2009 from $142.4 million during 2008.  This change is primarily a result of cost control measures implemented in late 2008 and early 2009 and reduced catalog circulation. As a percentage of net revenue, selling and operating expenses decreased to 47.3% during 2009 from 55.4% during 2008, reflecting our lower cost structure and increased revenues.

 

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Corporate, general and administration expenses. Corporate, general and administration expenses increased $0.2 million, or 1.3%, to $13.2 million during 2009 from $13.1 million during 2008.  As of percentage of net revenue, corporate, general and administration expenses decreased to 4.7% during 2009 from 5.1% during 2008.

 

Interest and other income (expense). Interest and other income (expense) decreased $2.7 million to expense of $1.5 million during 2009 from income of $1.2 million during 2008.  The decrease reflects a loss on the disposition of an insignificant, unprofitable subsidiary of $1.8 million and lower interest income resulting from the decrease in prevailing short-term interest rates and cash used to acquire our corporate facilities and repurchase 0.9 million shares of our Class A common stock for $2.8 million since January 1, 2009.

 

Income tax benefit.  Income tax benefit during 2009 includes a $1.6 million tax benefit related to the disposition of an insignificant, unprofitable business in our direct to consumer segment.

 

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest. Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest decreased to $0.5 million during 2009 from $12.0 million during 2008 primarily as a result of impairment of goodwill during 2008 and improved earnings during 2009 in our solar segment.

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.  As a result of the above factors, net income attributable to Gaiam, Inc. was $0.3 million during 2009 compared to a loss of $35.6 million during 2008.  Net income per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders was $0.01 during 2009 compared to net loss per share of $1.46 during 2008.  Excluding the impairment charges and the gain from the issuance of Real Goods stock, the net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. would have been $2.0 million, or $0.08 per share, for 2008.  Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures table below.

 

Year Ended December 31, 2008 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2007

 

Net revenue. Net revenue decreased $5.8 million, or 2.2%, to $257.2 million during 2008 from $262.9 million during 2007. Net revenue in our direct to consumer segment decreased $2.7 million to $129.8 million during 2008 from $132.5 million during 2007. This decrease in the direct to consumer segment net revenue primarily reflects overall slower consumer spending and our decision to reduce catalog circulation by 16%.  Net revenue in our business segment decreased $22.6 million to $88.9 million during 2008 from $111.5 million during 2007, primarily reflecting lower international product sales, which includes the shift to licensing arrangements and the disposition of our UK operations. Excluding international revenues, our business segment net revenues increased $5.0 million, or 6.4%, to $83.8 million during 2008 from $78.8 million during 2007, primarily reflecting the acquisition of SPRI Products.  Net revenue to external customers in our solar segment increased $19.5 million to $38.4 million during 2008 from $18.9 million during 2007, primarily due to the acquisition of Carlson Solar in the first quarter of 2008, Independent Energy Systems in the third quarter of 2008, and Regrid Power in the fourth quarter of 2008.

 

Gross profit. Gross profit decreased $19.1 million, or 11.4%, to $149.2 million during 2008 from $168.4 million during 2007. As a percentage of net revenue, gross profit decreased to 58.0% during 2008 from 64.0% during 2007.  Gross profit in our direct to consumer segment decreased $3.4 million, or 3.7%, to $87.2 million during 2008 from $90.6 million during 2007 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 67.2% during 2008 from 68.4% during 2007, primarily reflecting our decision to utilize aggressive promotional strategies, including offering free shipping during the holiday season.  Gross profit in our business segment decreased $19.5 million, or 27.4%, to $51.8 million during 2008 from $71.2 million during 2007 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 58.2% during 2008 from 63.9% during 2007, primarily reflecting the change in international business, our success in expanding our category manager role in media at retailers, and expanding our distribution footprint by maintaining retail prices while absorbing cost increases from higher freight charges and the dollar decline.  Gross profit in our solar segment increased $3.8 million, or 57.8%, to $10.2 million during 2008 from $6.5 million during 2007 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 26.7% during 2008 from 34.3% during 2007, primarily reflecting the acquisition of Independent Energy Systems and Regrid Power which have larger average installation sizes that traditionally produce lower gross profit margins.

 

Selling and operating expenses. Selling and operating expenses decreased $2.4 million, or 1.6%, to $142.4 million during 2008 from $144.8 million during 2007.  This change is primarily a result from reduced catalog circulation, lower royalty payments, and lower compensation costs, partially offset by investments made in our online community and increased bad debt reserve, and lower amortization from the impairment of certain intangibles assets.    As a percentage of net revenue, selling and operating expenses increased to 55.4% during 2008 from 55.0% during 2007.

 

Corporate, general and administration expenses. Corporate, general and administration expenses decreased $0.1 million, or 0.7%, to $13.1 million during 2008 from $13.2 million during 2007.  As of percentage of net revenue, corporate, general and administration expenses increased slightly to 5.1% during 2008 from 5.0% during 2007.

 

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Other general income and expense. Other general income and expense was $82.9 million during 2008 and was comprised of impairment charges of $44.4 million of goodwill, $27.1 million of media libraries (primarily from our GoodTimes and Lime acquisitions), $1.5 million of other intangibles, $2.2 million of property and equipment (primarily web site development), $1.5 million of deferred advertising costs, and $3.3 million of other related assets,  and operating expenses related to the consummation of the Real Goods initial public offering and guaranteed payments that we were obligated to make, but for which we will receive no benefit, including reduction in force costs, totaling $2.9 million.

 

Gain from issuance of subsidiary stock.  Gain from issuance of subsidiary stock was $32.8 million during 2008 and represented the increase in carrying value of our investment in Real Goods as a result of its issuance of new stock.

 

Interest and other income. Interest and other income decreased $2.9 million to $1.2 million during 2008 from $4.1 million during 2007.  The decrease reflects lower interest earnings as we used cash to acquire our corporate facilities, acquire businesses and assets and repurchase 1.3 million shares of our Class A common stock for $19.3 million, and the decline of average interest rates received on our cash investments from 4.6% as of December 31, 2007 to 0.2% at December 31, 2008.  At December 31, 2008, the majority of our cash was in short-term treasuries.

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest. Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest was $12.0 million during 2008 compared to net income attributable to noncontrolling interest of $0.3 million during 2007 primarily as a result of impairment of goodwill in our solar segment.

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.  As a result of the above factors, net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. was $35.6 million during 2009 compared to net income of $8.5 million during 2008.  Net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders was $1.46 during 2008 compared to net income per share of $0.34 during 2007.  Excluding the impairment charges and the gain from the issuance of Real Goods stock, the net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. would have been $2.0 million, or $0.08 per share, for 2008.  Refer to the Non-GAAP Financial Measures table immediately below.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

We have utilized the non-GAAP information set forth below as an additional device to aid in understanding and analyzing our financial results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2008. We believe that these non-GAAP measures will allow for a better evaluation of the operating performance of our business and facilitate meaningful comparison of the results in the current period to those in prior periods and future periods. Reference to these non-GAAP measures should not be considered a substitute for results that are presented in a manner consistent with GAAP.

 

A reconciliation of our quarter and year ended December 31, 2008 GAAP net loss to our non-GAAP net loss is set forth below (unaudited, in millions except share and per share data):

 

 

 

For the Quarter
Ended
December 31, 2008

 

For the Year
Ended
December 31, 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(30.3

)

$

(35.6

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exclusion of non-cash gain on issuance of Real Goods Solar stock (net of taxes of $0.5 million and $12.7 million, respectively)

 

(0.9

)

(20.1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exclusion of non-cash impairment of goodwill and intangible assets (net of taxes of $2.3 million and $17.8 million, respectively)

 

28.6

 

53.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-GAAP net loss

 

$

(2.6

)

$

(2.0

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-GAAP weighted average shares used in earnings per share calculation —diluted

 

23,980,000

 

24,452,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-GAAP loss per share —diluted

 

$

(0.11

)

$

(0.08

)

 

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Table of Contents

 

Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations

 

The following table sets forth our unaudited results of operations for each of the quarters in 2009 and 2008. In our opinion, this unaudited financial information includes all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals and adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations for the quarters presented. You should read this financial information in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. The results of operations for any quarter are not necessarily indicative of future results of operations.

 

 

 

Year 2009 Quarters Ended

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

March 31

 

June 30

 

September 30

 

December 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

55,923

 

$

60,475

 

$

74,439

 

$

87,636

 

Gross profit

 

30,986

 

31,446

 

35,811

 

45,860

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interests

 

(6,152

)

(2,115

)

1,031

 

4,931

 

Net income (loss)

 

(3,903

)

(1,277

)

643

 

4,320

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

 

(3,090

)

(1,009

)

365

 

4,030

 

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders

 

$

(0.13

)

$

(0.04

)

$

0.02

 

$

0.17

 

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted

 

23,957

 

23,076

 

23,167

 

23,267

 

 

 

 

Year 2008 Quarters Ended (a)

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

March 31

 

June 30

 

September 30

 

December 31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

65,173

 

$

57,217

 

$

60,285

 

$

74,497

 

Gross profit

 

40,978

 

36,153

 

33,845

 

38,269

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interests

 

3,135

 

4,184

 

(16,922

)

(45,524

)

Net income (loss)

 

1,897

 

2,531

 

(10,000

)

(42,013

)

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

 

2,213

 

2,581

 

(10,115

)

(30,302

)

Diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders

 

$

0.09

 

$

0.10

 

$

(0.42

)

$

(1.26

)

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted

 

25,352

 

24,895

 

24,020

 

23,980

 

 


(a)             During 2008, we recognized gains on the issuance of our subsidiary’s stock and charges for impaired goodwill, intangibles, and other related assets and expenses, resulting in a net gain of $4.6 million in the second quarter of 2008 and net losses of $13.9 million and $40.8 million in the third and fourth quarters of 2008, respectively.  See Note 6, Asset Impairment and Other General Expenses and Income.

 

Quarterly fluctuations in our revenues and operating results are due to a number of factors, including changes in market conditions, the timing of new product introductions and mailings to customers, advertising, acquisitions (including costs of acquisitions and expenses related to integration of acquisitions), competition, pricing of products by vendors and expenditures on our systems and infrastructure. The impact on revenue and operating results due to the timing and extent of these factors can be significant. Our sales are also affected by seasonal influences. On an aggregate basis, we generate our strongest revenues in the fourth quarter due to increased holiday spending and retailer fitness purchases.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our capital needs arise from working capital required to fund operations, capital expenditures related to acquisition and development of media content, development of our Internet and community platforms and new products, acquisitions of new businesses, replacements, expansions and improvements to our infrastructure, and future growth. These capital requirements depend on numerous factors, including the rate of market acceptance of our product offerings, the ability to expand our customer base, the cost of ongoing upgrades to our product offerings, the level of expenditures for sales and marketing, the level of investment in distribution systems and facilities and other factors. The timing and amount of these capital requirements are variable and we cannot accurately predict them. Additionally, we will continue to pursue opportunities to expand our media libraries, evaluate possible investments in businesses, products and technologies, and increase our sales and marketing programs and brand promotions as needed.

 

We have a revolving line of credit agreement with a financial institution with a current expiration date of June 19, 2010.  We are currently in negotiations to renew the line of credit agreement, which was recently extended pending the renewal negotiations. The credit agreement permits borrowings up to the lesser of $15 million or our borrowing base which is calculated based upon the collateral value of our accounts receivable, inventory, and certain property and equipment. Borrowings under this agreement bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 75 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points. Borrowings are secured by a pledge of certain of our assets, and the agreement contains various financial covenants, including those requiring compliance with certain financial

 

24



Table of Contents

 

ratios. At December 31, 2009, we had no amounts outstanding under this agreement; however, $0.5 million was reserved for outstanding letters of credit.  We believe we have complied with all of the financial covenants under this credit agreement.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table summarizes our primary sources (uses) of cash during the periods presented:

 

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

Net cash provided by (used in):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

 

$

28,134

 

$

(20,414

)

$

13,445

 

Investing activities

 

(9,036

)

(43,858

)

(22,787

)

Financing activities

 

(2,735

)

29,996

 

(29,432

)

Effects of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents

 

(3

)

(17

)

156

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

16,360

 

$

(34,293

)

$

(38,618

)

 

Operating activities. Our operating activities provided net cash of $28.1 million during 2009 and used net cash of $20.4 million during 2008. Our net cash provided by operating activities during 2009 was primarily attributable to decreased inventory of $13.9 million, noncash adjustments to net loss of $9.3 million, increased accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $10.9 million and refunded income taxes of $8.3 million, partially offset by increased accounts receivable and other assets of $12.6 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Our net cash used by operating activities during 2008 was primarily attributable to $8.4 million of income tax benefits that we expect to be refunded in 2009 as a result of the impairment of assets in 2008 and $10.6 million of liabilities assumed in business acquisitions which are shown in operating activities in accordance with GAAP.  The remaining purchase price for these acquisitions is shown in investing activities.  Also included in net cash used in operating activities are additional inventory purchases of $3.6 million, partially offset by other net sources of cash of $2.1 million.

 

Investing activities. Our investing activities used net cash of $9.0 million and $43.9 million during 2009 and 2008, respectively. The net cash used in investing activities during 2009 was used primarily for property and equipment acquisitions of $4.4 million, of which $2.2 million was required to maintain normal operations, for media productions of $3.1 million, and for a business acquisition earn-out of $1.5 million. The net cash used in investing activities during 2008 was used primarily to acquire our new corporate headquarters and related property and equipment for $19.4 million, purchase other property and equipment for $3.1 million, acquire businesses and other investments for $13.9 million, and purchase and produce media rights for $6.0 million.

 

Financing activities. Our financing activities used net cash of $2.7 million during 2009 and provided net cash of $30.0 million during 2008.  Our net cash used in financing activities during 2009 was used primarily to repurchase 932,000 shares of our Class A common stock.  Our net cash provided by financing activities during 2008 primarily reflected net proceeds from Real Goods’ IPO of $48.2 million and issuances of our common stock and related tax benefits of $1.5 million, partially offset by the use of funds to repurchase approximately 1.3 million shares of our Class A common stock for $18.4 million and payoff of $1.3 million on a line of credit of an acquired solar business.

 

On November 8, 2007, we filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the Securities and Exchange Commission for 5,000,000 shares of our Class A common stock.  During the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, we issued 50,000 and 221,152 of these shares, respectively, primarily to acquire business ownership interests.

 

We believe our available cash, cash expected to be generated from operations, cash generated by the sale of our stock, and borrowing capabilities should be sufficient to fund our operations on both a short-term and long-term basis. However, our projected cash needs may change as a result of acquisitions, product development, unforeseen operational difficulties or other factors.

 

In the normal course of our business, we investigate, evaluate and discuss acquisition, joint venture, minority investment, strategic relationship and other business combination opportunities in the LOHAS market. For any future investment, acquisition or joint venture opportunities, we may consider using then-available liquidity, issuing equity securities or incurring additional indebtedness.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

We have commitments pursuant to operating lease obligations, but do not have any outstanding commitments pursuant to purchase agreements. The following table shows our commitments to make future payments under operating leases:

 

25



Table of Contents

 

(in thousands)

 

Total

 

< 1 year

 

1-3 years

 

3-5 years

 

> 5 yrs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease obligations

 

$

8,933

 

$

2,314

 

$

3,871

 

$

2,494

 

$

254

 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as special purpose entities or variable interest entities, which have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other limited purposes.

 

Item 7A.                             Quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk

 

We are exposed to market risks, which include changes in U.S. interest rates and foreign exchange rates. We do not engage in financial transactions for trading or speculative purposes, but do have forward contracts for foreign currency transactions, the gains and losses from which historically have been immaterial.

 

Any borrowings we might make under our bank credit facility would bear interest at the lower of prime rate less 75 basis points or LIBOR plus 275 basis points. We do not have any amounts outstanding under our credit line, so any unfavorable change in interest rates would not have a material impact on our results from operations or cash flows unless we make borrowings in the future.

 

We purchase a significant amount of inventory from vendors outside of the U.S. in transactions that are primarily U.S. dollar denominated transactions. A decline in the relative value of the U.S. dollar to other foreign currencies has and may continue to lead to increased purchasing costs.

 

26



Table of Contents

 

Item 8.             Financial statements and supplementary data

 

Index to consolidated financial statements

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

28

 

 

Gaiam, Inc. Consolidated Financial Statements:

 

 

 

Consolidated balance sheets

29

 

 

Consolidated statements of operations

30

 

 

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

31

 

 

Consolidated statements of cash flows

32

 

 

Notes to consolidated financial statements

33

 

 

Financial Statement Schedule:

 

Schedule II — Consolidated valuation and qualifying accounts

49

 

27



Table of Contents

 

Report of independent registered public accounting firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of

Gaiam, Inc.

Louisville, Colorado

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Gaiam, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the related consolidated statements of operations, equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2009.  Our audits also included the financial statement schedule II for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007.  We also have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the “COSO Criteria”).  The Company’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying management’s report.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements and the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.  Our audit of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  Our audit of internal control included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, in 2009, Gaiam, Inc. and subsidiaries changed their method of accounting for noncontrolling interests.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Gaiam, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2009 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule II for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.  Also in our opinion, Gaiam, Inc. and subsidiaries maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009 based on the COSO Criteria.

 

 

 

/s/ Ehrhardt Keefe Steiner & Hottman PC

 

 

March 12, 2010

 

Denver, Colorado

 

 

28



Table of Contents

 

GAIAM, INC.

Consolidated balance sheets

 

 

 

December 31,

 

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2009

 

2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

48,325

 

$

31,965

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

46,266

 

33,664

 

Inventory, less allowances

 

26,872

 

40,782

 

Deferred advertising costs

 

1,909

 

2,578

 

Receivable and deferred tax assets

 

10,179

 

15,448

 

Other current assets

 

5,681

 

4,795

 

Total current assets

 

139,232

 

129,232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

28,217

 

27,381

 

Media library, net

 

12,354

 

12,102

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

4,414

 

6,076

 

Goodwill

 

24,166

 

23,180

 

Other intangibles, net

 

652

 

880

 

Notes receivable and other assets

 

3,178

 

3,247

 

Total assets

 

$

212,213

 

$

202,098

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

33,261

 

$

26,567

 

Accrued liabilities

 

11,061

 

6,885

 

Total current liabilities

 

44,322

 

33,452

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Gaiam, Inc. shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock, $.0001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 17,721,212 and 18,541,201 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively

 

2

 

2

 

Class B common stock, $.0001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 5,400,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2009 and 2008

 

1

 

1

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

162,532

 

163,652

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

85

 

88

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(9,979

)

(10,275

)

Total Gaiam, Inc. shareholders’ equity

 

152,641

 

153,468

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

15,250

 

15,178

 

Total equity

 

167,891

 

168,646

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

212,213

 

$

202,098

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

29



Table of Contents

 

GAIAM, INC.

Consolidated statements of operations

 

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

(in thousands, except per share data)

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net revenue

 

$

278,473

 

$

257,172

 

$

262,943

 

Cost of goods sold

 

134,370

 

107,927

 

94,565

 

Gross profit

 

144,103

 

149,245

 

168,378

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and operating

 

131,659

 

142,401

 

144,768

 

Corporate, general and administration

 

13,225

 

13,059

 

13,157

 

Other general income and expense

 

 

82,928

 

 

Total expenses

 

144,884

 

238,388

 

157,925

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

(781

)

(89,143

)

10,453

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain from issuance of subsidiary stock

 

 

32,800

 

 

Interest and other income (expense)

 

(1,524

)

1,216

 

4,148

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

 

(2,305

)

(55,127

)

14,601

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

(2,088

)

(7,542

)

5,767

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

(217

)

(47,585

)

8,834

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

513

 

11,962

 

(310

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

 

$

296

 

$

(35,623

)

$

8,524

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.01

 

$

(1.46

)

$

0.34

 

Diluted

 

$

0.01

 

$

(1.46

)

$

0.34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

23,306

 

24,452

 

24,962

 

Diluted

 

23,378

 

24,452

 

25,214

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

30



Table of Contents

 

GAIAM, INC.

Consolidated statement of changes in equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaiam, Inc. Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Retained

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings

 

Other

 

Common

 

Common

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive

 

(Accumulated

 

Comprehensive

 

Stock

 

Stock

 

Paid-in

 

Noncontrolling

 

(in thousands, except shares)

 

Total

 

Income (Loss)

 

Deficit)

 

Income

 

Amount

 

Shares

 

Capital

 

Interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2006

 

$

224,268

 

$

 

$

16,824

 

$

873

 

$

3

 

27,149,936

 

$

200,906

 

$

5,662

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Gaiam, Inc. common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

6,047

 

 

 

 

 

303,695

 

6,047

 

 

Issuance of subsidiary common stock in conjunction with acquisitions

 

101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

 

Repurchase of stock

 

(32,907

)

 

 

 

 

(2,500,000

)

(32,907

)

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

8,834

 

8,834

 

8,524

 

 

 

 

 

310

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of income taxes of $77

 

118

 

118

 

 

118

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

 

8,952

 

8,952

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2007

 

206,461

 

 

 

25,348

 

991

 

3

 

24,953,631

 

174,046

 

6,073

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Gaiam, Inc. common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

7,965

 

 

 

 

 

359,855

 

7,965

 

 

Issuance of subsidiary common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

21,985

 

 

 

 

 

 

918

 

21,067

 

Repurchase of stock

 

(19,277

)

 

 

 

 

(1,372,285

)

(19,277

)

 

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

(47,585

)

(47,585

)

(35,623

)

 

 

 

 

(11,962

)

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of reclassification and related tax benefit of $590

 

(903

)

(903

)

 

(903

)

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

 

(48,488

)

(48,488

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2008

 

168,646

 

 

(10,275

)

88

 

3

 

23,941,201

 

163,652

 

15,178

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of Gaiam, Inc. common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

1,507

 

 

 

 

 

112,011

 

1,507

 

 

Issuance of subsidiary common stock in conjunction with acquisitions and compensation

 

962

 

 

 

 

 

 

183

 

779

 

Repurchase of stock

 

(2,810

)

 

 

 

 

(932,000

)

(2,810

)

 

Subsidiary dividends to noncontrolling interests

 

(194

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(194

)

Comprehensive loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

(217

)

(217

)

296

 

 

 

 

 

(513

)

Foreign currency translation

 

(3

)

(3

)

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

 

(220

)

$

(220

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2009

 

$

167,891

 

 

 

$

(9,979

)

$

85

 

$

3

 

23,121,212

 

$

162,532

 

$

15,250

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

31



Table of Contents

 

GAIAM, INC.

Consolidated statements of cash flows

 

 

 

Years ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2009

 

2008

 

2007

 

Operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(217

)

$

(47,585

)

$

8,834

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

3,255

 

3,110

 

2,120

 

Amortization

 

4,429

 

5,525

 

10,169

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

1,879

 

1,506

 

1,024

 

Net loss (gain) on investments and property

 

190

 

(579

)

265

 

Noncash gain from equity method investment

 

 

 

(127

)

Deferred and stock option income tax benefit

 

(400

)

(15,358

)

(701

)

Gain on issuance of subsidiary stock, net of tax

 

 

(20,138

)

 

Impairment loss

 

 

80,021

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

(12,588

)

(922

)

(3,330

)

Inventory, net

 

13,910

 

(3,629

)

(5,546

)

Deferred advertising costs

 

(178

)

(1,564

)

(1,230

)

Income tax receivable

 

8,260

 

(7,751

)

 

Other assets

 

(1,339

)

(5,240

)

(771

)

Accounts payable

 

6,757

 

(856

)

345

 

Accrued liabilities

 

4,176

 

(6,954

)

2,393

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

28,134

 

(20,414

)(a)

13,445

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property, equipment and media rights

 

(7,536

)