Table of Contents

 

 

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 000-27517

 

 

 

LOGO

GAIAM, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

COLORADO   84-1113527

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

833 WEST SOUTH BOULDER ROAD,

LOUISVILLE, COLORADO 80027

(Address of principal executive offices)

(303) 222-3600

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES  x    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES  x    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES  ¨    NO  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Class

 

Outstanding at August 4, 2015

Class A Common Stock ($.0001 par value)   19,122,319
Class B Common Stock ($.0001 par value)   5,400,000

 

 

 


Table of Contents

GAIAM, INC.

FORM  10-Q

INDEX

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION      3   
Item 1.   Financial Statements (Unaudited):      3   
  Condensed consolidated balance sheets at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014      4   
  Condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014      5   
  Condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014      6   
  Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014      7   
  Notes to interim condensed consolidated financial statements      8   
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      15   
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      21   
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures      21   
PART II—OTHER INFORMATION      21   
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings      21   
Item 1A.   Risk Factors      22   
Item 5.   Other Information      22   
Item 6.   Exhibits      23   
  SIGNATURES      24   

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This report may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “strive,” “future,” “intend” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Our actual results could differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors set forth under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” and elsewhere in this report. Risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ include, without limitation, legal disputes or arbitration proceedings, general economic conditions, competition, changing consumer preferences, inventory risk, acquisitions, new initiatives undertaken by us, loss of key personnel, our founder’s control of us, brand reputation, difficulty obtaining financing, product liability, dependence on third-party suppliers, reliance on communication and shipping networks, reliance on security and information systems, the effect of government regulation, legal liability for website content, our reliance on a centralized fulfillment center, fluctuations in quarterly operating results, increases in postage and shipping costs, changing reporting requirements, the potential separation of our subscription unit from the Gaiam-branded business resulting in two separate publicly traded companies and other risks and uncertainties included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We caution you that no forward-looking statement is a guarantee of future performance, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which reflect our view only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking information.

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

We have prepared our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included herein pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been condensed or omitted pursuant to these rules and regulations, although we believe that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. In our opinion, the unaudited interim condensed financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly, in all material respects, our consolidated financial position as of June 30, 2015, the interim results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, and cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014. These interim statements have not been audited. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2014 was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements contained herein should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements, including the notes thereto, for the year ended December 31, 2014.

 

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GAIAM, INC.

Condensed consolidated balance sheets

 

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

   June 30,
2015
    December 31,
2014
 
     (unaudited)        
ASSETS     

Current assets:

    

Cash

   $ 18,426      $ 15,772   

Accounts receivable, net

     16,075        30,266   

Inventory, less allowances

     16,845        20,154   

Other current assets

     19,835        11,998   

Current assets of discontinued operations

     300        582   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     71,481        78,772   

Property and equipment, net

     24,516        23,231   

Media library, net

     8,319        7,691   

Goodwill

     15,448        15,448   

Other intangibles, net

     728        823   

Other assets

     12,576        12,667   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 133,068      $ 138,632   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 11,786      $ 18,837   

Accrued liabilities

     26,670        20,236   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     38,456        39,073   

Commitments and contingencies

    

Equity:

    

Gaiam, Inc. shareholders’ equity:

    

Class A common stock, $.0001 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 19,122,148 and 19,084,958 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

     2        2   

Class B common stock, $.0001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 5,400,000 issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014

     1        1   

Additional paid-in capital

     171,939        171,315   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (227     (200

Accumulated deficit

     (81,338     (76,329
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Gaiam, Inc. shareholders’ equity

     90,377        94,789   

Noncontrolling interest

     4,235        4,770   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     94,612        99,559   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 133,068      $ 138,632   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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GAIAM, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of operations

 

     For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
    For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands, except per share data)

   2015     2014     2015     2014  
     (unaudited)     (unaudited)  

Net revenue

   $ 41,146      $ 32,451      $ 78,784      $ 70,062   

Cost of goods sold

     22,939        16,983        43,330        37,574   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     18,207        15,468        35,454        32,488   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses:

  

Selling and operating

     14,493        15,160        31,213        31,523   

Corporate, general and administration

     3,602        2,852        7,014        5,962   

Other general expense

     89        611        89        636   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     18,184        18,623        38,316        38,121   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

     23        (3,155     (2,862     (5,633

Interest and other income (expense)

     114        27        (370     65   

Gain on sale of investments

     —          1,042        —          1,480   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes and noncontrolling interest

     137        (2,086     (3,232     (4,088

Income tax expense

     125        130        174        226   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     12        (2,216     (3,406     (4,314

(Loss) income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (1,121     2        (1,587     28   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

     (1,109     (2,214     (4,993     (4,286

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (8     (174     (16     (236
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (1,117   $ (2,388   $ (5,009   $ (4,522
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders—basic and diluted:

      

From continuing operations

   $ 0.00      $ (0.10   $ (0.14   $ (0.19

From discontinued operations

   $ (0.05   $ 0.00      $ (0.06   $ 0.00   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (0.05   $ (0.10   $ (0.20   $ (0.19
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     24,511        24,090        24,501        24,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

     24,610        24,090        24,501        24,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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GAIAM, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss

 

     For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
    For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands, except per share data)

   2015     2014     2015     2014  
     (unaudited)     (unaudited)  

Net loss

   $ (1,109   $ (2,214   $ (4,993   $ (4,286

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income:

        

Foreign currency translation (loss) gain, net of tax

     (25     26        (92     37   

Unrealized (loss) gain on equity security, net of tax

     —         (30     —          202   

Reclassification of gain on equity security to net income, net of tax

     —         (319     —          (319
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

     (1,134     (2,537     (5,085     (4,366
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less: comprehensive loss (income) attributable to the noncontrolling interest

     35        (9     49        (25
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (1,099   $ (2,546   $ (5,036   $ (4,391
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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GAIAM, INC.

Condensed consolidated statements of cash flows

 

     For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands)

   2015     2014  
     (unaudited)  

Operating activities

    

Net loss

   $ (4,993   $ (4,286

Loss (income) from discontinued operations

     1,587        (28
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss from continuing operations

     (3,406     (4,314

Adjustments to reconcile net loss from continuing operations to net cash used in operating activities—continuing operations:

    

Depreciation

     1,156        982   

Amortization

     1,229        1,239   

Share-based compensation expense

     473        715   

Gain on sale of investments

     —         (1,480

Loss (gain) on remeasurement of foreign currency

     343        (36

Other

     25        —    

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

  

Accounts receivable, net

     14,326        8,157   

Inventory, less allowances

     3,264        2,015   

Other current and long term assets

     (7,668     (5,235

Accounts payable

     (7,207     (2,199

Accrued liabilities

     6,311        (1,917
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities—continuing operations

     8,846        (2,073

Net cash used in operating activities—discontinued operations

     (1,305     (818
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     7,541        (2,891
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities

    

Proceeds from sale of investments

     —         2,646   

Purchase of property, equipment and media rights

     (4,213     (2,411
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (4,213     235   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities

    

Proceeds from issuance of stock

     151        1,326   

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest

     (486     (150
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

     (335     1,176   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rates on cash

     (339     101   

Net change in cash

     2,654        (1,379

Cash at beginning of period

     15,772        32,229   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

   $ 18,426        30,850   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow information

    

Income taxes paid

   $ 594      $ 424   

Interest paid

   $ 2      $ 22   

See accompanying notes to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements

 

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Notes to interim condensed consolidated financial statements

References in this report to “we”, “us”, “our” or “Gaiam” refer to Gaiam, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless we indicate otherwise.

1. Organization, Nature of Operations, and Principles of Consolidation

Gaiam, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (“the Company”) provide a broad selection of yoga, fitness, and wellness products, content, and eco-travel services. Our products are sold through major retailers in the United States, Canada, Europe and other countries. We also sell our products through digital partners, websites and ecommerce channels. Gaiam TV, our global subscription video streaming service, provides our members with access to conscious media on virtually any internet-connected device anytime, anywhere. We were incorporated under the laws of the State of Colorado on July 7, 1988.

We have prepared the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, and they include our accounts and those of our subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods disclosed in this report are not necessarily indicative of future financial results.

Use of Estimates and Reclassifications

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the accompanying financial statements and disclosures. Although we base these estimates on our best knowledge of current events and actions that we may undertake in the future, actual results may be different from the estimates. We have made certain reclassifications to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentations.

2. Spin-off of Gaiam TV

On February 20, 2015, our wholly-owned subsidiary Gaia, Inc. (“Gaiam TV”) filed a registration statement on Form 10 with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the previously announced proposed separation of the Gaiam TV segment from the Gaiam Brand segment into two separate publicly traded companies. Gaiam TV filed an amended Form 10 with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 29, 2015. The proposed tax-free spin-off will occur through a distribution to Gaiam, Inc.’s shareholders of all the stock of Gaiam TV. Gaiam TV will hold all of the assets and liabilities of the Gaiam TV segment. The Gaiam Brand segment will remain with Gaiam, Inc. after the distribution. The completion of the separation is subject to satisfaction of several conditions. Furthermore, our board of directors has the right and ability, in its sole discretion, to abandon the proposed separation at any time before the distribution date. As a result, there can be no assurance that the separation will occur.

In connection with the proposed spin-off, Gaiam TV anticipates entering into a reorganization agreement with Gaiam, Inc. to provide for, among other things, the principal corporate transactions required to effect the spin-off, certain conditions to the spin-off and provisions governing the relationship between Gaiam TV and Gaiam, Inc. with respect to and resulting from the spin-off. The reorganization agreement will also provide that the holders of options to purchase Gaiam, Inc. Class A common stock who are employees or non-employee directors of Gaiam, Inc. on the record date for the distribution will receive options to purchase shares of Gaiam TV’s Class A common stock in the same ratio as shareholders. Additionally there will be a corresponding adjustment to the existing Gaiam, Inc. option held by such holder. The spin-off will not constitute a change in control for purposes of Gaiam, Inc.’s equity plans, and therefore no vesting of awards will occur as a result of the spin-off. In addition, the reorganization agreement will address the treatment of the various insurance policies held by Gaiam, Inc. and Gaiam TV after the spin-off. Gaiam TV will enter into multiple license agreements with Gaiam, Inc. including a license agreement for the use of the “Gaiam TV” trade name, and related trademarks and service marks following the spin-off.

Providing the spin-off is completed, Gaiam TV anticipates entering into a transition services agreement with Gaiam, Inc. in connection with the separation. Under the transition services agreement, Gaiam, Inc. and Gaiam TV will agree to provide certain services to the other for a period of up to 24 months following the spin-off, or such other shorter period as may be provided in the transition services agreement. The services to be provided may include certain corporate services including, but not limited to, management, financial, accounting, tax, human resources, payroll, technical, fulfillment, software quality control, and certain office services as required from time to time in the ordinary course of our business. Charges for these services will be based on the actual cost of such services without premium or mark-up, although applicable administrative and other overhead costs associated with the services will be allocated and included in the service charge. The employees of Gaiam TV will remain eligible employees under certain employee benefit plans currently maintained by Gaiam, Inc., which will be managed under the transition services agreement.

 

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Effective January 1, 2015, Gaiam, Inc. contributed to Gaiam TV its 100% membership interest in Boulder Road LLC, a Colorado limited liability company. Boulder Road LLC is the sole owner of the property located at 833 West South Boulder Road in Louisville, Colorado, which is the location for our operations and the principal executive offices of Gaiam, Inc., Gaiam TV and various other companies. The Gaiam, Inc. business unit and the Gaiam TV business unit have entered into lease agreements with Boulder Road LLC effective with the contribution. The intercompany transactions have been eliminated in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Investments

We did not sell any investments or recognize any gains on sales of investments during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

During the six months ended June 30, 2014, we reported a gain of $1.0 million on the sale of our Real Goods Solar, Inc. (“RGSE”) class A common stock. The value of the stock had been previously reduced to zero through the recognition of our portion of RGSE’s net losses.

In connection with the sale of our non-branded entertainment media business to Cinedigm Corp. in October 2013, we received shares of Cinedigm Corp.’s Class A common stock with a fair value of $1.2 million. During June 2014, we sold all of these shares and realized a gain of $0.5 million.

4. Equity

During the first six months of 2015, we issued 10,000 shares of our Class A common stock under our 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan to our independent directors, in lieu of cash compensation, for services rendered in 2015. We valued the shares issued to our independent directors at estimated fair value based on the closing price of our shares on the date the shares were issued, which by policy is the last trading day of each quarter in which the services were rendered.

During the first six months of 2015, we issued 27,000 shares of our Class A common stock with net proceeds of $0.2 million in connection with option exercises. The following is a reconciliation from December 31, 2014 to June 30, 2015 of the carrying amount of total equity, equity attributable to Gaiam, Inc., and equity attributable to the noncontrolling interest.

 

                 Gaiam, Inc. Shareholders  

(in thousands)

   Total     Comprehensive
Loss
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Class A
and Class B
Common
Stock
     Paid-in
Capital
     Noncontrolling
Interest
 

Balance at December 31, 2014

   $ 99,559        $ (76,329   $ (200   $ 3       $ 171,315       $ 4,770   

Issuance of Gaiam, Inc. common stock for stock option exercises and share-based compensation

     624          —         —         —          624         —    

Dividends paid to noncontrolling interest

     (486       —         —         —          —          (486

Comprehensive loss:

                

Net (loss) income

     (4,993     (4,993     (5,009     —         —          —          16   

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of taxes of $40

     (92     (92     —         (27     —          —          (65
  

 

 

   

 

 

             

Comprehensive loss

     $ (5,085            
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

   $ 94,612        $ (81,338   $ (227   $ 3       $ 171,939       $ 4,235   
  

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

5. Share-Based Payments

During the first six months of 2015 and 2014, we extended the term of certain options granted under our 2009 Long-Term Incentive Plan to a member of our executive team for an additional year, and recognized $0.1 and $0.4 million of associated stock compensation expense. Total share-based compensation expense is reported in corporate, general and administration expenses on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

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6. Net Loss per Share Attributable To Gaiam, Inc. Common Shareholders

Basic net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders excludes any dilutive effects of options. We compute basic net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders using the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. We compute diluted net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders using the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. We excluded common stock equivalents of 985,000 and 659,000 from the computation of diluted net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, and 987,000 and 1,531,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, because their effect was antidilutive.

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands, except per share data)

   2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders:

        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ 4      $ (2,390   $ (3,422   $ (4,550

(Loss) income from discontinued operations

     (1,121     2        (1,587     28   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (1,117   $ (2,388   $ (5,009   $ (4,522
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares for basic net loss per share

     24,511        24,090        24,501        24,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of dilutive securities

     99        —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average shares for diluted net loss per share

     24,610        24,090        24,501        24,048   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc. common shareholders—basic and diluted:

        

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $ 0.00      $ (0.10   $ (0.14   $ (0.19

(Loss) income from discontinued operations

   $ (0.05   $ 0.00      $ (0.06   $ 0.00   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (0.05   $ (0.10   $ (0.20   $ (0.19
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, we recognized gains on the sales of investments (see Note 3) of $1.0 million and $1.5 million, respectively. Excluding the impact of these gains, net loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 would have increased by $0.04 and $0.06 per share, respectively. There were no similar gains recognized in 2015.

7. Income Taxes

During the fourth quarter of 2013, we determined that a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets was necessary due to the cumulative loss incurred over the three-year period ended December 31, 2013. Since that time, we have continued to provide a full valuation allowance against deferred tax assets. As income is generated in future periods, the Company expects to reverse the valuation allowance as utilization of the deferred tax assets occurs.

8. Segment Information

We manage our company and aggregate our operational and financial information in accordance with two reportable segments, which are aligned based on their products or services:

 

  Gaiam Brand:    This segment includes all our branded yoga, fitness, and wellness products. It also includes our eco-travel subsidiary.
  Gaiam TV:    This segment includes our digital video streaming service. We previously announced that we are pursuing the potential spin off of this segment into a separate company.

 

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Amounts shown as “Other unallocated corporate expenses” in the table below, are primarily expenses of being a public company, and legal costs associated with the proposed spin-off of Gaiam TV, which we do not allocate to our segments. Although we are able to track sales by channel, the management, allocation of resources, and analysis and reporting of expenses are presented on a combined basis, at the reportable segment level. Contribution margin is defined as net revenue less cost of goods sold and total operating expenses. Financial information for our segments is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands)

   2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net revenue:

        

Gaiam Brand

   $ 37,861      $ 30,035      $ 72,393      $ 65,351   

Gaiam TV

     3,285        2,416        6,391        4,711   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated net revenue

     41,146        32,451        78,784        70,062   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Contribution income (loss):

        

Gaiam Brand

     2,107        380        2,118        506   

Gaiam TV

     (1,078     (1,938     (3,436     (4,145
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Segment contribution income (loss)

     1,029        (1,558     (1,318     (3,639

Other unallocated corporate expenses

     (1,006     (1,597     (1,544     (1,994
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Consolidated contribution income (loss)

     23        (3,155     (2,862     (5,633

Reconciliation of contribution income (loss) to net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.:

        

Interest and other income (expense)

     114        27        (370     65   

Gain on sale of investment

     —         1,042        —         1,480   

Income tax expense

     (125     (130     (174     (226

(Loss) income from discontinued operations

     (1,121     2        (1,587     28   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (8     (174     (16     (236
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (1,117   $ (2,388   $ (5,009   $ (4,522
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As discussed in Note 2, Gaiam TV filed an amended registration statement on Form 10 with the SEC on May 29, 2015. The segment amounts presented here and discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q vary insignificantly from the amounts reported by Gaiam TV in the Form 10, as the Form 10 requires that certain items be recast for stand-alone presentation.

9. Commitments and Contingencies

On August 13, 2014, Cinedigm Corp. and Cinedigm Entertainment Holdings, LLC (together, “Cinedigm”) initiated an arbitration proceeding with the American Arbitration Association under the Membership Interest Purchase Agreement, dated October 17, 2013, by and among Cinedigm and the Company and one of its subsidiaries (the “MIPA”). Cinedigm’s arbitration demand alleges that the Company owes Cinedigm approximately $12.9 million under the working capital adjustment mechanism included in the MIPA. In addition, Cinedigm has claimed that Gaiam materially breached its representations and warranties under the MIPA, that the Company engaged in fraudulent and tortious acts in connection with the sale, and that the Company breached the terms of other agreements related to the transaction. The aggregate relief requested by Cinedigm exceeds $30.0 million and includes unspecified compensatory damages, attorneys’ fees, costs and interest, and other relief.

The Company believes that Cinedigm’s arbitration claims are without merit and represent a post-closing attempt to renegotiate the MIPA purchase price, and the Company intends to assert its positions vigorously through the legal process. Moreover, the Company believes that if the working capital mechanism is properly applied, Cinedigm owes the Company over $8.0 million, and this amount is reflected in other assets on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Company has initiated an arbitration process against Cinedigm. In addition to its working capital claim, the Company is pursuing a claim of approximately $700,000 against Cinedigm in connection with the Transition Services Agreement executed as part of the MIPA transaction, and is reviewing other claims that it may pursue against Cinedigm. The dispute outcome cannot be predicted at this time.

In view of the inherent difficulty of predicting the outcome of any asserted claim, particularly where large or indeterminate damages are sought, the Company cannot predict the outcome of any pending matter, the timing of ultimate resolution, or the eventual gain or

 

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loss (in each case, if any). However, in light of the uncertainty of litigation generally and the uncertainty of collection with regard to any judgment that the Company seeks, as well as the more certain substantial legal fees and costs that the Company expects to expend in the matter (which may continue into 2016), the Company accrued a litigation-related reserve in the fourth quarter of 2014 of $3.0 million. Costs associated with the dispute are being recorded as a component of discontinued operating expenses.

 

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From time to time, we are involved in legal proceedings that we consider to be in the normal course of business. Claimed amounts against us may be substantial but may not bear any reasonable relationship to the merits of the claim or the extent of any real risk of court or arbitral awards. We record accruals for losses related to those matters against us that we consider to be probable and that can be reasonably estimated. Although it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these matters with certainty, it is reasonably possible that some legal proceedings may be disposed of or decided unfavorably to us and in excess of the amounts currently accrued. Based on available information, in the opinion of management, settlements, arbitration awards and final judgments, if any, which are considered probable of being rendered against us in litigation or arbitration in existence at June 30, 2015 and can be reasonably estimated are reserved against or would not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

10. Discontinued Operations

During the fourth quarter of 2013, we consummated the sale of GVE Newco, LLC (“GVE”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ours representing our non-branded entertainment media business and discontinued our direct response television operations (“DRTV”). Accordingly, the assets and liabilities, operating results, and cash flows for these businesses are presented as discontinued operations separate from our continuing operations, for all periods presented in these consolidated condensed financial statements and footnotes, unless indicated otherwise.

The sale of GVE to Cinedigm was subject to customary adjustments, including a post-closing working capital adjustment, which is currently in dispute (see Note 9). The losses from discontinued operations generated during 2015 are mainly attributable to legal costs associated with the dispute. After the sale was consummated, we continued providing extensive administrative and accounting services to the buyer through May 2014. We have not provided any significant services since that time.

The (loss) income from discontinued operations amounts as reported on our consolidated statements of operations were comprised of the following amounts:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands)

   2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net revenue

   $ —         $ 255       $ —         $ 2,509   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations before income taxes

     (1,121      2         (1,587      28   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

(Loss) income from operations of discontinued operations

   $ (1,121    $ 2       $ (1,587    $ 28   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

11. Exit Activity Costs

During the fourth quarter of 2013, as a result of the sale of GVE and the discontinuation of DRTV, we recorded impairment charges on certain media and assets; and recorded accruals for termination benefits. Those accruals are included in accrued expenses in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The activity in the accrual for termination benefits for the six months ended June 30, 2015 is as follows:

 

Balance, December 31, 2014

   $  1,765   

Payments made

     (113
  

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2015

   $ 1,652   
  

 

 

 

 

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12. Subsequent Events

On July 23, 2015, Boulder Road LLC, a subsidiary of Gaiam TV, entered into a revolving line of credit agreement with a bank in the amount of $5.5 million. The note bears interest at the prime rate plus 3.25%, is guaranteed by Gaiam, Inc. and Gaiam TV, and is secured by a Deed of Trust filed against the real property on which the principal offices of the Company are located. No amounts were outstanding under the line of credit at June 30, 2015.

On July 24, 2015, the Company formed a partnership with a third party to jointly market a fitness-based infomercial and its associated products. Under the arrangement, the Company will provide an infomercial which it has developed, and the third party will provide the necessary working capital to advertise and market the infomercial worldwide.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this document. This section is designed to provide information that will assist in understanding our condensed consolidated financial statements, changes in certain items in those statements from period to period, the primary factors that caused those changes and how certain accounting principles, policies and estimates affect the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Overview and Outlook

We design, create, and market products and media for consumers who are interested in yoga, fitness, and wellness. Additionally, we operate a subscription video on-demand service, Gaiam TV, which is dedicated to creating, acquiring, and delivering conscious media. Through our business activities, we seek to position our brand as a trusted source for products and information that are relevant to our consumers’ active lifestyles and transformational journeys. Our broad distribution network includes retail, online, and digital channels. Our business is vertically integrated from product design and content creation through product development and sourcing, to customer service and distribution. This efficient supply chain enables us to provide quality products at competitive prices for all of our brands.

We intend to build upon our authenticity and heritage in the yoga, fitness, wellness, and conscious media sectors. We believe that the size of our end markets is growing as a result of growth in yoga participation, greater awareness of health and wellness, and the success of our retail and online partners. We intend to leverage our product development, supply chain, and retail relationships to continue to expand and innovate our brand’s offerings enabling us to capitalize on the growth in our end markets.

We market our products and services across two segments: Gaiam Brand and Gaiam TV.

Gaiam Brand Segment

Gaiam is a leader in the markets for yoga, fitness and wellness products and media content. Gaiam brands include Gaiam, focused on yoga and fitness; Gaiam Restore, focused on wellness; SPRI, focused on fitness; and our eco-travel business.

We develop and market yoga, fitness and wellness accessories, apparel, and media under Gaiam’s brands. These products are sold primarily through major national retailers in the United States, Canada, Europe, and other countries, with placement in over 38,000 retail doors worldwide. We also sell our products through our website and catalogs. Our products and services are targeted to all levels of yoga and fitness enthusiasts, including professionals. We believe that consumers are attracted to our products because of their design, functional characteristics, and our unique brand heritage. Our accessories include yoga mats, bags, straps and blocks; media content including digital media and apps; restorative and massage accessories such as rollers, resistance cords and balance balls; fitness gear such as weights, braided resistance tubing, and cross train equipment; and various other offerings. Our comprehensive line of apparel includes pants, shorts, tops and jackets designed around yoga.

Through our business activities, we seek to position our brand as a trusted source for products that are relevant to our consumers’ active lifestyles. Our broad distribution network includes retail, online, and digital channels. Our business is vertically integrated from product design and content creation through product development and sourcing, to customer service and distribution. This efficient supply chain enables us to provide quality products at competitive prices for all of our brands.

We seek to drive sustainable and profitable growth in this segment by leveraging our brands’ market positions and heritage to expand our product offering and distribution channels. We believe that growth in yoga participation, greater awareness of health and wellness, and the success of our retail and online partners is increasing consumer interest in our brands and products, and creates new opportunities for us to expand our offering. Recent examples of our brand extension include the 2012 launch of Gaiam Restore and SPRI Dynamic Recovery brands, our at-home rehabilitative and restorative products, the 2013 launch of our SPRI Cross Train line of high-intensity fitness accessories and most recently, the launch of our yoga apparel line during the first quarter of 2015.

We recently launched or updated certain websites, evolving our e-commerce experience to focus on engaging customers through digital content, and social and mobile marketing across various devices. With the acquisition of Yoga Studio, the leading paid yoga app for mobile and tablet devices, in the fourth quarter of 2014, we launched our interactive digital strategy, which we will continue to develop and leverage as a point of brand engagement. We plan to invest in our online branding and digital offerings, develop emerging talent, utilize social media, and sponsor local events. Additionally, we will significantly reduce the circulation of our catalogs going forward as the direct-to-consumer business has shifted online.

 

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Gaiam TV Segment

Gaiam TV is a global digital video subscription service with approximately 7,000 titles which caters to an underserved subscriber base. Gaiam TV’s digital content is available to subscribers on virtually any Internet connected device anytime, anywhere commercial free. The subscription also allows subscribers to download and view files from the library without being actively connected to the internet. Through Gaiam TV subscriptions, customers have unlimited access to a vast library of inspiring films, personal growth related content, cutting edge documentaries, interviews, yoga classes, and more – 90% of which is available exclusively to Gaiam TV subscribers for digital streaming.

In October 2013, Gaiam TV acquired My Yoga Online, an on-line yoga video streaming subscription business in Canada. With this acquisition we grew our content library by approximately 1,300 video titles and expanded our international subscriber base. We plan to continue investing in international expansion, both in terms of subscribers and content.

Gaiam’s board of directors has approved the separation of Gaiam TV and Gaiam Brand into two separate publicly traded companies. We currently expect the separation to take the form of a tax-free spin-off to shareholders. Our board of directors has the right and ability, in its sole discretion, to abandon the proposed separation at any time before the distribution date. As a result, there can be no assurance that the separation will occur.

Results of Operations

The table below summarizes certain of our results for the periods indicated:

 

     For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
     For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 

(in thousands, except per share data)

   2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net revenues

   $ 41,146       $ 32,451       $ 78,784       $ 70,062   

Gross profit

     18,207         15,468         35,454         32,488   

Selling and operating corporate, general and administration

     18,184         18,623         38,316         38,121   

Income (loss) from operations

     23         (3,155      (2,862      (5,633

Interest and other income (expense)

     114         27         (370      65   

Gain on sale of investment

     —          1,042         —          1,480   

Income (loss) before taxes and noncontrolling interest

     137         (2,086      (3,232      (4,088

Income tax expense

     125         130         174         226   

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     12         (2,216      (3,406      (4,314

(Loss) income from discontinued operations

     (1,121      2         (1,587      28   

Net loss

     (1,109      (2,214      (4,993      (4,286

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (8      (174      (16      (236

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

   $ (1,117    $ (2,388    $ (5,009    $ (4,522

 

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The following table sets forth certain financial data as a percentage of revenue for the periods indicated:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net revenue

     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0

Cost of goods sold

     55.8     52.3     55.0     53.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     44.2     47.7     45.0     46.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Expenses:

      

Selling and operating

     35.2     46.7     39.6     45.0

Corporate, general and administration

     8.8     8.8     8.9     8.5

Other general expense

     0.2     1.9     0.1     0.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     44.2     57.4     48.6     54.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) from operations

     —       -9.7     -3.6     -8.0

Interest and other income (expense)

     0.3     0.1     -0.5     0.1

Gain on sale on investment

     —       3.2     —       2.1

Income (loss) before taxes and noncontrolling interest

     0.3     -6.4     -4.1     -5.8

Income tax expense

     0.3     0.5     0.2     0.4

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     —       -6.9     -4.3     -6.2

(Loss) income from discontinued operations

     -2.7     —       -2.1     —  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —       -0.5     —       -0.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc.

     -2.7     -7.4     -6.4     -6.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30, 2015 Compared to Three months ended June 30, 2014

Net revenue. Net revenue was $41.1 million during the second quarter of 2015, compared to $32.5 million during the second quarter of 2014. Net revenue in our Gaiam Brand segment increased $7.8 million, or 26.1%, to $37.9 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $30.0 million during the second quarter of 2014. The increase in revenues was due to the successful launch of our apparel line and additional branded product sales, offset by the planned reduction of our catalog business. Net revenue in our Gaiam TV segment increased $0.9 million, or 36.0%, to $3.3 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $2.4 million during the second quarter of 2014. Revenues increased due to the launch of Gaiam TV on Comcast in January 2015 and continued subscriber growth. Gaiam TV revenue growth was slowed as we reduced overall spending in an effort to achieve our goal of profitability in this business segment before June 30, 2015.

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold increased $6.0 million, or 35.1%, to $22.9 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $17.0 million during the second quarter of 2014. Cost of goods sold in our Gaiam Brand segment increased $5.8 million, or 34.8%, to $22.4 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $16.6 million during the second quarter of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue, increased to 59.2% compared to 55.3% during the second quarter of 2014. The increase in costs of goods sold as a percentage of revenue is due to lower average margins on our new apparel line, which is direct imported to the customer reducing our operating freight, fulfillment and inventory costs.

Selling and operating expenses. Selling and operating expenses decreased $0.7 million, or 4.4%, to $14.5 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $15.2 million during the second quarter of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 35.2% during the second quarter of 2015 from 46.7% during the second quarter of 2014. The decrease was primarily due to reduced spending in our catalog business, partially offset by increased marketing expenses for Gaiam TV and staffing to support our new apparel line.

Corporate, general and administration expenses. Corporate, general and administration expenses increased $0.8 million, or 26.3%, to $3.6 million during the second quarter of 2015 from $2.9 million during the second quarter of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue, stayed flat at 8.8% for both periods. The increase was due to new headcount and infrastructure to support the growth of the business, and the severance expense associated with the departure of an executive officer during the quarter.

Other general expense. During the second quarter of 2015, we incurred $0.1 million of legal and auditing costs related to the potential spin-off of Gaiam TV, into a separately-traded public company. Expenses associated with the spin-off during the second quarter of 2014 were $0.6 million.

 

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Gain on sale of investments. We did not sell any investments or recognize any gains on sales of investments during the second quarter of 2015. During the second quarter of 2014, we sold all our shares of Cinedigm plus additional shares of RGSE stock and recognized a gain of $1.0 million.

(Loss) income from discontinued operations. During the second quarter of 2015, we recognized $1.1 million in costs associated with litigation resulting from the sale of GVE to Cinedigm in 2013.

Net (loss) income attributable to Gaiam, Inc. As a result of the above factors, net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. was $1.1 million, or $0.05 per share, during the second quarter of 2015 compared to a net loss of $2.4 million, or $0.10 per share, during the second quarter of 2014.

Six months ended June 30, 2015 Compared to Six months ended June 30, 2014

Net revenue. Net revenue was $78.8 million during the first six months of 2015, compared to $70.1 million during the first six months of 2014. Net revenue in our Gaiam Brand segment increased $7.0 million, or 10.8%, to $72.4 million during the first six months of 2015 from $65.4 million during the first six months of 2014. The increase in revenues was due to the successful launch of our apparel line and additional branded product sales, offset by the planned reduction of our catalog business, and inventory rebalancing at our largest customer. Net revenue in our Gaiam TV segment increased $1.7 million, or 35.7%, to $6.4 million during the first six months of 2015 from $4.7 million during the first six months of 2014. Revenues increased due to continued subscriber growth. Gaiam TV revenue growth was slowed as we reduced overall spending in an effort to achieve our goal of profitability in this business segment before June 30, 2015.

Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold increased $5.8 million, or 15.3%, to $43.3 million during the first six months of 2015 from $37.6 million during the first six months of 2014. Cost of goods sold in our Gaiam Brand segment increased $5.4 million, or 14.6%, to $42.3 million during the first six months of 2015 from $36.9 million during the first six months of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue increased to 58.4% during the first six months of 2015 compared to 56.5% during the first six months of 2014. The increase in costs of goods sold as a percentage of revenue is due to lower average margins on our new apparel line, which is direct imported to the customer reducing our operating freight, fulfillment and inventory costs.

Selling and operating expenses. Selling and operating expenses decreased $0.3 million, or 1.0%, to $31.2 million during the first six months of 2015 from $31.5 million during the first six months of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue, decreased to 39.6% during the first six months of 2015 from 45.0% during the first six months of 2014. The decrease was primarily due to reduced spending in our catalog business, partially offset by increased marketing expenses for Gaiam TV and staffing to support our new apparel line.

Corporate, general and administration expenses. Corporate, general and administration expenses increased $1.1 million, or 17.6%, to $7.0 million during the first six months of 2015 from $6.0 million during the first six months of 2014 and, as a percentage of net revenue, increased to 8.9% during the first six months of 2015 compared to 8.5% during the first six months of 2014. The increase was due to new headcount and infrastructure to support the growth of the business, coupled with the arrival and severance of an executive officer during the first six months of 2015.

Other general expense. During the first six months of 2015, we incurred $0.1 million of legal and auditing costs related to the potential spin-off of Gaiam TV, into a separately-traded public company. Expenses associated with the spin-off during the first six months of 2014 were $0.6 million.

Gain on sale of investments. We did not sell any investments or recognize any gains on sales of investments during the first six months of 2015. During the first six months of 2014, we sold all our shares of Cinedigm and most of our remaining shares of RGSE stock and recognized a gain of $1.5 million.

(Loss) income from discontinued operations. During the first six months of 2015, we recognized $1.6 million in costs associated with litigation resulting from the sale of GVE to Cinedigm in 2013.

Net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. As a result of the above factors, net loss attributable to Gaiam, Inc. was $5.0 million, or $0.20 per share, during the first six months of 2015 compared to a net loss of $4.5 million, or $0.19 per share, during the first six months of 2014.

Seasonality

Our sales are affected by seasonal influences. On an aggregate basis, we generate our strongest revenues and net income in the fourth quarter due to increased holiday spending and retailer fitness purchases.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our capital needs arise from working capital required to fund operations, capital expenditures related to acquisition and development of media content, development and marketing of our e-commerce and digital platforms and new products, acquisitions of new businesses, replacements, expansions and improvements to our infrastructure, and future growth. These capital requirements depend on numerous factors, including the rate of market acceptance of our product offerings, our ability to expand our customer base, the cost of ongoing upgrades to our product offerings, the level of expenditures for sales and marketing, the level of investment in distribution systems and facilities and other factors. Additionally, we will continue to pursue opportunities to expand our media libraries, evaluate possible investments in businesses, products and technologies, and increase our sales and marketing programs and brand promotions as needed. At June 30, 2015, our cash balance was $18.4 million. Including our investment in Gaiam TV, we estimate that our capital expenditures will total approximately $7.0 million for 2015.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our primary sources (uses) of cash during the periods presented:

 

     For the Six
Months Ended June 30,
 

(in thousands)

   2015      2014  

Net cash provided by (used in):

     

Operating activities—continuing operations

   $ 8,846       $ (2,073

Operating activities—discontinued operations

     (1,305      (818
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating activities

     7,541         (2,891

Investing activities

     (4,213      235   

Financing activities

     (335      1,176   

Effects of exchange rates on cash

     (339      101   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

   $ 2,654       $ (1,379
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating activities- continuing operations. Cash flow from continuing operations increased $10.9 million during the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. The increase was primarily due to $6.2 million increased collection of accounts receivable due to growth of the business, and $7.9 million of decreased payments of participations payable and other current liabilities, partially offset by $5.0 million additional payments of accounts payable.

Operating activities- discontinued operations. Cash flow from discontinued operations decreased $0.5 million during the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. The decrease was due to increased expenses associated with our legal dispute resulting from the sale of GVE to Cinedigm in 2013.

Investing activities. Cash flow from investing activities decreased $4.4 million during the first six months of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014. The change between years is due to $1.8 million additional capital spending for media and equipment during 2015, and $2.6 million in sales of RGSE and Cinedigm stock during 2014.

Financing activities. Our financing activities used net cash of $0.3 million during the first six months of 2015 and provided net cash of $1.2 million during the first six months of 2014. The change between years is primarily due to a $1.2 million decrease in stock option exercises, and $0.3 million of increased dividends paid to the minority owner of our eco-travel subsidiary.

We currently have an effective shelf registration statement on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission for 5,000,000 shares of our Class A common stock and to date no shares have been issued under this shelf registration statement.

In the normal course of our business, we investigate, evaluate and discuss acquisition, joint venture, minority investment, strategic relationship and other business combination opportunities in our market. For any future investment, acquisition or joint venture opportunities, we may consider using then-available liquidity, issuing equity securities or incurring additional indebtedness.

While there can be no assurances, we believe our cash on hand, cash expected to be generated from operations, cash that could be raised by the sale of our shelf registration stock, tax savings from net operating losses, and potential borrowing capabilities should be sufficient to fund our operations on both a short-term and long-term basis. In addition, we own our corporate headquarters and could enter into additional financing or sale/lease back transaction to provide additional funds. However, our projected cash needs may change as a result of acquisitions, product development, unforeseen operational difficulties or other factors.

 

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The potential spinoff of Gaiam TV will have a significant impact on our liquidity if it occurs, as Gaiam will no longer be required to fund the operating losses or capital expenditures of Gaiam TV. As discussed in Note 2, we transferred ownership of our principal offices to Gaiam TV in January 2015. As a result, our principal offices, which are fully owned by us, will no longer be available as a potential source of financing to Gaiam after the spinoff.

 

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Contractual Obligations

We have commitments pursuant to operating lease and media distribution agreements. The following table shows our commitments to make future payments or advances under these agreements as of June 30, 2015:

 

(in thousands)

   Total      < 1 year      1-3 years      3-5 years      > 5 years  

Operating lease payments

   $ 860       $ 775       $ 85       $ —        $ —    

Minimum distribution payments

     4,584         2,905         1,679         —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 5,444       $ 3,680       $ 1,764       $ —        $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Risk Factors

There are risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to be materially different from those indicated by forward looking statements that we make from time to time in filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, news releases, reports, proxy statements, registration statements and other written communications as well as oral forward looking statements made from time to time by our representatives. These risks and uncertainties include those risks listed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. Historical results are not necessarily an indication of the future results. Except for the historical information contained herein, the matters discussed in this analysis are forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, general economic and business conditions, competition, pricing, brand reputation, consumer trends, and other factors which are often beyond our control. We do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements except as required by law.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are exposed to market risks, which include changes in foreign exchange rates. We do not engage in financial transactions for trading or speculative purposes. We hold foreign currency and occasionally have forward contracts for foreign currency transactions, the gains and losses from which have been immaterial. We hold a controlling financial interest in Gaiam PTY, an Australian based joint venture. Since Gaiam PTY’s functional currency is the Australian dollar, this subsidiary exposes us to risk associated with foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. However, we have determined that no material market risk exposure to our consolidated financial position, results from operations or cash flows existed as of June 30, 2015.

We purchase a significant amount of inventory from vendors outside of the U.S. in transactions that are primarily U.S.-dollar-denominated transactions. A decline in the relative value of the U.S. dollar to other foreign currencies has and may continue to lead to increased purchasing costs.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act. Based upon its evaluation as of June 30, 2015, our management has concluded that those disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

No changes in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

As previously disclosed, on August 13, 2014, Cinedigm initiated an arbitration proceeding with the American Arbitration Association under the MIPA. See Note 9 Commitments and Contingencies to the interim condensed consolidated financial statements for further details about this proceeding, which disclosure is incorporated by reference herein.

 

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

No material changes.

 

Item 5. Other Information

We have rescheduled our 2015 annual meeting of shareholders, originally scheduled for June 2, 2015, to November 5, 2015 (the “Annual Meeting”) to accommodate the anticipated timing of the Gaiam TV spin-off.

In accordance with Rule 14a-5(f) and Rule 14a-8(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the deadline for receipt of shareholder proposals for inclusion in our proxy statement for the Annual Meeting pursuant to Rule 14a-8 was 5:00 p.m., Mountain Time, on May 21, 2015. Such proposals are required to contain specified information, including, among other things, information as would be required to be included in a proxy statement under Securities and Exchange Commission rules.

Also, in accordance with Rule 14a-5(f) and pursuant to the terms of our Bylaws, written notice from a shareholder interested in bringing a shareholder proposal before the Annual Meeting outside of the process set forth Rule 14a-8 or nominating a director candidate for election at the Annual Meeting must have been received between July 10, 2015 and August 4, 2015 to be considered timely. Shareholder notices must contain the information required by our Bylaws.

All proposals or other notices should be addressed to us at 833 West South Boulder Road, Louisville, Colorado 80027, Attention: Secretary, Gaiam, Inc.

If we do not have notice of a matter to come before our 2015 annual meeting of shareholders before the deadlines described above, your proxy card for such annual meeting will confer discretionary authority to vote on such matter.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit

No.

  

Description

  31.1*    Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
  31.2*    Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
  32.1**    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.2**    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema.
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase.
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase.
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase.
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase.

 

* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf, by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

        Gaiam, Inc.
        (Registrant)
  August 7, 2015    By:   

/s/ Lynn Powers

  Date       Lynn Powers
       

Chief Executive Officer

(authorized officer)

  August 7, 2015    By:   

/s/ Stephen J. Thomas

  Date       Stephen J. Thomas
        Chief Financial Officer
        (principal financial and accounting officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit

No.

  

Description

  31.1*    Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
  31.2*    Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
  32.1**    Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
  32.2**    Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS    XBRL Instance Document.
101.SCH    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema.
101.CAL    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase.
101.DEF    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase.
101.LAB    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase.
101.PRE    XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase.

 

* Filed herewith
** Furnished herewith

 

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